• glycoprotein
  • Cell-surface glycoproteins are involved in immune response and other cellular recognition phenomena, and strategies to alter glycoprotein biosynthesis based on use of carbohydrate analogues have received much recent attention as a basis for chemotherapeutic drug design. (springer.com)
  • genes
  • Additionally, 18 candidate genes related to lignin biosynthesis and cell wall structure were mapped genetically. (jove.com)
  • It provides resistance to oxidative stress that would regulates a set of genes that increase glucose metabolism and reduce mitochondrial respiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • glycoproteins
  • These reports highlight the crucial role that the cytosol plays in the processing and perhaps generation of free oligosaccharides which are generated during the biosynthesis and quality control of glycoproteins. (rupress.org)
  • In intact cells cytosolic-free oligosaccharides generated during the biosynthesis of glycoproteins are apparently subjected to the actions of these two cytosolic enzymes to yield the linear isomer of Man 5 GlcNAc ( Moore and Spiro, 1994 ). (rupress.org)
  • acid
  • Biosynthesis of uridine diphospho-N-acetylmuramic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amino acids also contribute to cellular energy metabolism by providing a carbon source for entry into the citric acid cycle (tricarboxylic acid cycle), especially when a primary source of energy, such as glucose, is scarce, or when cells undergo metabolic stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • The uridine diphospho-N-acetylmuramyl-alanyl- D -glutamic acid: diamino acid ligase of this organism was purified 700-fold. (springer.com)
  • Mechanism
  • In mammals, there is enrichment of OGT transcripts in the pancreas beta-cells, and UDP-GlcNAc is thought to be part of the glucose sensing mechanism. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • AKT1 stimulates glycolysis by increasing the expression and membrane translocation of glucose transporters and by phosphorylating key glycolytic enzymes, such as hexokinase and phosphofructokinase 2. (wikipedia.org)
  • pyruvate
  • Metabolism is usually divided into two categories: catabolism, the breaking down of organic matter for example, the breaking down of glucose to pyruvate, by cellular respiration, and anabolism, the building up of components of cells such as proteins and nucleic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • residue
  • In this closed conformation, the Gly-34 residue of the A domain interacts with UDP-glucose and forces the substrate to adapt a folded structure, facilitating its donation of the hexosyl group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Involved in the acylation of the 6'' position of the 3- O-glucose residue of anthocyanin. (string-db.org)
  • Involved in the malonylation of the 5-O-glucose residue of anthocyanin. (string-db.org)
  • gene
  • In our previous study, a cellulose biosynthesis-related gene ( bcsR ) was shown to be involved in C. sakazakii adhesion/invasion into epithelial cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Ribostamycin Biosynthetic Gene Cluster in Streptomyces ribosidificus: Comparison With Butirosin Biosynthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biosynthesis of Ribostamycin Derivatives by Reconstitution and Heterologous Expression of Required Gene Sets. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulates
  • In summary, bcsR is a negative regulator of cellulose biosynthesis but positively regulates biofilm formation and the adhesion/invasion ability of C. sakazakii . (frontiersin.org)
  • cells
  • The conversion of glucose to lactate rather than metabolizing it in the mitochondria through oxidative phosphorylation, (which can also occur in hypoxic normal cells) persists in malignant tumor despite the presence of oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • This shift therefore demands that tumor cells implement an abnormally high rate of glucose uptake to meet their increased needs. (wikipedia.org)