##### theoretical

- But who would care about that other than a theoretical physicist or chemist? (physicsforums.com)
- The biggest models have improved substantially in the last few years, with many no longer requiring ''flux adjustments'' -- essentially fudge factors -- that were once needed to prevent the machine-generated, theoretical climates from drifting out of the realm of the possible. (nytimes.com)
- Implicate order and explicate order are ontological concepts for quantum theory coined by theoretical physicist David Bohm during the early 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
- The Efimov effect is an effect in the quantum mechanics of few-body systems predicted by the Russian theoretical physicist V. N. Efimov in 1970. (wikipedia.org)
- Almost 40 years after Efimov's purely theoretical prediction, the characteristic periodic behavior of the states has been confirmed. (wikipedia.org)

##### charged particles

- The Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium refers to the behavior that charged particles exhibit when they are near a semipermeable membrane. (reference.com)

##### mathematical

- Sir Roger Penrose OM FRS (born 8 August 1931) is an English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. (wikipedia.org)
- Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness is a 1994 book by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose that serves as a followup to his 1989 book The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds and The Laws of Physics. (wikipedia.org)

##### quantum

- In the past decade, physicists have used string theory to build a connection between quantum and gravitational mechanics, known as gauge/gravity duality. (phys.org)
- Unlike most materials, cuprates do not obey Fermi's laws, a set of quantum-mechanics principles that govern microscopic behavior at very low temperatures (close to absolute zero, or -273 degrees Celsius). (phys.org)
- The consensus view of professional physicists has been that Bohr proved victorious in his defense of quantum theory, and definitively established the fundamental probabilistic character of quantum measurement. (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] Einstein was the first physicist to say that Planck's discovery of the quantum (h) would require a rewriting of the laws of physics. (wikipedia.org)
- On a quantum computer, to factor an integer N, Shor's algorithm runs in polynomial time (the time taken is polynomial in log N, which is the size of the input). (wikipedia.org)
- However, Shor's algorithm shows that factoring is efficient on an ideal quantum computer, so it may be feasible to defeat RSA by constructing a large quantum computer. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2001, Shor's algorithm was demonstrated by a group at IBM, who factored 15 into 3 × 5, using an NMR implementation of a quantum computer with 7 qubits. (wikipedia.org)
- In November 2014, it was discovered that this 2012 adiabatic quantum computation had also factored larger numbers, the largest being 56153. (wikipedia.org)
- In particular, the concepts were developed in order to explain the bizarre behavior of subatomic particles - behavior difficult to explain by quantum physics. (wikipedia.org)
- Bohm believes that the weirdness of the behavior of quantum particles is caused by unobserved forces, maintaining that space and time might actually be derived from an even deeper level of objective reality. (wikipedia.org)
- David Bohm, his co-worker Basil Hiley, and other physicists of Birkbeck College worked toward a model of quantum physics in which the implicate order is represented in form of an appropriate algebra or other pregeometry. (wikipedia.org)
- The quantum behavior of these particles can be predicted with excellent accuracy using the Dirac equation, named after P.A.M. Dirac. (wikipedia.org)

##### gravitational

- It only works that way because some of the factors, like the gravitational effects between small bodies like billiard balls, or the Brownian motion at typical billiard-table temperatures, are negligible. (artima.com)
- Factors that determine the behavior include the particle species involved, the electromagnetic, gravitational, and nuclear fields controlling the system. (wikipedia.org)

##### chemist

- Also referred to as the Gibbs-Donnan effect, this equilibrium is named after Josiah Willard Gibbs, a physicist, and Frederick Donnan, a chemist. (reference.com)

##### particle

- Understanding microviscosity requires an understanding of viscosity and diffusion i.e. macroscopic viscosity and bulk diffusion and where their assumptions break down at the micro to nanometer scale where physicists are still trying to replace phenomenological laws with physical laws governing the behavior of single particle mobility. (wikipedia.org)
- In the field of biophysics, a typical microviscosity problem is understanding how a biomolecule's mobility is hindered within a cellular compartment which will depend upon many factors such as the size, shape, charge, quantity and density of both the diffusing particle and all members of its environment. (wikipedia.org)

##### defense

- Their ability to glide has been an object of interest for physicists and the United States Department of Defense in recent years, and studies continue to be made on what other, more subtle, factors contribute to their gliding. (wikipedia.org)

