• pulmonary
  • Thus, it is likely that some patients are mistakenly diagnosed with LPR, and investigation of other causes of laryngeal symptoms (allergy, sinus, or pulmonary disease) should be considered for patients who fail to respond to LPR measures. (uptodate.com)
  • cancers
  • Many laryngeal cancers can be treated with endoscopic and laser surgery which can yield a high cure rate while preserving the voice and leaving no external scars. (alphasurg.com)
  • infection
  • 2 It is an important symptom of laryngeal disease presenting in general practice, and ranges from the very common, trivial, self-limiting condition of viral upper respiratory tract infection to a life-threatening disorder (see Table 57.1 ). (mhmedical.com)
  • For patients in need of tracheal intubation to receive oral drugs, an oversized tube, excessive movement of the tube, or infection can lead to contact granulomas, but this is rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • trauma
  • The major etiologic factors of contact granulomas have been organized into the following categories: Mechanical issues resulting in contact granulomas are related to physical trauma at the level of the vocal folds. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Contact granulomas can be physically identified and diagnosed by observing the presence of proliferative tissue originating from the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage. (wikipedia.org)