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  • animal behavior
  • The types of social behaviour include the following: Collective animal behavior involves the coordinated behavior of large groups of similar animals as well as emergent properties of these groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • At once instructive and compelling, this theme-spanning book reveals the complex nature of maturity in scores of social species and shows that animal behavior often displays the same diversity we find in ourselves. (jhu.edu)
  • He has been elected Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science for sustained and outstanding distinguished contributions to psychological sciences, and Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for distinguished contributions to the integrative study of animal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • autism
  • The study, which appears in Biological Psychiatry , suggests that social impairments characteristic of autism spectrum disorder may stem from alteration of activity in this circuit, and that tuning this circuit may help treat the social deficits in the disorder. (elsevier.com)
  • We are excited about this study as it identifies a brain circuit that may play a critical role in social reward, which is affected in autism," said senior author Dr. Anirvan Ghosh, who was the Head of Neuroscience Research at Roche and now serves as Head of Research and Early Development at Biogen. (elsevier.com)
  • Understanding how altered brain function leads to social deficits could help develop novel targeted therapeutics for autism spectrum disorder," said Ghosh, such as by tuning the circuit to correct the altered activity. (elsevier.com)
  • Curious About Teacher's Behavior: Could It be Autism? (ldonline.org)
  • An Iranian scientist Peyman Golshani, along with his colleagues at UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles), has managed to restore social behavior in autism mice model. (iran-daily.com)
  • Among the problems people with Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) struggle with, are difficulties with social behavior and communication, ISNA wrote. (iran-daily.com)
  • Social Behavior in Autism. (wikipedia.org)
  • TEACCH methodology is rooted in behavior therapy, more recently combining cognitive elements, guided by theories suggesting that behavior typical of people with autism results from underlying problems in perception and understanding. (wikipedia.org)
  • primates
  • Most of the anthropoid primates live in social groupings which create many opportunities for interaction. (wwnorton.com)
  • Join unique field courses from Earthquest (Canada) for the Environment in Costa Rica designed to study the ecology and behavior of neotropical primates. (goabroad.com)
  • The field station encompasses 1,000 acres and includes a mosaic of primary and secondary tropical rainforest, riparian habitats, and areas of human use, and is inhabited by wild groups of three species of nonhuman primates, making it an ideal location in which to study primate behavior and diversity and the effects of anthropogenic habitat modifications on wildlife. (goabroad.com)
  • 5. Record significant or rare behavior patterns of free-ranging primates species. (goabroad.com)
  • Dario Maestripieri (born 1964) is an Italian behavioral biologist who is known for his research and writings about biological aspects of behavior in nonhuman primates and humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • His studies of nonhuman primates have addressed topics such as aggression and dominance, affiliation and social bonding, communication and cognition, mating and reproduction, and parenting and development. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Games Primates Play: An Undercover Investigation of the Evolution and Economics of Human Relationships, Maestripieri illustrates how evolutionary and comparative studies, along with economic cost-benefit analyses of behavior, can explain why people behave the way they do in everyday social situations and in the negotiation of their personal and business relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • overt
  • Psychological science in the 21st century can, and should, become not only the science of overt behavior, and not only the science of the mind, but also the science of the brain,' concluded the experts. (enotalone.com)
  • Abstracts
  • The journal is abstracted and indexed in AgeLine, Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, Science Citation Index, Scopus, and Social Sciences Citation Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution
  • The evolution of chemical signaling in reptiles is discussed along with behaviors governed by pheromones including conspecific trailing, male-male agonistic interactions, sex recognition and sex pheromones, and reptilian predator recognition. (nih.gov)
  • In these two systems, enough is known about the chemical constituents that mediate behaviors to explore the evolution of chemical signaling mechanisms that affect life history patterns. (nih.gov)
  • feelings
  • Social rewards and feelings of love also may stimulate the region. (enotalone.com)
  • Jean Decety says, 'The study raises the intriguing possibility that loneliness may result from reduced reward-related activity in the ventral striatum in response to social rewards,' leading to speculation that activity in the ventral striatum may even promote feelings of loneliness. (enotalone.com)
  • study
  • It is interesting that the circuit implicated in social behavior in this study is also a circuit implicated in the biology of depression," said Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry . (elsevier.com)
  • Since its establishment in 1993, the La Suerte Biological Field Station has been visited by more than 1,300 students from across the United States, Canada, and all over the world to study primate behavior and ecology, tropical rainforest ecology and conservation. (goabroad.com)
  • The study shows that a primary deficit in oxytocin may cause the social problems in these mice, and that correcting this deficit can correct social behavior,' said Geschwind. (iran-daily.com)
  • The current study is the first one that used fMRI scans to measure activity in the brain in combination with data about social isolation, or loneliness. (enotalone.com)
  • patterns
  • Those in the K-12 system are in the process of developing behaviors that will generate future personality traits and behavioral patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are 6 types of Social Patterns used by children : Unoccupied Behavior: The child is not involved in any particular activity (often seen day dreaming). (wikipedia.org)
  • diversity
  • The behavior of these fossil ants, frozen for 100 million years, resolves any ambiguity regarding sociality and diversity in the earliest ants. (amnh.org)
  • generate
  • Likewise, a minority of other-regarding individuals can generate a "cooperative" aggregate outcome if their behavior generates incentives for a majority of self-regarding people to behave cooperatively. (sciencemag.org)
  • personality
