Loading...
  • emerge
  • In order to develop health promotion initiatives it is important to identify at what age gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health-related behaviours emerge. (springer.com)
  • Cohesive and coordinated group behaviours emerge, however, from the decision rules that individuals use to interact in groups, and how predation has shaped these fine-scale social decisions is still unclear. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • human
  • In action is included all human behaviour when and in so far as the acting individual attaches a subjective meaning to it. (studymore.org.uk)
  • To examine species-specific host attraction and feeding behaviours, a Latin square design was used to compare Anopheles mosquitoes attracted to human, cow, and goat-baited tents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • CRISPR genome editing samples and modifies genetic data to modify human bodies. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Through design thinking and foresight, we can use qualitative and ethnographic knowledge to bring human factors and needs into dialogue with the artificial intelligence and machine learning that drives data analytics. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • We need to make informed choices about which decisions can and should be automated through the intelligent systems that are able to analyze and act on data faster than human intervention. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Sachs, Gunter: The Astrology File: Scientific Proof of the Link Between Star Signs and Human Behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apophenia, also known as patternicity, or agenticity, is the human tendency to perceive meaningful patterns within random data. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a mathematical foundation for statistics, probability theory is essential to many human activities that involve quantitative analysis of data. (wikipedia.org)
  • The interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary nature of scientific inquiry into human behaviour, social and environmental factors affecting it, made many of the natural sciences interested in some aspects of social science methodology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outliers arise due to changes in system behaviour, fraudulent behaviour, human error, instrument error or simply through natural deviations in populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Most commonly used statistical procedures, for analysis and interpretation of statistical data, rest on assumptions about the behaviour of the data. (springer.com)
  • The main and interaction effects of time, gender and parental educational level on the health-related behaviours, weight status and body mass index standard deviation score (BMIsds) were analysed by the Weighted Least Squares method for categorical repeated measures and Analysis of Variance. (springer.com)
  • Themes were generated as the units for analysis based on the objectives of the study to enable interpretation of qualitative information. (journals.co.za)
  • The context of our work is the analysis of structured stochastic models with statistical tools. (inria.fr)
  • So doing, we aim at developing innovative techniques for high scientific, societal, economic impact applications and in particular via image processing and spatial data analysis in environment, biology and medicine. (inria.fr)
  • We propose to develop model selection and approximation techniques for complex structure models and to study dimension reduction techniques based on non linear data analysis. (inria.fr)
  • The proposed data-based models, associated methodologies and analysis are illustrated using the monitoring data from the Great Belt Bridge (Denmark). (surrey.ac.uk)
  • In a world increasingly driven by data analysis, designers, digital media artists and animators provide essential tools for users. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • The iCity project led by Eric Miller at the University of Toronto (in partnership with OCAD University, University of Waterloo and many stakeholders and industry partners, such as IBM, ESRI and Cellant) is providing sophisticated data-analysis and visualization tools for transportation planning. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • His methodology and the statistical analysis have been criticised by mathematicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • The department also hosts the UKCRN accredited King's Clinical Trials Unit which provides randomisation, data management, analysis and trial management - all of which are available to researchers across King's Health Partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the determination of D ( h ) {\displaystyle D(h)} calls for some exhaustive local analysis of the data, which would result in difficult and numerically unstable calculations, the estimation of the ζ ( q ) {\displaystyle \zeta (q)} relies on the use of statistical averages and linear regressions in log-log diagrams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The codification and analysis steps are typically performed by computer, using statistical software. (wikipedia.org)
  • In any instance, an appropriate type of statistical analysis should take account of the various types of error that may arise, as outlined below. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first 10 scales are neither a consequence of a preconceived personality theory nor just a result of statistical data reduction (factor analysis etc.) but based on theoretically founded personality traits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mathematical
  • Mathematical model simulations indicate that this pattern of behaviour could explain the greater excess mortality that was recorded among males, given a recent - last 4-5 years - escalation of the HIV epidemic in rural areas. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Mathematical model projections, based on our understanding of the predominant behaviour pattern and fitted to observed trends in HIV prevalence, also indicate that further increases in adult and early childhood mortality are to be expected. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The paradox is used in mathematical statistics teaching to illustrate the care statisticians need to take when interpreting data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there are several different probability interpretations, probability theory treats the concept in a rigorous mathematical manner by expressing it through a set of axioms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Freedman was a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Statistical Association and an elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • methodology
  • A methodology for probabilistic fatigue life prediction is then developed by integrating the different data-based models within an S-N fatigue reliability framework. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • The department provides both introductory and advanced training in applied statistical methodology, collaborate on studies of mental health based here and internationally, and undertake research in relevant applied methodology. (wikipedia.org)
