• build a biomass
  • In May 2009, Veolia Energy-Dalkia, who had a base in nearby Cramlington, Northumberland and had previously provided cogeneration (CHP) plants for the Newcastle General, Freeman and Royal Victoria Infirmary hospitals in Newcastle, announced their plans to build a biomass fueled CHP power station in the County Durham town of Chilton. (wikipedia.org)
  • In September 2008, the Port of Blyth authority announced that it was planning to build a biomass power station on the redundant Bates Colliery site to the north of Blyth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Woody
  • Energy sources in rural areas can be supplemented by woody, non-woody agro -residue, and degradable aquatic biomass. (slideshare.net)
  • Woody biomass is product of forestry and trees from different agroforestry activities of smaller intensity. (slideshare.net)
  • That said, businesses, schools, even hospitals within the Commonwealth and surrounding states are utilizing woody biomass to both sustainably and affordably meet their heating needs. (mass.gov)
  • The Willow Biomass Project is a collaborative effort by members of the Salix Consortium to grow willow and other sustainable woody crops in upstate New York. (wikipedia.org)
  • The process began in 2010 to create North America's first demonstration of a community-scale version of an internal combustion engine that was based on a combined heat and power (CHP) system fuelled by woody biomass. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plant was originally to use woody biomass material from a number of local forest products and industrial sources, including residues from logging, land clearing activities, pallet manufacturing, furniture and cabinet manufacturing, sawmills, tree trimming and storm damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the company's original proposal, the facility would have used fluidized-bed boiler technology to enable incineration of a wide variety of woody biomass materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • Biomass is organic matter, including plant material that may be considered fuel and used as an energy source. (mass.gov)
  • After the Smurfit-Stone Container Corp.'s linerboard plant in Missoula announced that it was closing permanently, there have been many people including Montana Governor Switzer, Missoula mayor John Engen and Senator Jon Tester, among others who advocate turning the mill into a biomass energy plant. (newwest.net)
  • Burning biomass releases carbon emissions, but has been classed as a renewable energy source in the EU and UN legal frameworks, because plant stocks can be replaced with new growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has become popular among coal power stations, which switch from coal to biomass in order to convert to renewable energy generation without wasting existing generating plant and infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some chemical constituents of plant biomass include lignins, cellulose, and hemicellulose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant energy is produced by crops specifically grown for use as fuel that offer high biomass output per hectare with low input energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant biomass can also be degraded from cellulose to glucose through a series of chemical treatments, and the resulting sugar can then be used as a first-generation biofuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first commercial production plant was created in 1982 and produced almost 900 metric tons of biomass. (wikipedia.org)
  • The percentages of partitioning can be determined with the equation ( d W / d t ) i = P c i ∗ d W / d t {\displaystyle (dW/dt)_{i}=P_{ci}*dW/dt} with dW/dt is the growth rate (dW/dt)i and Pci are the rates of biomass partitioned and the respective partitioning factor for each plant organ i. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to nitrogen as a factor of plant biomass partitioning, other environmental stressors such as water availability play a role. (wikipedia.org)
  • This suggests that there is a limit to which plant biomass allocation responds to water stress and possibly other environmental factors as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Šiauliai Biomass Power Plant is a biomass combined heat and power plant in Šiauliai, Lithuania. (wikipedia.org)
  • terrestrial
  • On average, ants monopolize 15-20% of the terrestrial animal biomass, and in tropical regions where ants are especially abundant, they monopolize 25% or more. (google.com)
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: In search of ant ancestors http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/97/26/14028 'According to H lldobler and Wilson (1990), up to 1/3 (33%) of the terrestrial animal biomass (NOTE: not including aquatic animal, or terrestrial and aquatic flowering plants and microorganisms) was made up of ants and termites. (google.com)
  • In the Brazilian rain forest the biomass of ants exceeds that of terrestrial vertebrates by four times! (google.com)
  • Thus a figure for ants of 15% of all terrestrial animal biomass is not out of line. (google.com)
  • Terrestrial biomass generally decreases markedly at each higher trophic level (plants, herbivores, carnivores). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ocean or marine biomass, in a reversal of terrestrial biomass, can increase at higher trophic levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Virgin biomass includes all naturally occurring terrestrial plants such as trees, bushes and grass. (wikipedia.org)
  • The process uses a mixed culture of naturally occurring microorganisms found in natural habitats such as the rumen of cattle, termite guts, and marine and terrestrial swamps to anaerobically digest biomass into a mixture of carboxylic acids produced during the acidogenic and acetogenic stages of anaerobic digestion, however with the inhibition of the methanogenic final stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • BIOENERGY
