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  • myocardial beta
  • The present study was carried out to determine, first, the cardiac beta -adrenergic receptor characteristics of normal chickens and chickens with heart failure and, second, the characteristics of myocardial beta -adrenergic receptors in non-hypertrophied hearts in broilers exposed to two different altitude and temperature programmes. (kuleuven.be)
  • Myocardial beta-adrenergic receptor expression and signal transduction after chronic volume-overload hypertrophy and circulatory congestion. (ahajournals.org)
  • Thus, a primary defect in intrinsic contractile function is not a necessary component for abnormalities of the myocardial beta AR-responsive adenylyl cyclase pathway. (ahajournals.org)
  • Microglobulin
  • Cross-sectional study to assess the behavior of Beta-2 microglobulin and serum cytokines TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 as indicators of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) failure. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Demographic, clinical and HAART data were reviewed, and Beta-2 microglobulin, serum cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10), HIV-1 genotyping, plasma viral load and CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes tests were performed. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To assess the behavior of Beta-2 microglobulin as indicator of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) failure. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This phenomenon is not observed in beta 2-microglobulin-deficient mice, showing that a fraction of CD4+8- thymocytes, enriched in V beta 8.2+ cells, is selected by class I molecules in normal mice, as are a large proportion of CD4-8- alpha beta TCR+ thymocytes. (rupress.org)
  • Three capillary dialyzers, with highly permeable membranes, have been compared for their capacity of epuration of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, phosphorus, uric acid and beta 2 microglobulin, and for their respective protein losses. (semanticscholar.org)
  • About beta 2 microglobulin, filtered quantities are not correlated to changes in serum levels, suggesting the presence of other mechanisms (adsorption on the membrane and generation during hemodialysis) which influence, together with epuration, perdialytic changes of serum beta 2 microglobulin concentrations. (semanticscholar.org)
  • What does Beta-2-microglobulin stand for? (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In this study an attempt was made to correlate plasma levels of immune activation markers neopterin, beta-2-microglobulin ([beta]2M), and soluble tumour necrosis factor alpha-receptor type I (sTNF[alpha]-RI) with the presence of active TB in HIV-infected and uninfected individuals, and to study the changes following anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In this continuing study, our new goal was to compare the diagnostic potential of beta-2-microglobulin ($2M) with that of six other tumor antigens for breast, ovarian, testicular and prostate cancers. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The three target proteins - beta-2-microglobulin , cystatin C, and retinol binding protein - are FDA approved clinical markers for in-vitro diagnosis of kidney disease and renal failure. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Beta-2-microglobulin is a low-molecular-weight (11. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Evaluation showed a statistically significant drop of the pre-dialysis level of the toxin beta-2-microglobulin (Beta(2)m) compared to baseline levels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Several studies have shown a reduction in many inflammation-related parameters, better nutritional indices, reduced beta-2-microglobulin levels, and improved anemia management achieved with less erythropoietin stimulating agents when hemodialysis patients are treated with ultrapure dialysate, in comparison with standard dialysate. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In an article appearing in the December 2007 issue of the JASMS, researchers at Leeds describe the successful separation and analysis of various folded forms of the proteins cytochrome c and beta-2-microglobulin , an achievement the Ashcroft Laboratory hopes will lead to a more complete understanding of the biological processes responsible for amyloid fibril formation, bacterial pilus aggregation and virus capsid assembly -- all associated with debilitating diseases. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, Nephros' Mid-Dilution HDF showed an 18% improvement in phosphate clearance over HD, as well as a statistically significant improvement in clearances and removal percentages for beta-2-Microglobulin ("b2M") and leptin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Beta-2-microglobulin (b2m), Cystatin-C (cyc), and Retinol- binding protein (rbp). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Barril concluded that Mid-Dilution HDF therapy is an effective alternative to standard HDF, enabling high convective transport (thereby more effectively removing larger toxins associated with malnutrition, infection, a range of other maladies and mortality in the ESRD patient), with (1) effective removal of Beta-2-microglobulin , (2) adequate balance of adipocytokines, relating to increases in appetite and (3) an overall improved distribution of fluids and body composition. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • changes
