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  • enzymology
  • In enzymology, a chorismate lyase (EC 4.1.3.40) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction chorismate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4-hydroxybenzoate + pyruvate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, chorismate, and two products, 4-hydroxybenzoate and pyruvate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a S-ribosylhomocysteine lyase (EC 4.4.1.21) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-(5-deoxy-D-ribos-5-yl)-L-homocysteine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } L-homocysteine + (4S)-4,5-dihydroxypentan-2,3-dione Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, S-(5-deoxy-D-ribos-5-yl)-L-homocysteine, and two products, L-homocysteine and (4S)-4,5-dihydroxypentan-2,3-dione. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a selenocysteine lyase (EC 4.4.1.16) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-selenocysteine + reduced acceptor ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } selenide + L-alanine + acceptor Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-selenocysteine and reduced acceptor, whereas its 3 products are selenide, L-alanine, and acceptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a S-alkylcysteine lyase (EC 4.4.1.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an S-alkyl-L-cysteine + water ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an alkyl thiol + ammonia + pyruvate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-alkyl-L-cysteine and water, whereas its three products are alkyl thiol, ammonia, and pyruvate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a cysteine-S-conjugate beta-lyase (EC 4.4.1.13) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction RS-CH2-CH(NH3+)COO- ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } RSH + NH3 + pyruvate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, [[RS-CH2-CH(NH3+)COO-]], but 3 products: RSH, NH3, and pyruvate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a phosphatidylinositol diacylglycerol-lyase (EC 4.6.1.13) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol, and two products, 1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate and 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • In contrast to esterases, serine proteases, lipases and other enzymes in this family, the nucleophile in hydroxynitrile lyases functions as a proton acceptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present invention relates to the identification, production and use of thermostable alginate lyase enzymes that can be used to partially degrade alginate to yield oligosaccharides or to give complete degradation of alginate to yield (unsaturated) mono-uronates. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Adenylosuccinate lyase is part of the β-elimination superfamily of enzymes and it proceeds through an E1cb reaction mechanism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) belong to the lyase family of enzymes and catalyze the reversible reaction of carbon dioxide hydration to bicarbonate ion and proton. (hindawi.com)
  • protein
  • 6. An isolated protein comprising an enzymatically active alginate lyase sequence having a thermostable alginate lyase activity. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 12. The isolated protein of claim 6 having a thermostable alginate lyase activity on alginate oligo/polysaccharides such that it preferentially cleaves M-G bonds and less preferentially G-G or M-M or G-M bonds. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 15. The isolated protein of claim 6 having a thermostable alginate lyase activity on alginate oligo/polysaccharides such that it preferentially cleaves M-M in an Exo-fashion and yielding preferentially monosugars. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the HMG-CoA lyase family. (nih.gov)
  • Delta-crystallin shares around 90% sequence identity with arginosuccinate lyase, showing that it is an example of a 'hijacked' enzyme - accumulated mutations have, however, rendered the protein enzymatically inactive. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • novel
  • 3-HMG Coenzyme A Lyase Deficiency: Macrocephaly and Left Ventricular Noncompaction with a Novel Mutation. (nih.gov)
  • In this study, we identify and biochemically characterise a periplasmic novel broad-spectrum ulvan lyase from Formosa agariphila KMM 3901. (chalmers.se)
  • In contrast to the previously described ulvan lyases, this novel lyase is mostly composed of α-helices that form an (α/α)6incomplete toroid domain and displays a remarkably broad-spectrum activity. (chalmers.se)
  • This novel lyase is the first member of a new family of ulvan lyases. (chalmers.se)
  • Selenocysteine lyase, a novel enzyme that specifically acts on selenocysteine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthase
  • Other names in common use include 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylate synthase, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthetase, aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid synthase, aminocyclopropanecarboxylate synthase, ACC synthase, and S-adenosyl-L-methionine methylthioadenosine-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include (2R)-phospho-3-sulfolactate synthase, and (2R)-O-phospho-3-sulfolactate sulfo-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include 3',5'-cyclic-CMP synthase, cytidylyl cyclase, cytidyl cyclase, and CTP diphosphate-lyase (cyclizing). (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • Ulvan, which is one of the major structural polysaccharides of the cell walls of green macroalgae, is degraded by ulvan lyases via the β-elimination mechanism with the release of oligosaccharides that have unsaturated 4-deoxy-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosiduronic acid (∆) at the non-reducing end. (chalmers.se)
