• lactobacilli
  • Women in the study who douched regularly were also found to have less of the healthy lactobacilli in their vaginal tracts. (livestrong.com)
  • Diagnosis is based on the absence of lactobacilli, the presence of numerous "clue cells" (cells from the vaginal lining that are coated with BV organisms), a fishy odour, and/or decreased acidity or change in pH of vaginal fluid. (scarleteen.com)
  • BV is defined by the disequilibrium in the vaginal microbiota, with decline in the number of lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • The normal composition of bacteria in the vagina (vaginal flora) can vary, but is most commonly dominated by lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • These higher levels of glycogen in the vaginal canal support the growth of lactobacilli over other bacterial species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the predominance of lactobacilli in the vaginal canal creates a more acidic environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the first description of lactobacilli by Döderlein, lactobacilli have been generally considered as the gatekeepers of the vaginal ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • O'Hanlon and Baeten found that 96% of Lactobacillus species from a healthy vaginal ecosystem produced H2O2 (L. jensenii and L. vaginalis produce the highest levels of H2O2), whereas only 6% of the lactobacilli recovered from women with BV produced H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal colonization by H2O2-producing lactobacilli has been associated with a decrease in the occurrence of bacterial vaginosis (BV). (wikipedia.org)
  • Only supraphysiologic concentrations of exogenous H2O2 (0.34% w/v, 100 mM) were sufficient to inactivate BV-associated bacteria at which concentration it more potently inactivated vaginal lactobacilli (L. crispatus, L. gasseri, L. iners and L. jensenii). (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, under optimal anaerobic growth conditions, physiological concentrations of lactic acid inactivated the BV-associated pathogens without affecting the vaginal lactobacilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • In summary, although the hydrogen peroxide production of lactobacilli has been considered as an important antimicrobial component, contributing to the colonization resistance provided by lactobacilli, and although there seems to be a link between H2O2-producing lactobacilli and normal vaginal microflora, recent data do not support this role for H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal lactobacilli produce antimicrobial peptides, i.e. bacteriocins such as lactocin 160 and crispasin. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • You may be administered antibiotics in the form of oral medication or in the form of a vaginal cream or suppository. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • Yeast infections can occur if you're taking antibiotics, if you have high levels of estrogen (for instance, during pregnancy or if you are taking oral contraceptive pills), if you have uncontrolled diabetes, or if your immune system is suppressed. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Infection occurs in about 30% of women who are taking a course of antibiotics by mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • For that reason you are highly recommended to visit your doctor to prescribe you antibiotics if having symptoms of bacterial vaginosis. (infobarrel.com)
  • You cannot avoid the use of antibiotics if having bacterial vaginosis but you can take care for preventive measures that may help you avoid the recurrence of this highly disturbing vaginal infection, especially if experiencing frequent recurrences. (infobarrel.com)
  • This can be achieved through vaginal or anal intercourse , manual sex , shared sex toys, vaginal intercourse wearing a condom that was also used for anal intercourse or through nonsexual activities such as wiping improperly after a bowel movement or the use of antibiotics. (scarleteen.com)
  • Antibiotics can eliminate the infection. (merckmanuals.com)
  • In those with frequent infections, a short course of antibiotics may be taken as soon as symptoms begin or long-term antibiotics may be used as a preventative measure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lactobacillus
  • Many women treated bacterial vaginosis with Lactobacillus acidophilus supplements and yogurt containing live cultures for years but dietary lactobacillus has been shown ineffective. (infobarrel.com)
  • At increased risk of bacterial vaginosis are women who have multiple sexual partners or a new sexual partner, women who have sex with women and women whose vaginal environment does not produce adequate amounts of lactobacillus bacteria. (infobarrel.com)
  • The composition of the bacterial population in pre-pubertal girls is dominated by staphylococcus species, in addition to a range of anaerobes, enterococci, E. coli, and lactobacillus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary colonizing bacteria of a healthy individual are of the genus Lactobacillus, such as L. crispatus, and the lactic acid they produce is thought to protect against infection by pathogenic species. (wikipedia.org)
  • anal
  • Avoid activities which could lead to the introduction of the bacteria to the vagina or change the vaginal environment (unprotected vaginal or anal intercourse, unprotected manual sex, vaginal intercourse wearing a condom that was also used for anal intercourse - read how to use a condom) and practice proper hygiene (wipe from front to back after urinating or bowel movements, do not douche ). (scarleteen.com)
  • Herpes simplex Virus (HSV) infections result in painful blisters/ulcers in the vaginal and anal skin. (drtanandpartners.com)
  • Sexual transmission is possible through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • discomfort
  • Yeast infections can also lead to pain or discomfort during sex. (medbroadcast.com)
  • If there is discomfort in the vulvovaginal area, women can request their health care providers evaluate for the presence of an infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most candidal infections result in minimal complications such as redness, itching, and discomfort, though complications may be severe or even fatal if left untreated in certain populations. (wikipedia.org)