##### describe

- PhysOrg.com) -- Physicists are divided on whether string theory is a viable theory of everything, but many agree that it offers a new way to look at physical phenomena that have otherwise proven difficult to describe. (phys.org)
- MIT physicists, led by Hong Liu and John McGreevy, have now used that connection to describe a specific physical phenomenon - the behavior of a type of high-temperature superconductor , or a material that conducts electricity with no resistance. (phys.org)
- However, the researchers hope their work could lead to more general theories to describe other materials, and eventually predict their behavior. (phys.org)
- However, so far, physicists have found it difficult to describe cuprates, because their behavior is so different from other materials. (phys.org)
- In his book Wholeness and the Implicate Order, Bohm uses these notions to describe how the same phenomenon might look different, or might be characterized by different principal factors, in different contexts such as at different scales. (wikipedia.org)
- There are many alternative quantities used by physicists and engineers to describe how damped an oscillator is. (wikipedia.org)

##### polynomial

- I know of only one -- to find the leading order behavior of a rational polynomial. (physicsforums.com)
- Sometimes if you have a polynomial you can spot one factor real easy, but the others are hard to find. (physicsforums.com)
- also, checking work for removing a factor from a larger order polynomial. (physicsforums.com)
- no classical algorithm is known that can factor in polynomial time. (wikipedia.org)

##### magnetic

- As a physicist specializing in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), I am developing a non-invasive, empirical method to diagnose Alzheimer's Disease and other central nervous systems disorders in their earliest stages. (uwinnipeg.ca)

##### different

- Physicists have now developed an innovative method that enables them to obtain several different types of information simultaneously from the interior of a nanoscale building block, and this while it is in the active state. (serifwebresources.com)
- To find out, these physicists started by tumbling strings of different stiffness in a box. (discovermagazine.com)
- With software development, you can't run the same experiment twice, because all the factors are always different. (artima.com)
- To help with these relationships, the Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium assigns factors to different molecules. (reference.com)
- Now that they have isolated two different motor behaviors in the same organism, researchers might be able to look at what factors drive those differences. (eurekalert.org)
- A single person's behavior may be different in unique situations, as he or she is acting partly in response to these differential forces and factors (e.g. the environment, or E): "A physically identical environment can be psychologically different even for the same man in different conditions. (wikipedia.org)
- Similarly, two different individuals placed in exactly the same situation will not necessarily engage in the same behavior. (wikipedia.org)
- Even when from the standpoint of the physicist the environment is identical or nearly identical for a child and or an adult, the psychological situation can be fundamentally different. (wikipedia.org)
- As he writes: In the enfolded [or implicate] order, space and time are no longer the dominant factors determining the relationships of dependence or independence of different elements. (wikipedia.org)

##### measurements

- He had details wrong but the basic concept right: a suite of equations that, when applied to measurements of heat, cloudiness, humidity and the like, could project how those factors would change over time. (nytimes.com)

##### phenomena

- Mike's earliest work, as a physicist, involved studying the behavior of liquids and solids, and trying to understand phenomena such as the structural ordering of high temperature superconductors. (realclimate.org)

##### thus

- I think that's the scenario that many managers are pursuing, because those more powerful factors might be controllable and thus the outcome is more predictable. (artima.com)

##### equation

- Lewin's equation, B = f(P, E), is a heuristic formula proposed by psychologist Kurt Lewin as an explanation of what determines behavior. (wikipedia.org)
- In Lewin's book, he first presents the equation as B = f(S), where behavior is a function of the whole situation (S). He then extended this original equation by suggesting that the whole situation could be roughly split into two parts: the person (P) and the environment (E). According to Lewin, social behavior, in particular, was the most psychologically interesting and relevant behavior. (wikipedia.org)
- In Lewin's original proposal of his equation, he did not specify how exactly the person and the environment interact to produce behavior. (wikipedia.org)
- The factor 2π makes Q expressible in simpler terms, involving only the coefficients of the second-order differential equation describing most resonant systems, electrical or mechanical. (wikipedia.org)

##### differences

- We're hoping now that we can start pulling the two apart, maybe we can figure out what gives rise to these differences in behaviors. (eurekalert.org)
- High-precision experiments could reveal small previously unseen differences between the behavior of matter and antimatter. (wikipedia.org)

##### psychologist

- During the first season, she has a myriad of boyfriends, including Tony, a physicist named David, played by Hank Azaria, and a psychologist named Roger, played by Fisher Stevens. (wikipedia.org)

##### experimental

- The most accurate experimental value of the scaling factor of the states has been determined by the experimental group of Rudolf Grimm at Innsbruck University as 21.0(1.3), being very close to Efimov's original prediction. (wikipedia.org)

