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  • lateral
  • From March 2006 to October 2008, closed diaphyseal fractures of the femur (AO type 32) in 41 nonconsecutive patients were stabilized without the use of image intensifier on ordinary operation table in lateral decubitus position and were retrospectively evaluated. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Frontal and lateral X-ray views of the elbow are typically done to investigate the possibility of an olecranon fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plain radiography shows the radial head fracture, with dorsal subluxation of the ulna often seen on lateral view of the pronated wrist. (wikipedia.org)
  • The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar fracture, and formerly referred to as a tripod fracture or trimalar fracture, has four components: the lateral orbital wall (at either the zygomaticofrontal suture superiorly along the wall or zygomaticosphenoid suture inferiorly), separation of the maxilla and zygoma along the anterior maxilla (near the zygomaticomaxillary suture), the zygomatic arch, and the orbital floor near the infraorbital canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • Mechanism of injury included both road traffic accident and fall in which 14 patients (58.3%) sustained the fracture due to RTA and 10 patients (41.7%) sustained injury due to fall affecting both sides equally. (imedpub.com)
  • Fractures are caused most often by injury, although certain pathological conditions may predispose a bone to fracture. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A person with a fracture should not be moved unless the broken bone has been splinted or otherwise immobilized (see first aid first aid, immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • in medicine), a disruption of the anatomical integrity of bone as a result of injury. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The destruction of bone and injury to the surrounding soft tissues cause internal bleeding in closed fractures and external bleeding in open ones. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If you are in a situation where there is a skull or facial fracture injury, call for medical help right away. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • If your broken bone requires a cast, your doctor will likely wait until the swelling goes down, usually five to seven days after injury. (mayoclinichealthsystem.org)
  • The hematoma may spread downwards and backwards behind the ear, which may be confused with Battle's sign (a sign of a base of skull fracture), although this is an uncommon finding so if present, intra-cranial injury must be ruled out. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be present at birth (congenital), when it is a result of a failure of the bones to form separately, or following an injury (post-traumatic). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, olecranon fractures are a common injury in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imaging techniques such as X-ray are used to diagnose scapular fracture, but the injury may not be noticed in part because it is so frequently accompanied by other, severe injuries that demand attention. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is an association of ZMC fractures with naso-orbito-ethmoidal fractures (NOE) on the same side as the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • External fixation is a surgical treatment used to stabilize bone and soft tissues at a distance from the operative or injury focus. (wikipedia.org)
  • screws
  • The device comprises as a separate element a coupling piece with a plate portion which can be mounted to the outside of the bone by means of one or more cross screws. (google.es)
  • 5. A device according to claim 1 wherein there are two elastic nails, both to be locked in place by the coupling member, and two screws for anchoring the plate portion of the coupling member to the bone. (google.es)
  • Although bone fractures have been fixed with the help of metal plates using screws to fix each plate, such plates have various attendant problems. (google.com)
  • Fourthly, support of the fractured zone is borne only by the portion of the plate between the central screws. (google.com)
  • In this type of operation, metal pins or screws are placed into the bone above and below the fracture site. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • A more complicated break might require surgery to realign the broken bone and to implant wires, plates, nails or screws to maintain proper alignment during healing. (mayoclinichealthsystem.org)
  • Fixation devices - such as wires, plates, nails or screws - may be needed to maintain proper position of your bones during healing. (mayoclinichealthsystem.org)
  • The surgical team successfully implanted a Synthes stainless steel Locking Compression Plate (LCP) and 27 screws into the colt's injured leg to span the comminuted fracture and joints. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • The symptoms of fracture are severe local pain, deformation, abnormal mobility, and functional impairment of the extremity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Other symptoms may include loose teeth (teeth on either side of the fracture will feel loose because the fracture is mobile), numbness (because the inferior alveolar nerve runs along the jaw and can be compressed by a fracture) and trismus (difficulty opening the mouth). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bilateral condylar fractures may cause the above signs and symptoms, but on both sides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs and symptoms are similar to those of other fractures: they include pain, tenderness, and reduced motion of the affected area although symptoms can take a couple of days to appear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs and symptoms may be masked by other injuries that accompany the scapular fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumer health resource center providing an overview of fractures and their causes, symptoms and treatment. (dmoztools.net)
  • tibia
  • In 1840, Jean-Francois Malgaigne described a spike driven into the tibia and held by straps to immobilise a fractured tibia. (wikipedia.org)
  • forearm
  • Radioulnar synostosis is a rare condition where there is an abnormal connection between the radius and ulna bones of the forearm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Post-traumatic cases are most likely to develop following surgery for a forearm fracture, this is more common with high-energy injuries where the bones are broken into many pieces (comminuted). (wikipedia.org)
  • humerus
  • The olecranon is the proximal extremity of the ulna which is articulated with the humerus bone and constitutes a part of the elbow articulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ilizarov
  • 2. Solomin L.N. "Bases of osteosynthesis per bone with Ilizarov Apparatus", publishing office ELBI-Spb, 2005 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • pins
  • Connected to a bone by wires or half pins, the attached bone can be manipulated in six axes (anterior/posterior, varus/valgus, lengthen/shorten. (wikipedia.org)
  • A metal frame that encircles the limb is attached to the underlying bone by crossing (X) pins inserted through the bone and limb. (wikipedia.org)
  • graft
  • Plates used for buttressing prevent collapse by supporting an area of thin cortex or cancellous bone graft. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandible
  • When the mouth is opened, there may be deviation of the mandible towards the fractured side. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bilateral body or parasymphysis fractures are sometimes termed "flail mandible", and can cause involuntary posterior movement of the tongue with subsequent obstruction of the upper airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fixator
  • Once the fixator is attached to the bone, the deformity is characterised by studying the postoperative x-rays, or CT scans. (wikipedia.org)
  • plates
  • In addition, such plates lend stability to a fractured bone only in one plane. (google.com)
  • Fifthly, on account of the intimate plate/bone contact, incorporation or bone overgrowth tends to take place, and because of the nature of these plates, tissues/bone contact is completely excluded by these plates. (google.com)
  • Children also have growth plates at the end of their bones - areas of growing bone - which may sometimes be damaged. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Rigid fixation prevents micro-motion across lines of fracture to enable healing and prevent infection, which happens when implants such as plates (e.g. dynamic compression plate) are used. (wikipedia.org)
  • When plates are used, atrophy of the bone beneath the plate may predispose the bone to fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • deformity
  • For simpler fractures where no deformity is present the struts may still be adjusted post-surgery to achieve better bone alignment, but the correction takes less time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the deformity has been corrected, the frame is then left on the limb until the bone fully heals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concomitant NOE fractures predict a higher incidence of post operative deformity. (wikipedia.org)
  • wherein
  • 5. The apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein the surface of the plate facing the bone part is coated with promoting means for promoting bone ingrowth. (google.com)
  • Articular
  • The sternum is composed of highly vascular tissue, covered by a thin layer of compact bone which is thickest in the manubrium between the articular facets for the clavicles. (wikipedia.org)