• surgery
  • Despite the extent of aneurysmal lesions and high frequency of association with visceral and supraaortic vessel lesions, the outcome of surgery in patients presenting with descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in association with Takayasu disease was satisfactory. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The surgery can be performed laparoscopic (internally) or open with a variety of materials available for prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study In vitro Deflation of Pre-filled Saline Breast Implants (2006) reported that the rates of deflation (filler leakage) of the pre-filled saline breast implant made it a second-choice prosthesis for corrective breast surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonetheless, in the 1990s, the saline breast implant was the prosthesis usual for breast augmentation surgery, because of the U.S. FDA's restriction against the importation of silicone-filled breast implants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Italy, Gasparo Tagliacozzi (1546-1599), professor of surgery and anatomy at the University of Bologna, published Curtorum Chirurgia Per Insitionem (The Surgery of Defects by Implantations, 1597), a technico-procedural manual for the surgical repair and reconstruction of facial wounds in soldiers. (wikipedia.org)
  • ocular prosthesis
  • An ocular prosthesis, artificial eye or glass eye is a type of craniofacial prosthesis that replaces an absent natural eye following an enucleation, evisceration, or orbital exenteration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though often referred to as a glass eye, the ocular prosthesis roughly takes the shape of a convex shell and is made of medical grade plastic acrylic. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variant of the ocular prosthesis is a very thin hard shell known as a scleral shell which can be worn over a damaged or eviscerated eye. (wikipedia.org)
  • Someone with an ocular prosthesis is totally blind on the affected side and has monocular (one sided) vision. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest known evidence of the use of ocular prosthesis is that of a woman found in Shahr-I Sokhta, Iran dating back to 2900-2800 BCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such implants have no direct attachment to the ocular prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) (acrylic) Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is a transparent thermoplastic available for use as ocular prosthesis, replacement intraocular lenses when the original lens has been removed in the treatment of cataracts and has historically been used as hard contact lenses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aorta
  • The Zenith® TX2® Low Profile TAA Endovascular Graft study is a clinical trial approved by US FDA to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Zenith® TX2® Low Profile TAA Endovascular Graft indicated for the treatment of patients with aneurysms/ulcers of the descending thoracic aorta having vessel structure suitable for repair. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The ascending aortic diameter decreased on average with 38% after 40% blood loss (range 24-62%, p = 0.018), the descending thoracic aorta with 32% (range 18-52%, p = 0.018) and the abdominal aorta with 28% (range 15-39%, p = 0.018). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Their main purpose is to maintain unimpeded forward flow through the heart and from the heart into the major blood vessels connected to the heart, the pulmonary artery and the aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the descending aorta exposed, the surgeon applies a side clamp to the aorta, effectively pinching and isolating one side of the great vessel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood continues to flow to the body's lower half through the unisolated remainder of the aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients
  • Increased oversizing of the endograft, or additional computed tomography (CT) or IVUS imaging after fluid resuscitation for more adequate aortic measurements, may be needed in TTAI patients with considerable blood loss. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In elderly patients this usually would include ECG, urine tests, hematology and blood tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cross match of blood is routine also, as a high percentage of patients receive a blood transfusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The circulating blood volume of seven Yorkshire pigs was gradually lowered in 10% increments. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The horseshoe kidney configuration and governing vessels, urinary duct course, and right common iliac arterial stenosis were shown by methods such as angiogram, spiral CT, and intravenous pyelogram before operation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Mesh
  • Polypropylene (PP) is the most frequently used type of mesh, although it may be uncomfortable for the patient after implantation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mesh implantation will naturally generate an anti-inflammatory response to the inserted mesh, but biocompatibility ranges from how easily it is integrated to how severe the foreign body reaction is. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemothorax
  • We present the unusual case of a 42-year-old gentleman who entered the trauma center with a hemothorax and intermittent bright red pulsatile blood from three stab wounds in the ipsilateral supraclavicular fossa. (biomedsearch.com)
  • tooth
  • Dental implants, in the same way, can also be used to retain a multiple tooth dental prosthesis either in the form of a fixed bridge or removable dentures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Root canals, and their associated pulp chamber, are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities. (wikipedia.org)
  • valves
  • citation needed] However, current mechanical heart valves all require lifelong treatment with anticoagulants (blood thinners), e.g. warfarin, which requires monthly blood tests to monitor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tissue heart valves, in contrast, do not require the use of anticoagulant drugs due to the improved blood flow dynamics resulting in less red cell damage and hence less clot formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caged ball valves have a high tendency to form blood clots, so the patient must have a high degree of anti-coagulation, usually with a target INR of 2.5-3.5. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • A crown (the dental prosthesis) is then connected to the abutment with dental cement, a small screw, or fused with the abutment as one piece during fabrication. (wikipedia.org)
  • To enable this, the abutment is shaped as a small connector (a button, ball, bar or magnet) which can be connected to analogous adapters in the underside of the dental prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • heart
  • When blood pressure in the chamber of the heart exceeds that of the pressure on the outside of the chamber the ball is pushed against the cage and allows blood to flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • includes
  • This includes the development of (1) a mottled appearance of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) caused by bone spicule formation, (2) a waxy appearance of the optic nerve, and (3) the attentuation of blood vessels in the retina. (wikipedia.org)
  • loss
  • The procedure has not been adopted widely because it is technically challenging and blood loss can be significant. (wikipedia.org)