##### find

- Understanding that behavior could help physicists find new materials that superconduct at even higher temperatures. (phys.org)
- i still like trying to find factors and completing the square just by looking, but i can see how some kids dont. (physicsforums.com)
- Informally, it solves the following problem: given an integer N, find its prime factors. (wikipedia.org)
- The problem we are trying to solve is, given an odd composite number N {\displaystyle N} , find an integer d {\displaystyle d} , strictly between 1 {\displaystyle 1} and N {\displaystyle N} , that divides N {\displaystyle N} . We are interested in odd values of N {\displaystyle N} because any even value of N {\displaystyle N} trivially has the number 2 {\displaystyle 2} as a prime factor. (wikipedia.org)

##### Physics

- Physics always involves approximations, and discovering which factors, in that particular situation, are important. (artima.com)
- The problem is that science in general and physics in particular is all about looking at the situation and understanding what the dominant factors are, and discarding the factors that, in the current situation, do not influence the outcome enough to care about it for whatever we are doing at the moment (the factors are still there -- they may simply not be measurable, or we may not care about their impact). (artima.com)
- This is the first time anyone has shown two motor behaviors by cilia in a single cell, says James Valles, chair of the Department of Physics at Brown and one of the paper's senior authors. (eurekalert.org)
- In physics and engineering the quality factor or Q factor is a dimensionless parameter that describes how underdamped an oscillator or resonator is, and characterizes a resonator's bandwidth relative to its centre frequency. (wikipedia.org)
- 1984 William D. Coolidge Award from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine This award recognizes an AAPM member for an eminent career in medical physics. (wikipedia.org)

##### However

- To a small but growing number of physicists, however, the shape-shifting and behavior changes in cancer cells evoke not an errant genetic program but a phase transition. (quantamagazine.org)

##### substantially

- This is substantially faster than the most efficient known classical factoring algorithm, the general number field sieve, which works in sub-exponential time - about O(e1.9 (log N)1/3 (log log N)2/3). (wikipedia.org)
- The quality factor of oscillators varies substantially from system to system, depending on their construction. (wikipedia.org)

##### help

- Now, physicists from Brown University have discovered something that could help scientists understand how cilia have been adapted for so many varied tasks. (eurekalert.org)
- To help out, the physicists have enlisted the help of Brown biologist Anita Zimmerman. (eurekalert.org)

##### explain

- Physicists finally explain why your earphones are always tangled. (discovermagazine.com)
- He demonstrated his "transmutation" of uranium oxide into radium to physicists of the University of Cologne, but declined to explain his procedure. (wikipedia.org)

##### single

- In their model, they can study behavior at high and low energy (determined by how the excitation energy of a single electron compares to the average energy of an electron in the system), and it turns out that at low energy, the black-hole model exhibits many of the same unusual traits seen in non-Fermi liquids such as cuprates. (phys.org)

##### physical

- The research, published in the Aug. 5 online edition of Science , is one of the first to show that gauge/gravity duality can shed light on a material's puzzling physical behavior. (phys.org)

##### identical

- These states are completely identical except that their sizes and energy levels scale by a universal factor of approximately 22.7 (in the case of three identical bosonic particles), see A242978. (wikipedia.org)

##### object

- The core idea is that, when understanding, explaining, and/or predicting the behavior of an object, we can choose to view it at varying levels of abstraction. (wikipedia.org)

##### good

- Several good physicists have studied this preprint and approved it. (edberry.com)
- He was released early for "diligence and good behavior" in 1938, but was soon rearrested on Himmler's orders, who feared that Kurschildgen would reveal his involvement with the SS and thereby embarrass Himmler. (wikipedia.org)

##### past

- In the past few years, physicists studying metastasis have generated surprisingly precise predictions of cell behavior. (quantamagazine.org)

##### several

- The aim of this workshop is to bring together physicists from the several areas where effective field theories are employed with a small number of philosophers who have been investigating methodological issues related to making sense of the concept of emergence. (perimeterinstitute.ca)

##### together

- Together with his father, a physicist and mathematician, Penrose went on to design a staircase that simultaneously loops up and down. (wikipedia.org)

##### model

- Therefore, once the physicists calculated the features of the model, using general relativity, those values could be translated to the corresponding values in the strange-metal system. (phys.org)
- The problem occurs when we start ignoring those factors altogether, and pretending that they don't exist and that our model applies everywhere. (artima.com)
- And it's impossible to model their behavior. (artima.com)

##### study

- With a bit more study, Valles hopes this finding could shed light on the molecular mechanisms responsible for these two motor behaviors. (eurekalert.org)

##### found

- It becomes easier if you divide through by the factor you've found. (physicsforums.com)

##### view

- The intentional stance is a term coined by philosopher Daniel Dennett for the level of abstraction in which we view the behavior of an entity in terms of mental properties. (wikipedia.org)

##### drive

- Scientists are exploring what factors drive this behavior. (serifwebresources.com)

