• methods
  • In a context of deteriorating civil infrastructure and limited funds available to ensure their functionality and safety, there is a need for accurate assessment methods leading to a better allocation of the available resources and a timely detection of abnormal behaviours. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Unlike most hydrochemistry studies, the method used makes no a priori assumptions about the complexity of the dynamics (e.g., number of flow-paths), but instead uses objective statistical methods to define these (together with uncertainty analysis). (environmental-expert.com)
  • Multiple host feeding and flexibility in blood feeding behaviour have important implications for malaria transmission, malaria control, and the effectiveness of intervention and monitoring methods, particularly those that target human-feeding vectors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Characterizing the malaria vector species composition in Indonesia is critical to determine suitable methods for collection and the potential impact of interventions that exploit vector feeding behaviours. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Methods of probability theory also apply to descriptions of complex systems given only partial knowledge of their state, as in statistical mechanics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical methods were used confidently. (wikipedia.org)
  • The department holds particular expertise in multivariate statistical methods for measurement, life-course epidemiology and the analysis of experimental, genetic and neuropsychiatric data. (wikipedia.org)
  • He published extensively on methods for causal inference and the behavior of standard statistical models under non-standard conditions - for example, how regression models behave when fitted to data from randomized experiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • He characterized circumstances in which the methods continue to perform well, and those where they break down-regardless of the quality of the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • The authors emphasize: Personality tests require conscious application of methods and strategies of multimodal diagnostics, i.e., saveguards and critical interpretation. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • 6 Feedback on prescribing, giving information on aggregated data, may thus not be sufficient to change behaviour. (bmj.com)
  • Thus, cognitive biases may sometimes lead to perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, illogical interpretation, or what is broadly called irrationality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interpretivist social scientists, by contrast, may use social critique or symbolic interpretation rather than constructing empirically falsifiable theories, and thus treat science in its broader sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mathematical
  • Mathematical model simulations indicate that this pattern of behaviour could explain the greater excess mortality that was recorded among males, given a recent - last 4-5 years - escalation of the HIV epidemic in rural areas. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Mathematical model projections, based on our understanding of the predominant behaviour pattern and fitted to observed trends in HIV prevalence, also indicate that further increases in adult and early childhood mortality are to be expected. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The paradox is used in mathematical statistics teaching to illustrate the care statisticians need to take when interpreting data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there are several different probability interpretations, probability theory treats the concept in a rigorous mathematical manner by expressing it through a set of axioms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The origin of multifractality in sequential (time series) data has been attributed to mathematical convergence effects related to the central limit theorem that have as foci of convergence the family of statistical distributions known as the Tweedie exponential dispersion models as well as the geometric Tweedie models. (wikipedia.org)
  • Freedman was a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Statistical Association and an elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • observations
  • If an individual series of observations is generated from simulations that employ a given variance of noise that equals the observed variance of our data series of interest, and a given length (say, 100 points), a large number of such simulated series (say, 100,000 series) can be generated. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be due to incidental systematic error or flaws in the theory that generated an assumed family of probability distributions, or it may be that some observations are far from the center of the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of normally distributed data, the three sigma rule means that roughly 1 in 22 observations will differ by twice the standard deviation or more from the mean, and 1 in 370 will deviate by three times the standard deviation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The model overfits the particular data or observations rather than fitting a generalizable pattern in a general population. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy
  • Even though it is never too late to change behaviour, it is preferable to have a healthy diet and be physically active from an early age in order to promote optimal growth and development. (springer.com)
  • largely
  • Data is largely dependent upon reporting and recording practices, and is unlikely to accurately represent the incidence of domestic violence against women in New Zealand. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • Women with HIV infection are reported as having lower fertility than other women in Ugandan studies and results from our research in Manicaland indicate that behaviour changes which would tend to re-enforce the existing decline in birth rates may be beginning to occur . (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Outlier points can therefore indicate faulty data, erroneous procedures, or areas where a certain theory might not be valid. (wikipedia.org)
  • As illustrated in this case, outliers may indicate data points that belong to a different population than the rest of the sample set. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • These 100,000 series can then be analysed individually to calculate estimated trends in each series, and these results establish a distribution of estimated trends that are to be expected from such random data - see diagram. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Statistical bias results from an unfair sampling of a population, or from an estimation process that does not give accurate results on average. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two major results in probability theory describing such behaviour are the law of large numbers and the central limit theorem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two of his earlier results (1963 and 1965) investigate whether or not and under what circumstances a Bayesian learning approach is consistent, i.e. when does the prior converge to the true probability distribution given sufficiently many observed data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Test the results for statistical significance. (wikipedia.org)
  • spectrum