  • observations
  • If an individual series of observations is generated from simulations that employ a given variance of noise that equals the observed variance of our data series of interest, and a given length (say, 100 points), a large number of such simulated series (say, 100,000 series) can be generated. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be due to incidental systematic error or flaws in the theory that generated an assumed family of probability distributions, or it may be that some observations are far from the center of the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of normally distributed data, the three sigma rule means that roughly 1 in 22 observations will differ by twice the standard deviation or more from the mean, and 1 in 370 will deviate by three times the standard deviation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The model overfits the particular data or observations rather than fitting a generalizable pattern in a general population. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy
  • Even though it is never too late to change behaviour, it is preferable to have a healthy diet and be physically active from an early age in order to promote optimal growth and development. (springer.com)
  • Thus
  • Thus, cognitive biases may sometimes lead to perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, illogical interpretation, or what is broadly called irrationality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interpretivist social scientists, by contrast, may use social critique or symbolic interpretation rather than constructing empirically falsifiable theories, and thus treat science in its broader sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • largely
  • Data is largely dependent upon reporting and recording practices, and is unlikely to accurately represent the incidence of domestic violence against women in New Zealand. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • Women with HIV infection are reported as having lower fertility than other women in Ugandan studies and results from our research in Manicaland indicate that behaviour changes which would tend to re-enforce the existing decline in birth rates may be beginning to occur . (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Outlier points can therefore indicate faulty data, erroneous procedures, or areas where a certain theory might not be valid. (wikipedia.org)
  • As illustrated in this case, outliers may indicate data points that belong to a different population than the rest of the sample set. (wikipedia.org)
  • spectrum
  • Here, I present the interpretation that the peak in the photon spectrum can be attributed to the black-body emission of the photosphere of the outflow, having a temperature of approximately 10 9 K. An additional non-thermal spectral component can be attributed to additional dissipation of the kinetic energy in the outflow. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • humans
  • Generalist host feeding behaviours can also contribute to the spread of viral zoonotic diseases of which humans are incidental hosts, such as West Nile Virus and Japanese encephalitis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Are you interested in developing and using new ways of capturing, processing and understanding the behaviour of humans or animals? (ncl.ac.uk)
  • Here's the challenge: For humans, data are meaningless without curation, interpretation and representation. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • OCAD University faculty, researchers and students are among those exploring data visualization's potential to provide meaningful interfaces among data, databases, machines and humans. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • epidemiology
  • In addition to his work in forensic statistics, Freedman had a broad impact on the application of statistics to important medical, social, and public policy issues, such as clinical trials, epidemiology, economic models, and the interpretation of scientific experiments and observational studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • This study adds to our knowledge regarding the temporal development of health behaviours and weight status in school children. (springer.com)
  • Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Results
  • These 100,000 series can then be analysed individually to calculate estimated trends in each series, and these results establish a distribution of estimated trends that are to be expected from such random data - see diagram. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical bias results from an unfair sampling of a population, or from an estimation process that does not give accurate results on average. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two major results in probability theory describing such behaviour are the law of large numbers and the central limit theorem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two of his earlier results (1963 and 1965) investigate whether or not and under what circumstances a Bayesian learning approach is consistent, i.e. when does the prior converge to the true probability distribution given sufficiently many observed data. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Each student and project will have supervisors from different disciplines, one with more expertise in Behaviour and one with more expertise in Informatics. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • During that first year, students will also undertake three taster projects to find out more about different areas of Behaviour Informatics. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • search
  • Every time we search for an online movie, view a video on our mobile device, tweet a comment about a news article, upload a photo to Instagram or are directed to a new location in Pokemon Go , we are producing and responding to data. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • changes
  • Birth rates are declining in rural areas of Zimbabwe at present and the HIV epidemic may re-enforce this decline through changes in behaviour or underlying fecundity . (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • context
  • In the context of another Idex project named Grenoble Data Institut e , two 2-years multi-disciplinary projects were granted in November 2017 to Mistis in collaboration respectively with Team Necs from Inria and Gipsa-lab (DATASAFE project: understanding Data Accidents for TrAffic SAFEty) and with IPAG and Univ. (inria.fr)
  • an innate immune reply more effective and neurochemistry denoting cohibition of impulsive behaviours, allowing more adjusted choices in the context of social confrontation This reaction turned the organisms more active and efficient, in an example of the positive aspect of stress reaction. (usp.br)
  • perform
