• contraceptive
  • Two years of increases in the teen birth rate are a wake-up call showing the need to target efforts to help teens delay sexual activity, improve contraceptive use, and delay early and generally unplanned childbearing," said Jennifer Manlove of Child Trends. (reuters.com)
  • South Africa, Botswana, and Zimbabwe have successful family planning programs, but other central and southern African countries continue to encounter difficulties in achieving higher contraceptive prevalence and lower fertility rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gyimah attributes the higher fertility rates of Sub-Saharan African countries compared to other developing countries to "the inter-related factors of early childbearing, high infant mortality, low education and contraceptive use, and persistence of high fertility-sustaining social customs. (wikipedia.org)
  • premature births
  • In an encouraging development, the rate of premature births and low birthweight babies declined after a long upward trend, according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. (reuters.com)
  • women's
  • In some countries, government policies have focused on reducing birth rates by improving women's rights, sexual and reproductive health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ahead of the International Women's Day, celebrated in Russia on March 8, a new policy aimed at boosting the birthrate in the country has been discussed by Russian authorities. (rt.com)
  • 1997
  • The statistics will show that 4.39 percent of Maryland girls between ages 15 and 19 gave birth in 1997, the last year for which figures were available. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The economy would also begin the period with a rise in unemployment rate from 2.2% in 1997 to 4.4% in 2000, and 7.9% in 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • babies
  • As of 2007[update], the average birth rate for the whole world is 20.3 per year per 1000 total population, which for a world population of 6.5 billion comes to 134 million babies per year. (phys.org)
  • The 2012 nationwide rate for premature babies dropped to 11.5%, a 15-year low, according to the March of Dimes Premature Birth Report Card published Friday. (msnbc.com)
  • Without the recent decreasing rates, 176,000 more babies would have been born preterm, Dr. McCabe said. (msnbc.com)
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. teen birth rate rose for a second straight year in 2007 after a long decline and more babies were born to all mothers than even at the peak of the baby boom after World War Two, officials said on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
  • For the first time since 1984 there was a drop in the percentage of babies born with low birth weight, which similarly increases the risk of a baby's health problems. (reuters.com)
  • Dimes
  • We would like to see them go down at a faster rate, but we are pleased," Dr. Edward McCabe, chief medical officer of March of Dimes Foundation, told msnbc. (msnbc.com)
  • The March of Dimes charity said pre-term birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths in the United States, with early births costing more than $26 billion annually. (reuters.com)
  • As November is Prematurity Awareness Month , the March of Dimes today released its annual prematurity birth report card . (cafemom.com)
  • year
  • Compared to other regions, the Arab world has been experiencing one of the fastest population growth rates -- over 2% per year -- which has led to more than its doubling within the last 30 years. (worldfocus.org)
  • The death rate is 7.8 per 1,000 per year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Demographers have told her that fertility rates usually rise a year or two after a recession ends. (deseretnews.com)
  • As of last year, a separate CDC analysis shows an American woman will give birth to an average of 1.88 children over her lifetime, also a record low. (cnn.com)
  • The good news is that overall the United States bumped its grade up from a "D" to a "C" when it comes to reducing the rates of prematurity, and there's been a three-year improvement. (cafemom.com)
  • among
  • Interestingly enough, the study says nothing about that fact that the marriage rate among teenagers is also a lot higher in many of these states, which might help to further explain the link between religion and birth rate. (cafemom.com)
  • The most startling birth rate drop he noted was among young Hispanic women ages 20-25. (deseretnews.com)
  • Continued growth since the early 19th century is attributed to sustained very high birth rates alongside relatively low death rates among settlers and natives alike as well as periodically massive immigration from European countries, especially Germany, Ireland, England, Italy, Greece, Sweden and Norway, as well as Poland, Russia, and many more countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • average
  • Maryland's rate continues to be less than the national average of 5.23 percent. (baltimoresun.com)
  • It looks like Maryland may be doing marginally better in reducing teen birth rates than the average state," said Stanley Henshaw, deputy director of research at the Alan Guttmacher Institute in New York. (baltimoresun.com)
  • world
  • The birth rate has largely been declining since the post-World War II baby boom, but that fall accelerated during the Great Recession, as high unemployment derailed many young people's plans to move out and start families. (cnn.com)
  • Hispanic