  • Here, I present the interpretation that the peak in the photon spectrum can be attributed to the black-body emission of the photosphere of the outflow, having a temperature of approximately 10 9 K. An additional non-thermal spectral component can be attributed to additional dissipation of the kinetic energy in the outflow. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • epidemiology
  • In addition to his work in forensic statistics, Freedman had a broad impact on the application of statistics to important medical, social, and public policy issues, such as clinical trials, epidemiology, economic models, and the interpretation of scientific experiments and observational studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • changes
  • Birth rates are declining in rural areas of Zimbabwe at present and the HIV epidemic may re-enforce this decline through changes in behaviour or underlying fecundity . (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Outliers arise due to changes in system behaviour, fraudulent behaviour, human error, instrument error or simply through natural deviations in populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • To examine species-specific host attraction and feeding behaviours, a Latin square design was used to compare Anopheles mosquitoes attracted to human, cow, and goat-baited tents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sachs, Gunter: The Astrology File: Scientific Proof of the Link Between Star Signs and Human Behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • knowledge
  • This study adds to our knowledge regarding the temporal development of health behaviours and weight status in school children. (springer.com)
  • Despite an increase in clinicians' knowledge scores, our implementation strategy did not, however, significantly change clinician behaviour intentions for all three bowel management practices. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 5 Improved knowledge does not, however, necessarily lead to a corresponding change in behaviour. (bmj.com)
  • study
  • This study focused on secondary level geography teachers in schools that offer geography at both junior and senior secondary to investigate their information needs and information-seeking behaviour in order to guide the design and implementation of their information service. (informationr.net)
  • discrete
  • In particular the 1965 paper with the innocent title "On the asymptotic behaviour of Bayes estimates in the discrete case II" finds the rather disappointing answer that when sampling from a countably infinite population the Bayesian procedure fails almost everywhere, i.e. one does not obtain the true distribution asymptotically. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • In this way the measurements taken from a child who is at different stages of their sexual maturation compared to another may alter the reliability of the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • useful
  • In particular, it may be useful to determine if measurements exhibit an increasing or decreasing trend which is statistically distinguished from random behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before considering trends in real data, it is useful to understand trends in random data. (wikipedia.org)
  • This evaluation, informed by the theory of planned behaviour, has provided useful insights into factors that influence clinician intentions to perform evidence-based bowel management practices in intensive care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • secondary
  • Data were collected from in-service teachers through focus group discussions, prospective teachers with a questionnaire, and key actors in Lesotho's secondary geography education context through individual interviews. (informationr.net)
  • temperature
  • We are proud that they decided to choose our smart WS501 compact weather station (All-in-one) for measurement of the meteorlogical parameters.With the integration of the smart weather sensor WS501-UMB the calibration vehicle can provide accurate data about air temperature, relative humidity, global radiation, air pressure, wind direction and wind speed.The National Agency. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The temperature dependence of the surface tension can be plotted for all liquids in a way that the data collapses to a single master curve. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientific
  • Batyr's case was also included in several books on animal behaviour, and in the proceedings of several scientific conferences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Batyr's lexicon list was compiled from audiovisual records, scientific researches and statistical data from eyewitnesses who heard the elephant themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • patterns
  • This can often lead to people seeing clusters or patterns in data sometimes inadvertently to prove their ideas. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Further research is required to explore the influence of opinion leaders and organizational culture on clinicians' behaviour intentions related to bowel management for intensive care patients. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This department provides advice in the interpretation and use of statistical techniques in psychological research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The department's research focuses on antisocial behaviour as it appears in people with either major mental disorders or personality disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • to generate descriptive numerical data that were used to compare the two groups. (journals.co.za)
  • clearly such a constructed series would be trend-free, so as with the approach of using simulated data these series can be used to generate borderline trend values V and −V. In the above discussion the distribution of trends was calculated by simulation, from a large number of trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • high frequency
  • Ultra-low frequency (ULF) hydromagnetic waves, often referred to as geomagnetic pulsations, have been observed for many years in magnetometer data as well as by very high frequency (VHF) and high-frequency (HF) radars, and are endemic within the magnetosphere. (scielo.org.za)
  • result
  • This behaviour is the result of the fact that L-shells nearer the earth have higher frequencies than the driver and lead it in phase, whereas those that are near magnetopause have lower frequencies than the driver and lag it in phase. (scielo.org.za)
  • techniques
  • An important set of techniques is that related to statistical surveys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using the percentile ranking to determine whether or not a child or adolescent between 2-20 years old is overweight or obese inherits the same techniques as a BMI except the interpretation of the data collected is varied. (wikipedia.org)
  • control
  • Species-specific behaviours, such as host feeding preferences, impact the dynamics of malaria transmission and the effectiveness of vector control interventions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • responses
  • Nowadays, technological advances have enabled the acquisition of reliable monitoring data concerning environmental conditions, loadings and structural responses from civil infrastructure assets. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • affect
  • Year 8 brings into focus some key PSHE topics, most especially peer pressure and the way our behaviour can be influenced by and affect others. (issuu.com)
  • theory
  • 16 provided compelling evidence in favour of this theory by using STARE radar data to plot the amplitude and phase of an electric field. (scielo.org.za)