  • Thus, changes in beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) expression should reflect more directly the influence of neurohumoral adrenergic tone, clarifying the manner in which peripheral (neurohumoral) versus primary myocardial factors are operative in decreased beta AR-dependent signal transduction. (ahajournals.org)
  • cells
  • The density of beta -adrenergic receptors was significantly lower in myocardial cells in right ventricular failure birds compared with healthy birds. (kuleuven.be)
  • heart
  • Heart rate responsiveness to beta AR stimulation was blunted, with ED50, for isoproterenol increased 133% (p less than 0.001) after development of circulatory congestion. (ahajournals.org)
  • together
  • We analyzed the phenotype and V beta-T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire, together with interleukin 7 receptor (IL-7R) expression in unfractionated thymocytes stimulated in vitro with IL-7. (rupress.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] In statistics, beta may represent type II error, or regression slope. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cytogenetic location of the gene is 4q24, furthermore the condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner The pathophysiology of this condition, is better comprehended, if one first looks at the normal function of beta-mannosidase such as its function of breaking down disaccharides[medical citation needed] Beta-mannosidase function is consistent with: A diagnosis of beta-mannosidosis is suspected based on the persons clinical presentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classic beta phenomenon experiment[citation needed] involved a viewer watching a screen, upon which the experimenter projected two images in succession. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • An enzyme called beta-lactamase is present in many different types of bacteria, which serves to 'break' the beta lactam ring, which effectively nullifies the antibiotic's effectiveness. (princeton.edu)
  • As a response to bacterial resistance to beta-lactam drugs, there are drugs, such as Augmentin / CLA , that are designed to disable the beta-lactamase enzyme. (princeton.edu)
  • Beta-secretase 1 ( BACE1 ), also known as beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 , beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 , membrane-associated aspartic protease 2 , memapsin-2 , aspartyl protease 2 , and ASP2 , is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the BACE1 gene . (wikipedia.org)
  • Drugs to block this enzyme (BACE inhibitors) in theory would prevent the buildup of beta-amyloid and (per the Amyloid hypothesis ) may help slow or stop Alzheimers disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta-mannosidosis, also called lysosomal beta-mannosidase deficiency, is a disorder of oligosaccharide metabolism caused by decreased activity of the enzyme beta-mannosidase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toxin
  • C. perfringens beta toxin is susceptible to breakdown by proteolytic enzymes, particularly trypsin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta toxin is therefore highly lethal to infant mammals because of trypsin inhibitors present in the colostrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. perfringens beta toxin shows 28% homology with S. aureus alpha toxin and similar homology to S. aureus gamma-toxin and leukocidin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first 27 amino acids may encode a signal that allows beta toxin to cross the cell membrane, further evidenced by the presence of beta toxin in extracellular fluid of C. perfringens cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because C. perfringens beta toxin shares homology with S. aureus pore-forming alpha toxin, it was hypothesized that beta toxin acts in a similar way. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upon investigation, it was found that C. perfringens beta toxin forms cation-selective pores in cell membranes of 1.6-1.8 nm and results in swelling and lysis in HL60 cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment of these cells with beta toxin induces an efflux of K+ and influxes of Ca2+, Cl− and Na+. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further work on beta toxin has been hampered by its ineffectiveness on many readily available cell lines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta toxin is the principal disease causing toxin in C. perfringens type B infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the disease process, C. perfringens penetrates the upper jejunum between absorptive cells and releases beta toxin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta toxin causes necrosis of the villi and mucosa, often causing blood loss into the lumen and intestinal wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is primarily fatal to animals 1-3 days old, whose digestive enzymes may not be sufficiently active to break down beta toxin. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • Beta thalassemia happens when the gene that controls the production of beta globin is defective. (kidshealth.org)
  • Mosimann C, Hausmann G, Basler K. Beta-catenin hits chromatin: regulation of Wnt target gene activation. (springer.com)
  • Depending on your family history, if your parents or grandparents suffered from beta thalassemia there is a high probability of the mutated gene being inherited by an offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Leeuwen
  • List of nearest bright stars Beta Hydri in fiction van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653-664, arXiv:0708.1752 , Bibcode:2007A&A...474. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=599245 on 2017-12-06 Photograph of Cuthona beta - Kurasaki Beach, Amami Ōshima. (wikipedia.org)