  • different
  • There are several different names for chorismate lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • it is also called chorismate pyruvate lyase (4-hydroxybenzoate-forming) and it is also abbreviated several different ways: CPL, CL, and ubiC. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Commonly studied (S)-selective hydroxynitrile lyases include MeHNL from Manihot esculenta and HbHNL from Hevea brasiliensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include alpha-hydroxyglycine amidating dealkylase, peptidyl-alpha-hydroxyglycine alpha-amidating lyase, HGAD, PGL, PAL, and peptidylamidoglycolate peptidylamide-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include DNA-4,6-diamino-5-formamidopyrimidine 8-C,9-N-lyase (cyclizing), DNA-4,6-diamino-5-formamidopyrimidine 8-C,9-N-lyase (cyclizing, and DNA-adenine-forming). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include beta-chloro-D-alanine dehydrochlorinase, and 3-chloro-D-alanine chloride-lyase (deaminating). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include monophosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase, phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, 1-phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase, 1-phosphatidyl-D-myo-inositol inositolphosphohydrolase, (cyclic-phosphate-forming), 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol diacylglycerol-lyase, and (1,2-cyclic-phosphate-forming). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include glutathione-dependent formaldehyde-activating enzyme, Gfa, and S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione formaldehyde-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydro-lyase
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is (R,R)-tartrate hydro-lyase (oxaloacetate-forming). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include tartrate dehydratase, tartaric acid dehydrase, L-tartrate dehydratase, L-(+)-tartaric acid dehydratase, and (R,R)-tartrate hydro-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is (6R)-6-(L-erythro-1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4a-hydroxy pterin hydro-lyase [(6R)-6-(L-erythro-1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-7,8-dihydro-6H-pterin-formin g]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include 4alpha-hydroxy-tetrahydropterin dehydratase, pterin-4alpha-carbinolamine dehydratase, and 4a-hydroxytetrahydrobiopterin hydro-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is 16alpha-hydroxyprogesterone hydro-lyase (16,17-didehydroprogesterone-forming). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include hydroxyprogesterone dehydroxylase, 16alpha-hydroxyprogesterone dehydroxylase, 16alpha-dehydroxylase, and 16alpha-hydroxyprogesterone hydro-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymology
  • In enzymology, a deoxyribodipyrimidine photo-lyase (EC 4.1.99.3) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction cyclobutadipyrimidine (in DNA) ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2 pyrimidine residues (in DNA) Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, cyclobutadipyrimidine (in DNA), and one product, pyrimidine residues (in DNA). (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, an oxalyl-CoA decarboxylase (OXC) (EC 4.1.1.8) is an enzyme primarily produced by the gastrointestinal bacterium Oxalobacter formigenes that catalyzes the chemical reaction oxalyl-CoA ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } formyl-CoA + CO2 OXC belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases (decarboxylases), which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a S-ribosylhomocysteine lyase (EC 4.4.1.21) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-(5-deoxy-D-ribos-5-yl)-L-homocysteine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } L-homocysteine + (4S)-4,5-dihydroxypentan-2,3-dione Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, S-(5-deoxy-D-ribos-5-yl)-L-homocysteine, and two products, L-homocysteine and (4S)-4,5-dihydroxypentan-2,3-dione. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a citryl-CoA lyase (EC 4.1.3.34) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction (3S)-citryl-CoA ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } acetyl-CoA + oxaloacetate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, (3S)-citryl-CoA, and two products, acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate. (wikipedia.org)
  • names
  • Other names in common use include strictosidine synthetase, STR, and 3-alpha(S)-strictosidine tryptamine-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include 2'-carboxybenzalpyruvate aldolase, (3E)-4-(2-carboxyphenyl)-2-oxobut-3-enoate, 2-carboxybenzaldehyde-lyase, and (3Z)-4-(2-carboxyphenyl)-2-oxobut-3-enoate 2-formylbenzoate-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several different names for chorismate lyase. (wikipedia.org)