  • As such, when strong situations (situations where situational strength is high) exist, the relationship between personality variables (for example, extraversion, risk-taking behaviors, etc...) and behaviors is reduced, because no matter what the personality of the individual is, they will act in a way dictated by the situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traffic rules dictate how people are supposed to act when they see a red light, and this influence often prevents people from engaging in behaviors that are consistent with their personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mischel's work led to an important shift in social scientists' thinking about the behavioral expression of personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Biological Psychiatry is the official journal of the Society of Biological Psychiatry , whose purpose is to promote excellence in scientific research and education in fields that investigate the nature, causes, mechanisms and treatments of disorders of thought, emotion, or behavior. (elsevier.com)
  • New research published in the FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ) suggests that these receptors also play an important role in social interaction and the ability to choose between competing motivations. (redorbit.com)
  • Recent research has documented the existence of a substantial share of strong reciprocators who exhibit a particular form of other-regarding behavior ( 5 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • 2003. "From Structure to Dynamics: A Paradigm Shift in Social Movements Research? (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of his work has elucidated the neuroendocrine regulation of primate behavior while other research has investigated its evolutionary significance. (wikipedia.org)
  • interaction
  • The circuit incorporates brain regions involved in reward and pleasure, leading the authors to consider that social dysfunction may stem from reduced enjoyment in social interaction. (elsevier.com)
  • individual
  • Being liked, feeling accepted, and having self-confidence are all related to an individual s social skills. (ldonline.org)
  • So how might seemingly altruistic behavior have evolved, given the conflict with individual fitness? (wwnorton.com)
  • Reproduction: the individual copies or emulates the behavior that is observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preferences are considered to be self-regarding if an individual does not care per se for the outcomes and behaviors of other individuals. (sciencemag.org)
  • Permanent social networks consist of all individual members of a faunal community and often varies to track changes in their environment and based on individual animal dynamics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Situational strength is said to result in psychological pressure on the individual to engage in and/or refrain from particular behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sum, situations have the ability to restrict the expression of individual differences in terms of actual behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to note that Mischel did not imply that people show no consistencies in behavior, or that individual differences are unimportant. (wikipedia.org)
  • In books and articles on the topic, Mischel stressed the importance of better understanding how, when, and why individual differences are most likely to be important predictors of behavior, and when they are more likely to be nullified by situational influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • He further argued that individual differences are most likely to directly affect behavior "when the situation is ambiguously structured. (wikipedia.org)
  • anger
  • It appears that self-compassion offers the same mental health benefits as self-esteem, but with fewer of its drawbacks such as narcissism, ego-defensive anger, inaccurate self-perceptions, self-worth contingency, or social comparison. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • Recently developed theories of other-regarding preferences and bounded rationality explain these findings and provide better predictions of actual aggregate behavior than does traditional economic theory. (sciencemag.org)
  • Amber
  • Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites-two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies. (amnh.org)
  • symptoms
  • Symptoms can vary depending on several factors, such as trauma severity, the amount of social support, and additional life stresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Many examples of genetic factors of social behavior have been derived from a bottom-up method of altering a gene and observing the change it produces in an organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sociogenomics is an integrated field that accounts for the complete cellular genetic complement of an organism from a top-down approach, accounting for all biotic influences that effect behavior on a cellular level. (wikipedia.org)
  • affect
  • Self-regarding preferences may, therefore, be considered to be amoral preferences because a self-regarding person neither likes nor dislikes others' outcomes or behaviors as long as they do not affect his or her economic well-being. (sciencemag.org)
  • Among other things, people frequently do not form rational beliefs, objectively irrelevant contextual details affect their behavior in systematic ways, they prefer to be treated fairly and resist unfair outcomes, and they do not always choose what seems to be in their best interest. (sciencemag.org)
  • changes
  • Of particular interest are differential gene expression of mRNA (transcriptomics) and protein transcription (proteomics) that correspond to changes in behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • A minority of self-regarding individuals can trigger a "noncooperative" aggregate outcome if their behavior generates incentives for the majority of other-regarding individuals to mimic the minority's behavior. (sciencemag.org)
  • In a fission-fusion society, the main parent group can fracture (fission) into smaller stable subgroups or individuals to adapt to environmental or social circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • In contrast, people with other-regarding preferences value per se the outcomes or behaviors of other persons either positively or negatively. (sciencemag.org)
  • That can translate to an inability to make friends, engage in routine conversations, or pick up on the social cues that are second nature to most people. (iran-daily.com)
  • processes
  • It seems obvious that these violations of the rationality and preference assumptions will appear in the behavior of aggregate entities like markets and organizations or in political processes. (sciencemag.org)
  • beneficial
  • While the internet can be beneficial for developing social and technical skills, it's important to talk children with disabilities about online safety and responsibility. (ldonline.org)
  • appropriate
  • They perceive all students as being capable of succeeding at academic and social demands as long as they are provided with appropriate interventions. (ldonline.org)
  • This social skills story was designed to assist students in understanding when it is appropriate to talk at school and when it's not, and facilitate appropriate responses. (teacherspayteachers.com)
  • so that subjects are uncertain about how to categorize it and have no clear expectations about the behaviors most likely to be appropriate (normative, reinforced) in that situation" (p. 276). (wikipedia.org)