• Pneumococcal
  • The military does give this vaccination regularly as well as Japanese encephalitis (JEV) when the service member is to be deployed to Southeast Asia, and other vaccines such as pneumococcal, tetanus, among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • A review looking at the pneumococcal vaccine in pregnancy found that there was not enough research to say that this vaccination reduced the number of babies developing pneumococcal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The November 2017 edition of National Geographic Magazine published "Here's Why Vaccines Are So Crucial", an article revolving around the need and impact of vaccines in society and vividly highlighted the lifelong dedication of Saha's fight to beating pneumonia and other pneumococcal infections in Bangladesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the publication of the article Saha was invited to attend a panel discussion on the various aspects of pneumococcal vaccines and vaccines in general, hosted and broadcast by National Geographic, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation at the International Vaccine Access Center, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • A member of Pneumococcal Awareness Council of Experts (PACE), he also heads the steering committee of the Coalition Against Typhoid (CaT) of the Sabin Vaccine Institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Stating that bacterial meningitis can be deadly and contagious among people in close contact, the Laboratories said the bacteria can spread from person to person through coughing and sneezing. (india.com)
  • A person develops bacterial meningitis when bacteria gets into the bloodstream from the sinuses, ears or other parts of the upper respiratory tract, it added. (india.com)
  • Inactivated vaccines can be self-possessed either by whole viruses or bacteria, or portions of either. (omicsonline.org)
  • attenuated Y. ruckeri bacteria were examined in vivo as bivalent vaccine delivery vehicles, either through the expression of a fragment of the IHNV glycoprotein or by carrying a plasmid DNA vaccine encoding the complete IHNV glycoprotein. (oregonstate.edu)
  • What are bacteria and bacterial spores? (enotes.com)
  • They also showed that 'toxoidation' of whole bacteria with formaldehyde - the method all manufacturers used to produce the highly neurotoxic pertussis vaccine - did not work on Bordetella pertussis because there are no free amino groups on the toxin of over 200 amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because those bacterial strains induce antibodies that react with human antigens, the vaccines for those bacteria needed to not contain homologies to proteins encoded in the human genome in order to not cause adverse reactions, thus establishing the need for genome-based Reverse Vaccinology. (wikipedia.org)
  • He enjoys international recognition as an authority on the basic biology and medical significance of atypical bacterial organisms and is considered a pioneer and an expert on the role of these unusual bacteria in the persistence and expression of kidney and urological infectious diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • They noted that the forms, which they called electron dense bodies were so small that they could pass through bacterial filters that normally withheld ordinary bacteria with cell walls. (wikipedia.org)
  • After applying these data to the human condition, Domingue reasoned that in some patients who suffer from chronic bacterial infections, the disease process could be related to the fact that bacteria are able to differentiate into the resistant electron dense bodies that he observed in tissue cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The papers detail how L-form bacteria inside an experimental human embryonic kidney tissue culture system are able to persist in cells and explains how they are able to revert into the cell wall-containing parent bacterial form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saha played a key role in implementing vaccines against two bacteria that cause meningitis and pneumonia in Bangladesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immunization
  • The role of the formulation in the vaccine scenario in terms of accessibility, affordability and acceptability, besides the contribution in bridging the immunization gap in the country would also be assessed, the statement quoted Gill. (india.com)
  • Immunization (vaccination) can be discrete as active immunity formed by vaccine. (omicsonline.org)
  • Menactra is a vaccine given to patients between the ages of 2-55 to produce active immunization against Meningococcal disease, produced by serogroups N. Meningitidis A,C,Y and W-135. (enotes.com)
  • Children are given Hib vaccine as part of their immunization schedules. (enotes.com)
  • The Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program (AVIP), is the name of the policy set forth by the U.S. federal government to immunize its military and certain civilian personnel with the BioThrax anthrax vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immunization during pregnancy, that is the administration of a vaccine to a pregnant woman, is not a routine event as it is generally preferred to administer vaccines either prior to conception or in the postpartum period. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is recommended by the American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecologists(ACOG) the following schedule for pregnant women to receive the vaccine-- Schedule if never immunized: three doses in 0, 4, and 6-12 months Schedule if unknown immunization: at least two doses** in the late second or third trimester. (wikipedia.org)
  • PT Bio Farma (Persero) is an Indonesian state-owned enterprise based in Bandung, Indonesia which produces vaccines and sera to support immunization in Indonesia and other countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • pertussis toxin
  • Briefly, they cloned the pertussis toxin, mapped the antigenic epitopes using antibodies from individuals, who had the disease and or were vaccinated with the old whole-cell vaccine, and attached these antigenic peptides onto the diphtheria toxin as a carrier and adjuvant in one. (wikipedia.org)
  • plague
  • A vaccine developed in Wisconsin has been shown to protect prairie dogs from the plague, a bacterial disease that has sickened three people in New Mexico this year. (krqe.com)
  • The Wisconsin State Journal says researchers reported that prairie dogs that ingested vaccine baits were twice as likely to survive outbreaks of plague as prairie dogs that didn't get the vaccine. (krqe.com)
  • meningococcus
  • Here we use the discovery, characterization, and exploitation of fHbp, a vaccine candidate and key virulence factor of meningococcus, as an illustrative case in point. (edu.au)
  • the meningococcus B genome-derived vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proteins
