• cattle
  • The virus is generally found in regions of eastern and southern Africa where sheep and cattle are raised, but the virus exists in most of sub-Saharan Africa, including West Africa and Madagascar. (zoologix.com)
  • prevalence
  • This study aimed to add knowledge regarding BVDV incidence in southern African wild bovids by determining the prevalence of BVDV in Namibian and South African kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) and eland (Taurotragus oryx), with a specific focus on a sizeable Namibian kudu sample cohort. (scielo.org.za)
  • It is therefore likely that any outbreak of this disease would have serious socio-economic consequences for Ireland due to the high density of vulnerable equids and the prevalence of Culicoides species, potentially capable of vectoring the virus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • detection
  • A quantitative one-step SYBR Green I-based reverse-transcriptase (RT)- PCR system was developed for the detection of bovine ephemeral fever virus in samples. (gov.tw)
  • The diagnostic sensitivity of the real time RT-PCR and conventional RT- PCR, nested PCR and cell culture method in the detection of 72 clinical samples suspected to have BEFV infections were 19.04%, 12.8%(8/72), 19.04%(14/72) and 18.06%(13/72), respectively. (gov.tw)
  • High throughput detection of bluetongue virus by a new real-time fluorogenic reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction: application on clinical samples from current Mediterranean outbreaks," Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation , vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 7-17, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • PCR's exquisite sensitivity allows detection of a target pathogen in a sample even if present in very low titres, and even from very small sample volumes. (zoologix.com)
  • Also, culture-based methods for the detection of O157:H7 are slow and labor intensive, so they are not ideal for analysis of the large numbers of samples that must be tested when possible environmental sources of an outbreak are being investigated. (zoologix.com)
  • infections
  • The data generated will be used to reveal some of the fundamental roles of virus ecology and evolution, and understand the measurable impact of the novel infections on public and animal health. (edu.au)
  • antibodies
  • Rising levels of antibodies in two samples taken 2 to 4 weeks apart also indicate infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, AHS is not considered to be endemic in the greater part of South Africa, with the exception of the North-eastern Lowveld of Mpumalanga Province where seroconversion of AHSV occurs in zebra in every month of the year and virtually all adult animals have specific antibodies to all nine serotypes of the virus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • clinical
  • There is very little difference in morphology or clinical presentation between the 2 species, and both can cause the disease coccidioidomycosis, also referred to as 'Valley Fever. (zoologix.com)
  • species
  • Currently, he is studying why some pathogens are particularly likely to jump between species and spread, and using metagenomic technology to discover novel viruses and determine the possible microbial cause of disease syndromes (e.g. emerging tick-borne disease in Australia). (edu.au)
  • Camelpox virus is typically host specific and normally does not infect non-camelid species. (zoologix.com)
  • deep respiratory samples obtained using bronchial lavage are preferred for some species. (zoologix.com)
  • Trunk washes are used to obtain samples from elephants (National Tuberculosis Working Group for Zoo and Wildlife Species, 2003). (zoologix.com)
  • Zoologix
  • Our DRY CARDS let you mail blood samples to Zoologix easily and cheaply from anywhere because DRY CARD samples are small, light and stable at room temperature for several weeks. (zoologix.com)
  • lesions
  • Infected animals can develop fever, local or generalized pox lesions on the skin and in the mucous membranes of the mouth and respiratory tract. (zoologix.com)
  • detect
  • 2014). PCR can be used to detect these fungi in environmental samples such as dust, water or soil, as well as in various samples of biological origin. (zoologix.com)
  • llamas
  • This DNA virus infects both Old World camelids (eg dromedaries and bactrian camels) and New World camelids (eg llamas, alpacas, vicunyas). (zoologix.com)
  • novel
  • Remarkably, sequencing of positive samples did not confirm the presence of bat associated lyssaviruses but revealed nine distinct novel rhabdovirus-related sequences. (biomedcentral.com)
  • isolate
  • The complete genomic sequence of Duck hepatitis virus 1 (DHV-1) ZJ-V isolate was sequenced and determined to be 7 691 nucleotides (nt) in length with a 5′-terminal un-translated region (UTR) of 626 nt and a 3′-terminal UTR of 315 nt (not including the poly(A) tail). (virosin.org)
  • health
  • Owing to the potential of this virus to cause widespread death and debilitating disease in naïve equid populations, it is listed as a notifiable equine disease by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), which makes outbreaks of the disease compulsorily notifiable to the OIE. (biomedcentral.com)
  • How long a fever lasts and how high it may go depends on several factors, including its cause, the age of the patient, and his or her overall health. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • hosts
  • His work has helped define the barriers faced by viruses as they emerge in new hosts, determine the range of transmission patterns exhibited by emerging viruses, and establish genetic models for host switching. (edu.au)
  • agent
  • The immune system chemicals that react with the fever-inducing agent and trigger the resetting of the thermostat also increase the production of cells that fight off the invading bacteria or viruses. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • blood
  • The virus can be isolated from blood and can be identified by immunofluorescence and immunostaining. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whole blood samples were obtained from kudu from a 200 km 2 area near Lephalale, Limpopo, South Africa, and from kudu and eland in Namibia from a range of game farms ( Table 1 ). (scielo.org.za)
  • Blood samples are required from 20-30 cows, and are best collected during the wet season when the disease is most prevalent. (futurebeef.com.au)
  • The 'chills' that often accompany a fever are caused by the movement of blood to the body's core, leaving the surface and extremities cold. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • high
  • Malignant hyperthermia is a rare, inherited condition in which a person develops a very high fever when given certain anesthetics or muscle relaxants in preparation for surgery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Direct
  • The virus is transmitted through mosquitoes, as well as through direct contact with the tissue of infected animals. (zoologix.com)
  • The virus is usually transmitted either by direct contact between infected and susceptible animals or by exposure to a contaminated environment. (zoologix.com)
  • found
  • The virus has been found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa and through eastern Australia. (wikipedia.org)