  • glucose
  • There are a host of benefits of beta hydroxybutyrate, but it is primarily known as a fuel source in the absence of glucose. (nootropedia.com)
  • Within 24 - 72 hours without food, the body no longer uses glucose as the main fuel support system, which is when ketones like beta hydroxybutyrate kick into production. (nootropedia.com)
  • Many of the long-term and neuroprotective benefits of beta hydroxybutyrate are closely linked to reduced carbohydrate and glucose consumption as well . (nootropedia.com)
  • Beta-glucosidase catalyzes the hydrolysis of the glycosidic bonds to terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides and oligosaccharides, with release of glucose. (wikipedia.org)
  • rays
  • In physics a stream of unbound energetic electrons is commonly referred to as beta radiation or beta rays. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alpha rays could be stopped by thin sheets of paper or aluminium, whereas beta rays could penetrate several millimetres of aluminium. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1900, Becquerel measured the mass-to-charge ratio (m/e) for beta particles by the method of J.J. Thomson used to study cathode rays and identify the electron. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • Plaques form when protein pieces called beta-amyloid (BAY-tuh AM-uh-loyd) clump together. (alz.org)
  • Beta-amyloid comes from a larger protein found in the fatty membrane surrounding nerve cells. (alz.org)
  • Regulation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling by protein kinases. (springer.com)
  • Zhurinsky J, Shtutman M. Ben-Ze'ev A. Plakoglobin and beta-catenin: protein interactions, regulation and biological roles. (springer.com)
  • Because all the coding sections may still be present, normal hemoglobin may be produced and the added material, if it produces pathology, instead disrupts regulatory functions enough to produce anemia.Hemoblogin's normal alpha and beta subunits each have an iron-containing central portion (heme) that allows the protein chain of a subunit to fold around it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • Because of its rarity, and non-specific clinical findings, beta-mannosidosis can go undiagnosed until adulthood, where it can present with intellectual disability and behavioral problems, including aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • The phi phenomenon can be considered to be an apparent movement caused by luminous impulses in sequence, (that is to say, it is lights going on and off at regular intervals), whereas the beta movement is an apparent movement caused by lights that do not move, but seem to. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1992
  • Beta (Hindi: बेटा, translation: Son) is a 1992 Indian Hindi drama film, directed by Indra Kumar, and written by Naushir Khatau and Kamlesh Pandey. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta was the highest-grossing Bollywood film of 1992. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • Takemaru K-I, Ohmitsu M, Li F-Q. An oncogenic hub: beta-catenin as a molecular target for cancer therapeutics. (springer.com)
  • symptoms
  • Babies with beta thalassemia major often seem healthy immediately after birth but start to develop symptoms within the first 2 years of life. (kidshealth.org)
  • acid
  • Augmentin / CLA (FGP) is made of amoxicillin , a beta-lactam antibiotic, and clavulanic acid , a beta-lactamase inhibitor. (princeton.edu)
  • The clavulanic acid is designed to overwhelm all beta-lactamase enzymes, bind irreversibly to them, and effectively serve as an antagonist so that the amoxicillin is not affected by the beta-lactamase enzymes. (princeton.edu)
  • refers
  • The term "beta" refers to advice on how to successfully complete a particular climbing route, boulder problem, or crux sequence. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Chinese, 河鼓 (Hé Gŭ), meaning River Drum, refers to an asterism consisting of Beta Aquilae, Altair and Gamma Aquilae. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • However, because the October event occurs at night, it is far more visible and better known than the Beta Taurids, which peak the during daylight hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • There are few known side effects of beta hydroxybutyrate when consumed in the recommended dosage ranges. (nootropedia.com)
  • Beta Regio is a region of the planet Venus known as a volcanic rise. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two types of beta decay are known as beta minus and beta plus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta decay conserves a quantum number known as the lepton number, or the number of electrons and their associated neutrinos (other leptons are the muon and tau particles). (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, Beta Aquilae itself is known as 河鼓一 (Hé Gŭ yī, English: the First Star of River Drum. (wikipedia.org)
  • neither
  • Neither the beta particle nor its associated neutrino exist within the nucleus prior to beta decay, but are created in the decay process. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Individuals with beta thalassemia major usually present within the first two years of life with severe anemia, poor growth, and skeletal abnormalities during infancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Cellulases ( endoglucanases ), cellobiosidases ( exoglucanases ), and beta-glucosidases are required by organisms (some fungi , bacteria ) that can consume it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacteria can, however, become resistant against beta-lactam antibiotics by expressing beta-lactamase . (princeton.edu)