  • Next, those genes are filtered for desirable attributes that would make good vaccine targets such as outer membrane proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • and the lack of information about the surface proteins caused developing a vaccine to be extremely difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later, modern adjuvants and the possibility of preparing of single parasite proteins started another way to obtain malaria vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rappuoli
  • As a result, Rino Rappuoli and other scientists turned towards bioinformatics to design a functional vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rino Rappuoli is Chief Scientist & Head of External Research and Development (R&D) at GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rappuoli joined Chiron as head of European vaccines research in 1992 with the acquisition of Italian vaccines company Sclavo SpA, where he served as head of research and development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rappuoli, was previously the Global Head of Vaccines Research for Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics (Siena, Italy) Since 2015, Dr. Rappuoli serves as the Chief Scientist and Head of External R&D at the vaccines division of GlaxoSmithKline and is based in Siena, Italy. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathogen
  • Applying genomic approaches to study both the pathogen and host will ultimately increase our fundamental understanding of pathogen biology, mechanisms responsible for the development of protective immunity, and guide next-generation vaccine design. (edu.au)
  • Patients
  • He first became interested in the role of atypical bacterial forms after noting that a large number of patients with urinary tract infections suffer from continual relapsing illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time, she also began a small test trial of anti-bacterial vaccines made from the body fluids of cancer patients and reported moderate success. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • Thereafter it ran into Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and judicial obstacles (mainly concerning the methods and viability of the vaccine manufactured by BioPort, a subsidiary of Emergent BioSolutions Inc.). Over 8 million doses of BioThrax were administered to over 2 million U.S. military personnel as part of the program between March 1998 and June 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • Search
  • This theory, which builds on established concepts of clonal selection, is being applied in the search for an HIV vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • laboratory
  • Indian Immunologicals Limited or IIL is a vaccine manufacturing facility and biotechnology laboratory in Hyderabad, Ooty and Rajkot. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • The subsequent vaccine organism retains the ability to duplicate and produce immunity , but generally does not cause illness. (omicsonline.org)
  • The definition of the disease is a bacterial disease that affects the throat and can cause serious or fatal complications. (midtermpapers.com)
  • Since there are vaccines against Hib, against some serogroups of N. meningitidis and many types of Streptococcus pneumoniae all of which can cause Meningitis, a person can be vaccinated to prevent many of the causes of bacterial meningitis. (enotes.com)
  • It is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children 2 through 18 years old in the United States. (enotes.com)
  • Between the years 1965-1968, Livingston received Fleet Foundation and Kerr Grants, and continued her investigation into a bacterial cause of human cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Series of clinical trials of the PfSPZ Vaccine administered with IV injection are planned in 2014 in Africa, Europe, and the United States to expand critical data on the vaccine for clinical development as a method to prevent malaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • novel
  • Hilleman Laboratories acts as a catalyst in bridging the gap between academic research and product development by targeting novel vaccines and increasing the efficiency of existing vaccines. (india.com)
  • Laboratories
  • Towards bridging this gap Hilleman Laboratories, an equal joint-venture partnership formed between Merck & Co and Wellcome Trust, is a global charitable foundation that is committed to making affordable vaccines using innovation to address gaps that exist in low resource settings, it said. (india.com)
  • Though using bioinformatic technology to develop vaccines has become typical in the past ten years, general laboratories often do not have the advanced software that can do this. (wikipedia.org)
  • George Siber served as the Assistant Director and Head of Bacterial Vaccines for the Massachusetts Public Health Biological Laboratories in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts between 1982 and 1983. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The vaccine available for the disease is extremely expensive which becomes difficult for developing countries like India to have affordability and accessibility to the vaccine. (india.com)
  • The benefit is that 85% of the people who received three injections of the vaccine will be protected from the disease for ten years. (midtermpapers.com)
  • Inactivated bacterial vaccine is used during pregnancy for women who have a specific risk of exposure and disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the beginning Pasteur´s approach of developing bacterial vaccines was used as a big hope in eradication of this fatal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • While research is still under process and trials are ongoing, the first report has shown positive results and it is ten times more effective than the existing vaccine, said the statement of the global vaccine research and development organization. (india.com)
  • This step should make preparation and further development of vaccine much faster and easier. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bio Farma's history began during the Dutch East Indies period, when the colonial government founded Parc-vaccinogène (State Vaccine Development Agency) on 6 August 1890. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The J. Craig Venter institute and others then continued work on vaccines for A Streptococcus, B Streptococcus, Staphylococcus auereus, and Streptococcus pneumoniae. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is known globally for his work in vaccines and immunology. (wikipedia.org)
  • manufacturers
  • Stating that a large capital investment is required for creating any vaccine, it said Hilleman has, however, taken an approach that will allow the vaccine to be created at a lesser cost, thus ensuring the vaccine manufacturers can create low cost vaccines. (india.com)
  • IIL is one of the largest vaccine manufacturers in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • When PfSPZ Vaccine was injected intravenously (IV) to nonhuman primates or mice it finally triggers CD8+ T-cells producing IFNγ. (wikipedia.org)