  • The European Biomass Association (AEBIOM, from the official French name Association Européenne pour la Biomasse) is a European trade association opens to national biomass associations and bioenergy companies active in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • It utilizes biomass in the form of wood chips which it treats to create fuel for its bioenergy systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • coal
  • Screw extrusion is used to compact biomass into loose, homogeneous briquettes that are substituted for coal in cofiring. (wikipedia.org)
  • The combination of materials usually contains a high carbon emitting substance such as coal and a lesser CO2 emitting material such as biomass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using biomass as a fuel produces air pollution in the form of carbon monoxide, NOx (nitrogen oxides), VOCs (volatile organic compounds), particulates and other pollutants, in some cases at levels above those from traditional fuel sources such as coal or natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oil price increases since 2003 and consequent price increases for natural gas and coal have increased the value of biomass for heat generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sugars
  • Sugars present in this biomass are fermented to produce bioethanol, an alcohol fuel which can be used directly in a fuel cell to produce electricity or serve as an additive to gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • production
  • Biomass: sources, characteristics & preparation:  Sources and classification of biomass available for energy production. (slideshare.net)
  • DIGESTION) FERTILIZER Bio-fuel production from primary biomass may utilize thermo-chemical, biochemical and catalytic conversion processes (see following table) Conversion process chosen depends on the properties of the primary biomass available. (slideshare.net)
  • The estimated biomass production in the world is 104.9 petagrams (104.9 × 1015 g - about 105 billion metric tons) of carbon per year, about half in the ocean and half on land. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apart from bacteria, the total live biomass on Earth is about 560 billion tonnes C, and the total annual primary production of biomass is just over 100 billion tonnes C/yr. (wikipedia.org)
  • A productivity pyramid shows the production or turn-over in biomass at each trophic level. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most common variables of the biomass briquette production process is the way the biomass is dried out. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, plants that are growing in dry conditions often have a decreased total biomass production but they also contribute more of their biomass to the roots and develop a higher root:shoot. (wikipedia.org)
  • On a large scale, the use of biomass removes agricultural land from food production, reduces the carbon sequestration capacity of forests, and extracts nutrients from the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • AEBIOM was founded in 1990 and aims to promote biomass production and application throughout Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The project provides support to the establishment of the European Algae Biomass Association, which promotes mutual interchange and cooperation in the field of algae biomass research, production and use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heating
  • Biomass heating systems generate heat from biomass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Buffer tanks store the hot water the biomass appliance generates and circulates it around the heating system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 2012, BTEC manages the Northeast Biomass Heating Expo, a conference for the renewable heating industry in the Northeast. (wikipedia.org)
  • To achieve the 2015 goal, UBC Climate Action Plan has committed 117 million dollars to three goals: converting steam heating systems to hot water systems, reducing emissions by 22%, optimizing academic building and behavior change programs building tune up program and the UBC biomass research and demonstration facility, which will reduce emissions by 9% for a total of 33% of reduced emissions by UBC from 2007 levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixture
  • As the microoganisms anaerobically digest the biomass and convert it into a mixture of carboxylic acids, the pH must be controlled. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • Biomass is all biologically-produced matter based in carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some applications, biomass is measured as the mass of organically bound carbon (C) that is present. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the biomass is from forests, the time to recapture the carbon stored is generally longer, and the carbon storage capacity of the forest may be reduced overall if destructive forestry techniques are employed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The biomass-is-carbon-neutral proposal put forward in the early 1990s has been superseded by more recent science that recognizes that mature, intact forests sequester carbon more effectively than cut-over areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • heat
  • A biomass combined-heat-and-power (CHP) project in southwest England is beginning the final phase of commissioning and is on track to begin commercial operations in August. (biomassmagazine.com)
  • Biomass briquettes, mostly made of green waste and other organic materials, are commonly used for electricity generation, heat, and cooking fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other areas of the world, inefficient and polluting means to generate heat from biomass coupled with poor forest practices have significantly added to environmental degradation. (wikipedia.org)