  • probability
  • The probability of a nuclide decaying due to beta and other forms of decay is determined by its nuclear binding energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Beta is often used to denote a variable in mathematics and physics, where it often has specific meanings for certain applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • The beta phenomenon is often confused with the phi phenomenon but they are quite different physiologically. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Diets that are low in carbohydrates and high in fatty acids can either prompt the body to produce ketone bodies, such as beta hydroxybutyrate, or allow people to consume them exogenously (outside the body) instead. (nootropedia.com)
  • The benefits of beta hydroxybutyrate are not only for people who are currently experiencing nutritional ketosis. (nootropedia.com)
  • Beta thalassemia can cause anemia ranging from mild to severe and is more common in people of Mediterranean, African, and Southeast Asian descent. (kidshealth.org)
  • release
  • Notung-DM is a beta release and may be buggy. (cmu.edu)
  • If it was full release, I could understand, but at beta level it's more about testing game limits than providing a complete game experience. (escapistmagazine.com)
  • alpha and beta
  • In 1899, Ernest Rutherford separated radioactive emissions into two types: alpha and beta (now beta minus), based on penetration of objects and ability to cause ionization. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • In nuclear physics, beta decay (β-decay) is a type of radioactive decay in which a beta ray (fast energetic electron or positron) and a neutrino are emitted from an atomic nucleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, beta decay of a neutron transforms it into a proton by the emission of an electron, or conversely a proton is converted into a neutron by the emission of a positron (positron emission), thus changing the nuclide type. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electron capture is sometimes included as a type of beta decay, because the basic nuclear process, mediated by the weak force, is the same. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • This is some of the only published literature about the performance enhancing effects of beta hydroxybutyrate, though there are several self-experiments. (nootropedia.com)
  • The beta-lactam ring is part of the structure of several antibiotic families, the principal ones being the penicillins , cephalosporins , carbapenems , and monobactams , which are, therefore, also called beta-lactam antibiotics . (princeton.edu)
  • Beta" can be used to refer to several consumer and professional videotape formats developed by Japan's Sony Corporation. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The most damaging form of beta-amyloid may be groups of a few pieces rather than the plaques themselves. (alz.org)
  • This is the most severe form of beta thalassemia. (kidshealth.org)
  • These Beta Taurids are the same meteoroid stream as the Taurids (which form a meteor shower in late October). (wikipedia.org)
  • Human
  • Thymosin β15 : Levels of human thymosin β15 in urine have shown promise as a diagnostic marker for prostate cancer which is sensitive to potential aggressiveness of the tumour Thymosin beta-4 was allegedly used by some players in various Australian football codes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Review
  • Review the beta design for Hashbabble and provide feedback here for a free list of all your Twitter followers (any account, even if you've already checked out the potential new Instagram design). (google.com)
  • 2004. Invited review: beta-lactoglobulin: binding properties, structure, and function. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The initial affected individual described in 1986 had a complex phenotype, and was later found to have both beta-mannosidosis and Sanfilippo syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • name
  • The name Beta was used as a name during the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season as Hurricane Beta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta Breuil was the professional name and nom de plume of Elizabeth Donner Vanderveer. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Kids who have beta thalassemia can end up with too much iron in their bodies, either from the disease itself or from getting repeated blood transfusions. (kidshealth.org)
  • Increased gastrointestinal iron absorption is seen in all grades of beta thalassemia and increased red blood cell destruction by the spleen due to ineffective erythropoiesis further releases additional iron into the bloodstream. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • A beta-lactam ring ( β -lactam) is a lactam with a heteroatomic ring structure , consisting of three carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom . (princeton.edu)
  • Such experiments interestingly show an unusual but important intermediate composed purely of alpha helices, despite the fact that the native structure is beta sheet. (wikipedia.org)
  • production
  • Betacam, including Beta SP and DigiBeta, is a family of professional videotape formats launched in 1982 that was the de facto standard for professional video, advertising, and television production through the 2000s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plus
  • while in beta plus (β+) decay, a proton is converted to a neutron and the process creates a positron and an electron neutrino. (wikipedia.org)