• infants
  • A 1999 study conducted in Finland found that the primary gut flora in infants born by cesarean delivery may be disturbed for up to six months after birth. (babycenter.com)
  • Objective To determine respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (TV) and end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO 2 ) values in full-term infants immediately after caesarean section, and to assess whether infants that develop transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN) follow the same physiological patterns. (bmj.com)
  • RR increases gradually from birth, and rates were lower in infants that develop TTN. (bmj.com)
  • In particular, infants born following planned birth before the optimal time of birth were more likely to have poor child development. (medindia.net)
  • The device, which was sometimes known as a "hand ambulance", allowed premature infants to be transported to a hospital following a home birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • gestational
  • The study's senior author, Associate Professor Natasha Nassar from the University of Sydney Menzies Centre for Health Policy said: "While the association between being born earlier - lower gestational age - and poorer developmental outcomes is well established, our results revealed that poor development is further exacerbated in the case of planned birth, where a considered decision made to deliver an infant determines gestational age. (medindia.net)
  • At a population level this has resulted in a decrease in modal gestational age with planned birth accounting for almost half of births before 39-40 weeks. (medindia.net)
  • TOLAC
  • Yet, despite all this research and review, rates of a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) have increased only modestly in the last several years. (mdedge.com)
  • maternal
  • Although the origins of the Cesarean date back well before the 1800s, the procedure became largely successful at decreasing maternal and infant mortality only toward the latter half of the nineteenth century, with the onset of medical techniques such as stitching the uterine incision and providing anesthesia during the procedure (Van Dongen 2009). (jhu.edu)
  • As physicians developed new strategies to limit sepsis during surgery, maternal mortality associated with the C-section continued to drop in the early twentieth century. (jhu.edu)
  • Until recently the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended a Cesarean prevalence of 5 percent to 10 percent, with an upper limit of 15 percent, to optimize maternal and child health (World Health Organization 1985). (jhu.edu)
  • They became less frequent in the late 20th century after the risk of maternal death post-caesarean section decreased due to improvement in techniques, hygiene, and clinical practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • suggests
  • The resulting dichotomy of provision suggests that Cesareans are no longer deemed an emergent medical procedure by much of the world, and in some contexts they are C-Sections as a Nefarious Plot 123 used electively, on the basis of the physician's preference, the woman's preference , or both. (jhu.edu)
  • deliveries
  • The Cesarean is considered underutilized in some regions, most notably in sub-Saharan Africa, where it often represents less than 5 percent of all deliveries (Gibbons et al. (jhu.edu)
  • 2010). Simultaneously, Cesareans represent half or more of all deliveries in countries such as Brazil and Turkey. (jhu.edu)
  • In the United States, about 33% of deliveries are by C-section. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rise
  • As the trend of increasing c-sections continues to rise, so does an epidemic of both autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, Crohn's disease and multiple sclerosis, and allergic diseases including asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis. (babycenter.com)
  • labor
  • At the beginning of labor, the uterus will begin to contract, moving the baby down the vagina (birth canal). (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • In cases where labor occurs naturally before 39 weeks or planned birth is unavoidable, it is important that there are appropriate interventions and support in early childhood for these potentially vulnerable children. (medindia.net)
  • Approximately 20% of all births in 2013 in women with a history of one cesarean section involved a trial of labor, according to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (mdedge.com)
  • In total, 70% of the women who attempted labor in 2013 after a previous cesarean had successful VBACs, the CDC data shows. (mdedge.com)
  • The most common indications are a trapped head of a breech baby, shoulder dystocia which does not resolve with routine manoeuvres, and obstructed labor at full cervical dilation when there is no option of a caesarean section. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population
  • Geographical Patterns in Vital Statistics This section contains nine maps depicting population and selected vital statistics for the state's 100 counties. (ncdcr.gov)
  • obstetrician
  • Though he was an obstetrician rather than a pediatrician, DeLee became the greatest advocate of the infant incubator in the U.S. At that time, obstetricians dealt with the problems of the premature baby after birth, where pediatricians were likely to only see the survivors of prematurity many days later. (wikipedia.org)
  • baby
  • If the baby is in another position the birth may be complicated. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, the baby might not get enough oxygen during the birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This information is provided for those women who have had a previous caesarean section, and who are now considering the options for birthing their next baby. (mater.org.au)
  • Unfortunately Chrissie went into premature labour and Owen had to deliver the baby by caesarean section but she was born with brain damage so Chrissie only had a few minutes with her before she died. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, only a quarter of women who suffer a fistula in their first birth are able to have a living baby, and therefore have minuscule chances of conceiving a healthy baby later on. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tiffany gives birth to baby Courtney by Caesarean section in March 1997, and for a moment Grant softens towards his wife. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • 4 5 IOL with Cook cervical dilator balloon was introduced into practice at York Teaching Hospital in 2009, as an alternative to repeat CS for women with previous CS. (bmj.com)
  • likely
  • Now marginalized members of society, girls are forced to live on the edges of their villages and towns, often to live in isolation in a hut where they will likely die from starvation or an infection in the birth canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • By the mid-2000s, the C-section was the most commonly performed surgery among women in the United States (DeFrances and Hall 2007). (jhu.edu)
  • however, more than one in 10 women labour before their planned caesarean section date. (mater.org.au)
  • It has been suggested that during that period, non-Catholic doctors recommended sterilisation of women after three Caesarean section operations, while Catholic doctors usually recommended "compassionate hysterectomies" as a solution to the prohibition on sterilisations. (wikipedia.org)