• Antibodies
  • Persistence of bactericidal antibodies to 5 years of age after immunization with serogroup B meningococcal vaccines at 6, 8, 12 and 40 months of age. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The basic tests performed when an immunodeficiency is suspected should include a full blood count (including accurate lymphocyte and granulocyte counts) and immunoglobulin levels (the three most important types of antibodies: IgG, IgA and IgM). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tests for T cell function: skin tests for delayed-type hypersensitivity, cell responses to mitogens and allogeneic cells, cytokine production by cells Tests for B cell function: antibodies to routine immunisations and commonly acquired infections, quantification of IgG subclasses Tests for phagocyte function: reduction of nitro blue tetrazolium chloride, assays of chemotaxis, bactericidal activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans
  • Lycopene is an important carotenoid for its antioxidant function but does not possess the beta-ionone ring structure (required for vitamin A activity) and, therefore, is not a precursor of vitamin A. In humans, beta-carotene and lycopene are the predominant carotenoids in tissue (Ribaya-Mercado et al. (dsm.com)
  • dose
  • The dose required should be monitored by blood testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adverse effects of gentamicin can range from less severe reactions such as nausea and vomiting to more severe reactions such as: Low blood counts Allergic responses Neuromuscular problems Nerve damage Kidney damage (nephrotoxicity) Ear disorders (ototoxicity) Nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity are thought to be dose related with higher doses causing greater chance of toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibacterial
  • The main components of gentamicin include members of the gentamicin C complex: gentamicin C1, gentamicin C1a, and gentamicin C2 which compose approximately 80% of gentamicin and have been found to have the highest antibacterial activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • Levels of bactericidal activity were detectable in fewer control children. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Azlocillin, cimetidine and probenecid increase blood levels of difloxacin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Factors that increase risk of nephrotoxicity include: Increased age Reduced renal function Pregnancy Hypothyroidism Hepatic dysfunction Volume depletion Metabolic acidosis Sodium depletion Kidney dysfunction is monitored by measuring creatinine in the blood, electrolyte levels, low urine output, foamy urine, and concentrations of other chemicals in the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • action
  • In the body, taurolidine is metabolized rapidly via the metabolites taurultam and methylol taurinamide, which also have a bactericidal action, to taurine, an endogenous aminosulphonic acid, CO2 and H2O. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional activity
  • If you frequently use a large area of the wound surface and mucous membranes may occur systemic reabsorption of iodine, which can affect the tests of functional activity of the thyroid gland. (blogspot.com)
  • Thus, this study verified the adsorption of the hormone melatonin to polyethylene glycol (PEG) microspheres and analyzed its ability to modulate the functional activity of human colostrum phagocytes. (hindawi.com)
  • The aim of this study was to verify the adsorption of the hormone melatonin to PEG microspheres and to analyze the effect of this material on the functional activity of human colostrum phagocytes. (hindawi.com)
  • infections
  • The modified delivery of melatonin adsorbed to PEG microspheres may be an additional mechanism for its microbicidal activity and represents an important potential treatment for gastrointestinal infections of newborns. (hindawi.com)
  • Taurolidine is the active ingredient of anti-microbial catheter lock solutions for the prevention and treatment of catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSIs) and is suitable for use in all catheter based vascular access devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • uptake
  • In preterm infants some IgA may be absorbed through the intestinal epithelium and enter the blood stream though there is very little uptake in full term babies. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduction
  • This clears excess bilirubin, a waste-product of dead red blood cells, which is produced in large quantities at birth due to blood volume reduction from the infant's body and helps prevent jaundice. (wikipedia.org)
  • neutrophils
  • SBP is diagnosed if the fluid contains neutrophils (a type of white blood cell) at greater than 250 cells per mm3 (equals a cell count of 250 x106/L) fluid in the absence of another reason for this (such as inflammation of one of the internal organs or a perforation). (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Forty-nine control children were also recruited and blood obtained before and after 2 doses of 4CMenB at 60 and 62 months of age. (ox.ac.uk)
  • cells
  • B) Degradation of C5 by an intrinsic proteolytic activity of spirochetes (5×108) was analyzed by detection of potential cleavage products after incubation of cells with purified C5. (nih.gov)
  • The size of adipocytes varies according to their lipid content and is linked to the function of the cells, with larger adipocytes usually being more active with regard to their metabolic activity and adipokine production ( 2 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Other tests are performed depending on the suspected disorder: Quantification of the different types of mononuclear cells in the blood (i.e. lymphocytes and monocytes): different groups of T lymphocytes (dependent on their cell surface markers, e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • Presence
  • Presence of moisture and trace minerals reduces vitamin A activity in feeds (Olson, 1984). (dsm.com)
  • Optimal function of hepcidin may be predicated upon the adequate presence of vitamin D in the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • 9 While some diseases, such as hematologic neoplasms, cause neutropenia, it occurs most often as a result of the myelosuppression caused by antineoplastic chemotherapy, especially when such therapy is administered at doses designed to achieve maximum antitumor activity. (nih.gov)
  • vitamin
  • Like other species the hydrocarbon carotenoids which provide vitamin A activity are converted in the chick intestine and absorbed as vitamin A. (dsm.com)
  • Anemia
  • Increased hepcidin activity is partially responsible for reduced iron availability seen in anemia of chronic inflammation, such as renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • Combining a cell wall-active agent such as ampicillin or vancomycin with an aminoglycoside may result in synergistic bactericidal activity against enterococci. (medscape.com)
  • SBP is thought to result from a combination of factors inherent in cirrhosis and ascites, such as prolonged bacteremia secondary to compromised host defenses, intrahepatic shunting of colonized blood, and defective bactericidal activity within the ascitic fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • importance
  • Four of these carotenoids, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, gamma-carotene, and cryptoxanthin (the main carotenoid of corn), are of particular importance because of their provitamin A activity. (dsm.com)
  • High
  • Activity of the alveolar macrophage is relatively high, because they are located at one of the major boundaries between the body and the outside world. (wikipedia.org)