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  • condition
  • Furthermore, prevention of colonic distention through more aggressive use of bowel regimens for the prevention of obstipation is critically important in hospitalized patients, who are particularly susceptible to this clinical condition. (medscape.com)
  • short
  • A poor outcome (death (14) or TPN dependence (10)) was seen with malrotation (13 of 16), short small bowel (eight of nine), urinary tract involvement (12 of 16), and myopathic histology (15 of 22). (bmj.com)
  • patients
  • Full thickness intestinal biopsies were available from 44 patients, but for two patients the material was obtained postmortem. (bmj.com)
  • inflammatory bowel d
  • It is also used to treat on-going diarrhea in people with inflammatory bowel disease. (medhelp.org)
  • Perforated peptic ulcer Bowel obstruction Ruptured diverticulum Penetrating trauma Ruptured inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. megacolon) Necrotising enterocolitis/Pneumatosis coli Bowel cancer Ischemic bowel Steroids After laparotomy After laparoscopy Breakdown of a surgical anastomosis Bowel injury after endoscopy Peritoneal dialysis (PD), although the prevalence of pneumoperitoneum is estimated to be less than 4% among people with PD in a more recent study in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease is a condition of unknown aetiology, classified as either Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, that can affect the intestines and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infectious disease may be treated with targeted antibiotics, and inflammatory bowel disease with immunosuppression. (wikipedia.org)
  • postoperative
  • There is also evidence from a systematic review of randomized controlled trials that chewing gum, as a form of 'sham feeding', may stimulate gastrointestinal motility in the post-operative period and reduce the duration of postoperative ileus. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastro-intestinal
  • There is no research evidence that reliably corroborates the assumed association between bowel sounds and gastro-intestinal motility status. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing pressure reduces blood flow to abdominal organs and impairs pulmonary, cardiovascular, renal, and gastro-intestinal (GI) function, causing multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and death. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • Intestinal atony or paralysis may be caused by inhibitory neural reflexes, inflammation or other implication of neurohumoral peptides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation of the bowel may lead to increased permeability and subsequent endotoxemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • The production of fluid is thought to be due to active hypersecretion, passive secretion of proteins secondary to damage to epithelium of the mucosa and capillaries, and a functional ileus which prevents removal of this fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • distal
  • Hirschsprung disease is due to an arrest in neural cell ganglia, leading to absent innervation of a segment distal bowel, and appears as a massively dilated segment of distal bowel on contrast enema. (wikipedia.org)
  • nasogastric intubation
  • Horses experiencing ileus are at risk for gastric rupture due to rapid reflux build-up, and require intense medical management with frequent nasogastric intubation. (wikipedia.org)
  • They usually have some relief and decrease in pain after gastric decompression, while horses with an obstruction often still act colicky after nasogastric intubation. (wikipedia.org)
  • motility
  • This increases the water content and volume of the stools in the bowel, making them softer and easier to pass, as well as improving gut motility. (wikipedia.org)
  • peritoneal
  • Play media Ultrasound finding of pneumoperitoneum known as "peritoneal stripe sign" As differential diagnoses, a subphrenic abscess, bowel interposed between diaphragm and liver (Chilaiditi syndrome), and linear atelectasis at the base of the lungs can simulate free air under the diaphragm on a chest X-ray. (wikipedia.org)
  • condition
  • Furthermore, prevention of colonic distention through more aggressive use of bowel regimens for the prevention of obstipation is critically important in hospitalized patients, who are particularly susceptible to this clinical condition. (medscape.com)
  • short
  • A poor outcome (death (14) or TPN dependence (10)) was seen with malrotation (13 of 16), short small bowel (eight of nine), urinary tract involvement (12 of 16), and myopathic histology (15 of 22). (bmj.com)
  • patients
  • Full thickness intestinal biopsies were available from 44 patients, but for two patients the material was obtained postmortem. (bmj.com)
  • hernia
  • Image 2d (Computed Tomography): Axial view showing the dilated small bowel loop in the right inguinal hernia (arrow). (wa.gov.au)
  • colon
  • Below this level, the bowel is a narrow and empty micro-colon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another theory suggests the degeneration of glial neurons in the myenteric plexus and the interstitial cells of Cajal lead to slowed intestinal movement and consequently fecal content exerts increased pressure on the colon wall resulting in the formation of diverticula. (wikipedia.org)
  • mesenteric
  • SMA syndrome is also known as Wilkie's syndrome, cast syndrome, mesenteric root syndrome, chronic duodenal ileus and intermittent arterio-mesenteric occlusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case that the superior mesenteric artery, or another major intestinal artery, is occluded, large segments of bowel can be entirely underdeveloped. (wikipedia.org)
  • Distension
  • It is this distension, and subsequent activation of stretch receptors within the intestinal wall, that leads to the associated pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • With progressive distension of the intestinal wall, there is occlusion of blood vessels, firstly the less rigid veins, then arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • malrotation
  • Risk factors include anatomic characteristics such as: aesthenic (very thin or "lanky") body build, an unusually high insertion of the duodenum at the ligament of Treitz, a particularly low origin of the SMA, or intestinal malrotation around an axis formed by the SMA. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetal
  • She had been transferred from a medical center to the Hospital of Ouahigouya (Burkina Faso) for bowel sub-obstruction and intrauterine fetal death, with failure of labor induction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A 22-year-old woman, gravida 4, para 2, one early abortion and 2 alive children, was transferred from a medical center to the maternity ward of the University Teaching Hospital of Ouahigouya (Burkina Faso) for bowel sub-obstruction and intrauterine fetal death, with failure of labor induction, on an assumed full term pregnancy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • functional
  • The production of fluid is thought to be due to active hypersecretion, passive secretion of proteins secondary to damage to epithelium of the mucosa and capillaries, and a functional ileus which prevents removal of this fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • peritoneal
  • Play media Ultrasound finding of pneumoperitoneum known as "peritoneal stripe sign" As differential diagnoses, a subphrenic abscess, bowel interposed between diaphragm and liver (Chilaiditi syndrome), and linear atelectasis at the base of the lungs can simulate free air under the diaphragm on a chest X-ray. (wikipedia.org)
  • wall
  • There was no abnormal pattern of bowel wall enhancement or other signs of intestinal ischaemia or necrosis. (eurorad.org)
  • In addition, bowel wall enhancement patterns are useful in diagnosing intestinal ischaemia and necrosis associated with obstruction and in the recognition of thrombi within a vessel. (eurorad.org)
  • Image 9b (H&E, x2.5) and 9c (H&E, x10): Histological sections showing a moderately differentiated colorectal adenocarcinoma composed of malignant glands invading into the bowel wall (blue arrows). (wa.gov.au)
  • Presentation may vary depending on location as well as depth and extent of bowel wall involvement and usually runs a chronic relapsing course. (wikipedia.org)
  • movements
  • If you resume a diet rich in fiber (fruits, vegetables, salads) you usually resume bowel movements the next day. (healthtap.com)
  • In three large clinical trials, 12 weeks of treatment with prucalopride 2 and 4 mg/day resulted in a significantly higher proportion of patients reaching the primary efficacy endpoint of an average of ≥3 spontaneous complete bowel movements than with placebo. (wikipedia.org)
  • gluten
  • Consuming food containing gluten is dangerous for people with this disease: Intestinal villi help to absorb nutrients from food, but when gluten is consumed, the immune system attacks these villi as a result. (wikipedia.org)