  • This evaluation, informed by the theory of planned behaviour, has provided useful insights into factors that influence clinician intentions to perform evidence-based bowel management practices in intensive care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • complexity
  • Just how consistency can be checked depends on the complexity of the data. (springer.com)
  • However, this powerful and flexible approach can still be restricted by necessary simplifying assumptions and several generic sources of complexity in data. (inria.fr)
  • temperature
  • We are proud that they decided to choose our smart WS501 compact weather station (All-in-one) for measurement of the meteorlogical parameters.With the integration of the smart weather sensor WS501-UMB the calibration vehicle can provide accurate data about air temperature, relative humidity, global radiation, air pressure, wind direction and wind speed.The National Agency. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The temperature dependence of the surface tension can be plotted for all liquids in a way that the data collapses to a single master curve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Further research is required to explore the influence of opinion leaders and organizational culture on clinicians' behaviour intentions related to bowel management for intensive care patients. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This department provides advice in the interpretation and use of statistical techniques in psychological research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The department's research focuses on antisocial behaviour as it appears in people with either major mental disorders or personality disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • useful
  • In particular, it may be useful to determine if measurements exhibit an increasing or decreasing trend which is statistically distinguished from random behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before considering trends in real data, it is useful to understand trends in random data. (wikipedia.org)
  • approach
  • clearly such a constructed series would be trend-free, so as with the approach of using simulated data these series can be used to generate borderline trend values V and −V. In the above discussion the distribution of trends was calculated by simulation, from a large number of trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientific
  • Batyr's case was also included in several books on animal behaviour, and in the proceedings of several scientific conferences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Batyr's lexicon list was compiled from audiovisual records, scientific researches and statistical data from eyewitnesses who heard the elephant themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • Despite an increase in clinicians' knowledge scores, our implementation strategy did not, however, significantly change clinician behaviour intentions for all three bowel management practices. (biomedcentral.com)
  • knowledge
  • Addressing factors such as knowledge, attitudes and beliefs can assist in targeting implementation strategies to positively affect clinician behaviour change. (biomedcentral.com)
  • patterns
  • Data are measurements of other things: physical phenomena (such as weather patterns) or virtual phenomena (such as telecommunications packets). (theglobeandmail.com)
  • This can often lead to people seeing clusters or patterns in data sometimes inadvertently to prove their ideas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often
  • The data collection steps, can in some instances be automated, but often require significant manpower to undertake. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • Monitoring data were used to specify time-series model parameters for the main drivers of fatigue damage in such structures, namely pavement temperatures and heavy traffic intensities, which influence the stress range distributions at critical locations. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Given a set of data and the desire to produce some kind of model of those data, there are a variety of functions that can be chosen for the fit. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurements
  • When a series of measurements of a process are treated as a time series, trend estimation can be used to make and justify statements about tendencies in the data, by relating the measurements to the times at which they occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Considering both studies, results showed consistently the expected relations of larger mindfulness skills going together with a smaller cognitive interpretation bias and lower levels of depression and anxiety symptoms. (springer.com)
  • These 100,000 series can then be analysed individually to calculate estimated trends in each series, and these results establish a distribution of estimated trends that are to be expected from such random data - see diagram. (wikipedia.org)
  • For soil resources, experience has shown that a natural system approach to classification, i.e. grouping soils by their intrinsic property (soil morphology), behaviour, or genesis, results in classes that can be interpreted for many diverse uses. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • In two studies, a possible mediation effect was tested of cognitive interpretation bias in the relation between respectively dispositional mindfulness and acceptance, on the one hand, and symptoms of depression and anxiety, on the other hand. (springer.com)
  • particular
  • 2011 present aura x data of the extension needed in airway rights own 23 27 1982 after normative journey in particular interests and discourses. (cdmw.de)
  • In particular, it may be useful to determine if measurements exhibit an increasing or decreasing trend which is statistically distinguished from random behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robbins describes the definition as not classificatory in "pick[ing] out certain kinds of behaviour" but rather analytical in "focus[ing] attention on a particular aspect of behaviour, the form imposed by the influence of scarcity. (wikipedia.org)
  • events
  • Although the general theory of single channel behaviour was completed in 1982, it could not be used in practice for fitting mechanisms to data, because the recording apparatus is incapable of detecting events shorter than, at best, about 20 microseconds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although
  • Retrospective evaluations are usually conducted after the implementation phase and may exploit existing survey data, although the best evaluations will collect data as close to baseline as possible, to ensure comparability of intervention and comparison groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • length
  • It is a review length between the interaction--a data and pertaining sofas and server. (cdmw.de)
  • If an individual series of observations is generated from simulations that employ a given variance of noise that equals the observed variance of our data series of interest, and a given length (say, 100 points), a large number of such simulated series (say, 100,000 series) can be generated. (wikipedia.org)