  • Since 1990, rates for other races have been falling while the non-Hispanic white rate has been more or less stable, but the two largest groups, Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks, remain higher. (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • Some (including those of Italy and Malaysia) seek to increase the birth rate with financial incentives or provision of support services to new mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Desired birth rate have a significant role in demographics because of modern-day government policy (especially OECD) frustration to increase their birth rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The research, published today in Public Library of Science: Medicine, is the first study to demonstrate a link between a single technological development intervention (in this case, a tapped water supply) and an increase in both birth rate and childhood malnutrition. (nextbillion.net)
  • For the 2010-2015 years, the primary accomplishments in the four main sectors: I. Economics - 16% increase: in production rate of economic sectors that the district managed. (wikipedia.org)
  • 18T-20% increase: in production rate for the service sector that the district managed. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Additional problems faced by a country with a high birth rate include educating a growing number of children, creating jobs for these children when they enter the workforce, and dealing with the environmental impact of a large population. (wikipedia.org)
  • They looked at the nutritional status of women and children (in terms of weight and height) and birth rates in villages where tapped water had been introduced and others where it had not. (nextbillion.net)
  • Experts believe that signs of a slight recovery reflect the expiration of a "tempo effect," as fertility rates accommodate a major shift in the timing and number of children, rather than any positive change. (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • Conversely, other countries have policies to reduce the birth rate (for example, China's one-child policy which was in effect from 1978 to 2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • Measures such as improved information on birth control and its availability have achieved similar results in countries such as Iran. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States has the worst premature birth rate out of the 30 industrialized countries defined by the Convention on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (msnbc.com)
  • teen birth rate
  • New Hampshire has the lowest teen birth rate at just under 16. (csmonitor.com)
  • Some experts blame the teen birth rate increases on the government's support for "abstinence-only" education under the Bush administration that left office in January, but advocates of that approach have defended it as sound. (reuters.com)
  • factors
  • Birth rate and desired birth rates are thought to have a different factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of its nature of relating with psychology the factors that move desired birth rates are lifestyle, religion and culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the factors identified that prevented use of modern birth control methods in a 2008 study in Nigeria were "perceived negative health reaction, fear of unknown effects, cost, spouse's disapproval, religious belief and inadequate information. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to "Equity Analysis: Identifying Who Benefits from Family Planning Programs," the main factors that contribute to unavailability of family planning information and modern birth control methods are low education level, young age, and living in a rural area. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1996 study that included couples in both urban and rural Kenya who did not want have a child, yet were not using birth control, found additional factors that limited birth control use to be traditional practices, such as "naming relatives" and a preference for sons who can give parents more financial security as they age. (wikipedia.org)
  • control
  • Approximately 30% of all women use birth control, although over half of all African women would use birth control if it were available. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main problems that prevent access to and use of birth control are unavailability, poor health care services, spousal disapproval, religious concerns, and misinformation about the effects of birth control. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most available type of birth control is condoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a study done by Nwachukwu and Obasi in Nigeria in 2008, modern birth control methods were used by 30% of respondents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Men are usually the decision makers on birth control use, and therefore should be the targeted audience of educational campaigns. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1996 study in Zambia again cites the importance of educating both men and women and states that single mothers and teenagers should be the primary focus of birth control education. (wikipedia.org)
  • Experts
  • Independent experts question how much influence state programs have on teen birth rates, but a leading expert on teen-age pregnancy said he could not rule out the possibility that Maryland's efforts are having a positive effect. (baltimoresun.com)
  • fell
  • The economy had gradually recovered since 2004 and the overall unemployment rate fell to 3.6% in 2008, however the overall figure rose again to 5.4% in 2009 due to the global economic downturn in the last quarter of 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • As a result of the profound economic and social changes induced by postwar industrialization, including low birth rates, an aging population and thus a shrinking workforce, during the 1980s Italy became to attract rising flows of foreign immigrants. (wikipedia.org)