  • AFEX Process Conditions Pressure: 20-30 atm Temperature: 70-140 C Residence time: 5-10 minutes Ammonia: biomass loading: 0.3 - 2.0 to 1 w/w Water: biomass content: 0.2 - 2.5 to 1 w/w Catalytic depolymerization is the use of heat and catalysts to separate usable diesel fuel from hydrocarbon wastes. (wikipedia.org)
  • forests
  • For example, in low productivity systems such as boreal forests, trees devote a large portion of their biomass to roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regional Biomass Processing Center is a conceptual place where the AFEX treated biomass can go to biorefineries, farms and forests, and animal feeders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Boiler
  • A suitably sized buffer tank should therefore be considered where the loading of the boiler drops below 50% of the nominal output - in other words unless the biomass component is purely base load, the system should include a buffer tank. (wikipedia.org)
  • producers
  • Summit Chairman Dr. William Strauss, President of FutureMetrics, and Joseph J. James, latest appointee to the Federal Biomass Advisory Committee and President of Agri-Tech Producers, LLC. (prweb.com)
  • Other notable speakers include European utilities, US pellet and biomass producers, port and stevedoring representatives, shippers, rail, barge and trucking companies, supply chain players and various other key stakeholders. (prweb.com)
  • BTEC is an association of biomass fuel producers, appliance manufacturers and distributors, supply chain companies and non-profit organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • fuel
  • In a practical sense, cordwood is the only biomass fuel that can be self-supplied. (mass.gov)
  • In terms of how biomass is used as fuel, percentages were gathered in the United States of 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even today, biomass is the only source of fuel for domestic use in many developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2009 a Swedish study of the giant brown haze that periodically covers large areas in South Asia determined that it had been principally produced by biomass burning, and to a lesser extent by fossil-fuel burning. (wikipedia.org)
  • wood
  • Despite the lucrative opportunities in the biomass industry, there are challenges and obstacles to overcome, such as maintaining wood supply availability, port infrastructure improvements and maximizing logistical efficiency. (prweb.com)
  • To estimate the available wood in a stand I am lookin for a biomass table or a formula like y=b0 + b1*dbh^2 where y is the biomass of the tree and dbh is the diameter at breast height. (bio.net)
  • crop
  • For example, there may be a tradeoff in proteins and carbohydrates allocated towards leaves for photosynthesis or to roots for the process of nutrient uptake.The study of biomass partitioning is important to crop growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • I would doubt that they are 15% of all living things because plants and microorganisms make up a large part of the earth's biomass and the biomass of marine organisms (none of which are ants) is usually not included in such calculations. (google.com)
  • soil
  • Soil nitrogen availability is a strong determinant of biomass allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • But as the soil productivity begins to increase, biomass is primarily allocated to aboveground structures such as leaves and stems. (wikipedia.org)
  • But, when there is an extreme soil drought, there is not an increase in root:shoot biomass. (wikipedia.org)
  • total
  • Recently I came across a factoid which informed us that the total biomass (weight) of ants is greater than the biomass of all human beings. (google.com)
  • For example, in a salmon fishery, the salmon biomass might be regarded as the total wet weight the salmon would have if they were taken out of the water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The total live biomass of bacteria may be as much as that of plants and animals or may be much less. (wikipedia.org)
  • plants
  • In this context, in order to achieve substantial potential of power generation from biomass in the country, MNRE is proposing a separate biomass road map for the 12 th Five Year Plan (2012--17), for which the current study is proposed for studying the performance of existing power plants that utilized the current policies and suitable interventions were sought. (slideshare.net)
  • Overall, nitrogen availability has a strong effect on partitioning, with plants growing in low-nitrogen areas partitioning most of their biomass to underground structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • When plants allocate more of their biomass to their roots, they are able to enhance water absorption by tapping further down into the water table as well as extending further laterally with the aid of increased root hairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • productivity
  • An ecological pyramid is a graphical representation that shows, for a given ecosystem, the relationship between biomass or biological productivity and trophic levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • In other contexts, biomass can be measured in terms of the dried organic mass, so perhaps only 30% of the actual weight might count, the rest being water. (wikipedia.org)
  • food
  • The level with the least biomass are the highest predators in the food chain, such as foxes and eagles. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • The European Algae Biomass Association (EABA), established on June 2, 2009, is the European association representing both research and industry in the field of algae technologies EABA was founded during its inaugural conference on June 1-2nd, 2009 at Villa La Pietra in Florence. (wikipedia.org)