##### changes

- In the earth sciences, he has published on topics as varied as the recovery from the KT-boundary mass extinction event and the factors driving long-term changes in the volume of the Great Salt Lake. (realclimate.org)

##### long

- If the numerator and denominator don't factor, what is the use of performing the long division? (physicsforums.com)
- Physicists have long provided doctors with tumor-fighting tools such as radiation and proton beams. (quantamagazine.org)

##### knowledge

- Science was therefore distinguished as the knowledge of nature and things which are true for every community, and the name of the specialized pursuit of such knowledge was philosophy - the realm of the first philosopher-physicists. (wikipedia.org)
- Knowledge of their behavior in the wild is limited, but they are thought to be highly arboreal, rarely descending from the canopy. (wikipedia.org)

##### higher

- i think it applies more readily when the numerator is of signifigantly higher order and a simple factor is hard to remove visually. (physicsforums.com)
- The quality factor of atomic clocks, superconducting RF cavities used in accelerators, and some high-Q lasers can reach as high as 1011 and higher. (wikipedia.org)

##### system

- While Lewis doesn't want them to challenge the behavior through the student disciplinary system, he said that faculty members can promote civility. (insidehighered.com)
- To harness the predictive power of the SME in any specific system, a calculation has to be performed so that all these factors can be accounted for. (wikipedia.org)

##### high

- In 1986, physicists discovered that cuprates (ceramic compounds that contain copper) can superconduct at relatively high temperatures (up to 135 degrees Celsius above absolute zero). (phys.org)
- Resonators with high quality factors have low damping, so that they ring or vibrate longer. (wikipedia.org)
- Clocks, lasers, and other resonating systems that need either strong resonance or high frequency stability have high quality factors. (wikipedia.org)

##### problem

- Shor's algorithm consists of two parts: A reduction, which can be done on a classical computer, of the factoring problem to the problem of order-finding. (wikipedia.org)

##### space

- Field theory is centered around the idea that a person's life space determines their behavior. (wikipedia.org)
- For experiments conducted in space, the orbital motion of the craft is an important factor in determining the signals of Lorentz violation that might arise. (wikipedia.org)

##### terms

- The term was not intended as an abbreviation for "quality" or "quality factor", although these terms have grown to be associated with it. (wikipedia.org)

##### usually

- In contrast, a condition that is completely genetic in origin would theoretically yield a concordance of 100% for MZ pairs and usually much less for DZ pairs depending on factors such as the number of genes involved and assortative mating. (wikipedia.org)

##### predict

- The calculation of glass properties (glass modeling) is used to predict glass properties of interest or glass behavior under certain conditions (e.g., during production) without experimental investigation, based on past data and experience, with the intention to save time, material, financial, and environmental resources, or to gain scientific insight. (wikipedia.org)
- Atoms are small enough that attempting to predict their behavior using classical physics - as if they were billiard balls, for example - gives noticeably incorrect predictions due to quantum effects. (wikipedia.org)
- Through the development of physics, atomic models have incorporated quantum principles to better explain and predict the behavior. (wikipedia.org)

##### variety of different

- The rule turns out to be simple, but it's the variety of different inputs that result in apparently complex behavior. (blogspot.com)
- The British Transport and Road Research Laboratory published a comprehensive report in 1973 examining vehicle behavior for a large variety of different bump geometries. (wikipedia.org)

##### complex

- The behavior of our black box may appear complex, but we don't really know if it's inherently complex, or if we just lack enough information to tease out the rules. (blogspot.com)

##### certain

- When driven by certain external factors, such as a change in temperature, a phase transition may occur at critical values of the external parameters. (biomedcentral.com)

##### long

- This color mixing behavior had long been known to printers, dyers and painters, but these trades preferred pure pigments to primary color mixtures, because the mixtures were too dull (unsaturated). (wikipedia.org)
- It has been shown, however, that using a longer chain instead (e.g. a chain that is n times as long as the initially considered chain using a thinning factor of n) leads to better estimates of the true posterior. (wikipedia.org)

##### determine

- French physicist Jean Perrin used Einstein's work to experimentally determine the mass and dimensions of atoms, thereby conclusively verifying Dalton's atomic theory. (wikipedia.org)
- Independently, physicist Hermann von Helmholtz measured reaction times to determine nerve conduction speed. (wikipedia.org)

##### important

- citation needed] The most important problem has been a confusion between the behavior of light mixtures, called additive color, and the behavior of paint, ink, dye, or pigment mixtures, called subtractive color. (wikipedia.org)

##### phase

- This criterion nearly defines the Fock states (one must in addition select a phase factor). (wikipedia.org)