• body
  • The undeveloped twin is defined as parasitic, rather than conjoined, because it is incompletely formed or wholly dependent on the body functions of the complete fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The parasitic twin, little more than a torso with or without legs, receives its blood supply from the host twin by means of an umbilical cord-like structure, much like a fetus in fetu, except the acardiac twin is outside the host twin's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The character Pinoko from Black Jack (manga) was originally a teratoma before Black Jack surgically extricates her from her twin, revives her, and gives her a synthetic body. (wikipedia.org)
  • the recipient twin may need to have the volume of body fluid reduced. (malacards.org)
  • flow
  • While it is thought that the classical TRAP/Acardius sequence is due to a retrograde flow from the umbilical arteries of the pump twin to the iliac arteries of the acardiac twin resulting in preferential caudal perfusion, acardius acormus is thought to be a result of an early embryopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetal laser surgery may be done to interrupt the flow of blood from one twin to the other. (malacards.org)
  • important
  • An important gene associated with Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome is PGF (Placental Growth Factor), and among its related pathways/superpathways are ERK Signaling and TGF-Beta Pathway . (malacards.org)