• ecological
  • The campaign promotes novel, integrated approaches to identify and understand the evolutionary and ecological significance of biodiversity amidst the changing environment of the present day and in the geologic past. (nsf.gov)
  • While this focus complements several core NSF programs, it differs by requiring that multiple dimensions of biodiversity be addressed simultaneously, in innovative or novel ways, to understand their synergistic roles in critical ecological and evolutionary processes. (nsf.gov)
  • Valuing Biodiversity from an Economic Perspective: AUnified Economic, Ecological and Genetic Approach ," Working Papers 0301, University of Crete, Department of Economics. (repec.org)
  • Valuing Biodiversity from an Economic Perspective: A Unified Economic, Ecological, and Genetic Approach ," American Economic Review , American Economic Association, pages 1597-1614. (repec.org)
  • Valuing biodiversity from an economic perspective : a unified economic, ecological and genetic approach ," Working papers 17, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems. (repec.org)
  • In agricultural ecosystems, biodiversity is instrumentally important not only for the production of food, but for other ecological services as well, including the recycling of nutrients, regulation of microclimate and local hydrological processes, suppression of undesirable organisms and detoxification of noxious chemicals. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, also viable are so-called "averted loss" biodiversity offsets, in which measures are taken to prevent ecological degradation from occurring where it almost certainly would have happened otherwise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note that biodiversity offsets can be considered a very specific, robust and transparent category of ecological compensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecological effects of biodiversity are usually counteracted by its loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major factors for biotic stress and the ensuing accelerating loss rate are, amongst other threats: Habitat loss and degradation Land use intensification (and ensuing land loss/habitat loss) has been identified to be a significant factor in loss of ecological services due to direct effects as well as biodiversity loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Alberta, Canada, Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute (ABMI) researchers use the oil sands industry of Alberta as a case study in their paper in which they evaluated the commonly used and costly ecological equivalency-based biodiversity offset in terms of economic and ecological performance with more flexible alternative offset systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • They found that flexible alternative systems like the priority-focused offsetting networks, cost 2-17 times less than the ecological equivalency-based biodiversity offset vegetation cost 2-17 times more than priority-focused networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • high-biodiversity
  • Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) is a global program that provides funding and technical assistance to nongovernmental organizations and participation to protect the Earth's richest regions of plant and animal diversity including: biodiversity hotspots, high-biodiversity wilderness areas and important marine regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • HABITATS
  • Under many offset systems, receptor sites are areas of land put forward by companies or individuals looking to receive payment in return for creating (or restoring) biodiversity habitats on their property. (wikipedia.org)
  • losses
  • The aim of biodiversity offsets is not simply to provide financial compensation for the biodiversity losses associated with development, although developers might pay financial compensation in some cases if it can be demonstrated exactly what the physical biodiversity gains achieved by that compensation will be. (wikipedia.org)
  • The type of environmental compensation provided by biodiversity offsetting is different from similar systems in that it must show both measurable and long-term biodiversity improvements, that can be demonstrated to counteract losses. (wikipedia.org)
  • They used ABMI's "empirically derived index of biodiversity intactness to link offsets with losses incurred by development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biodiversity informatics (different but linked to bioinformatics) is the application of information technology methods to the problems of organizing, accessing, visualizing and analyzing primary biodiversity data. (wikipedia.org)
  • In September 2000, the U.S. journal Science devoted a special issue to "Bioinformatics for Biodiversity", the journal "Biodiversity Informatics" commenced publication in 2004, and several international conferences through the 2000s have brought together Biodiversity Informatics practitioners, including the London e-Biosphere conference in June 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • A supplement to the journal BMC Bioinformatics (Volume 10 Suppl 14) published in November 2009 also deals with Biodiversity Informatics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Naturalis has partnered with ETI Bioinformatics in support of the Catalogue of Life (CoL), and is working with the Global Biodiversity Information Facility. (wikipedia.org)
  • phylogenetic
  • Projects funded by the Dimensions of Biodiversity Program are now required to format and deposit phylogenetic character matrices and trees within the Open Tree of Life Project. (nsf.gov)
  • fauna
  • The Borneo is located in Sunda Shelf which is an extensive region in Southeast Asia of immense importance in terms of biodiversity, biogeography and phylogeography of fauna and flora that had attracted AR Wallace and biologists all over the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • More than a year in the making, the show features works of art by 30 artists, each exploring the interdependence of nature - and in particular the way humans affect biodiversity. (newscientist.com)
  • livestock
  • Agricultural biodiversity is the basis of our agricultural food chain, developed and safeguarded by farmers, livestock breeders, forest workers, fishermen and indigenous peoples throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • marine
  • Marine biodiversity tends to be highest along coasts in the Western Pacific, where sea surface temperature is highest and in the mid-latitudinal band in all oceans. (wikipedia.org)
  • For biodiversity offsets in marine environments, receptor sites might be subject to multiple management organisations and not necessarily owned by anyone. (wikipedia.org)
  • According
  • According to correspondence reproduced by Walter Berendsohn, the term "Biodiversity Informatics" was coined by John Whiting in 1992 to cover the activities of an entity known as the Canadian Biodiversity Informatics Consortium, a group involved with fusing basic biodiversity information with environmental economics and geospatial information in the form of GPS and GIS. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, by 2004, interest in voluntary biodiversity offsets was growing in the United States, Brazil, Australia, Canada and the EU. (wikipedia.org)
  • drops
  • Since life began on Earth, five major mass extinctions and several minor events have led to large and sudden drops in biodiversity. (wikipedia.org)
  • priority
  • A recent series of papers has pointed out that biodiversity hotspots (and many other priority region sets) do not address the concept of cost. (wikipedia.org)
  • compensation
  • An exception is also in place in this governmental law which allows companies to buy up the land nonetheless, if they also buy a certain amount of compensation credits with a certified biodiversity bank. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Nutritional biodiversity encourages the consumption of about 10 - 15 different green vegetables over a period of a fortnight, rather than the same green vegetable every day for that same period. (wikipedia.org)
  • cope
  • Biodiversity informatics may also have to cope with managing information from unnamed taxa such as that produced by environmental sampling and sequencing of mixed-field samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • million
  • The Phanerozoic eon (the last 540 million years) marked a rapid growth in biodiversity via the Cambrian explosion-a period during which the majority of multicellular phyla first appeared. (wikipedia.org)
  • transform
  • The goal of the Dimensions of Biodiversity campaign is to transform, by 2020, how we describe and understand the scope and role of life on Earth. (nsf.gov)