• attachment
  • Finally, the resulting composites were tested for their antibacterial potential and were found to effectively resist bacterial attachment and growth. (mdpi.com)
  • Bacterial adhesion involves the attachment (or deposition) of bacteria on the surface (solid, gel layer, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reduction in bacterial attachment was more significant on Osseotite® and Nanotite® for A. actinomycetecomitans, S. mutans and S. sanguis than for P. gingivalis and S. salivarius strains.Conclusions: Nanotite® samples showed the lowest amount of bacterial contamination in comparison to the smoother machined and rougher Osseotite® surfaces. (unipv.it)
  • However, their mechanical functions and the advantage of specific mechanical functions, especially in the initial attachment process, have not yet been fully understood.In this work, a detailed description of the pili mechanics and their role during cell adhesion is presented. (diva-portal.org)
  • infection
  • Methods of inhibiting bacterial adhesion to medical implants and reducing device-associated infection are effectuated by administering an effective amount of apo-transferrin to an individual with such an implant. (google.com)
  • IL-1, TNFα and C5a cause the endothelial cells of blood vessels near the site of infection to express cellular adhesion molecules, including selectins. (wikipedia.org)
  • This phenomenon has key role in host-pathogen interactions, endotoxic shock in patients, invasion and infection of animals/plants, inter-species bacterial competition, quorum sensing, exocytosis, etc. (see External links). (wikipedia.org)
  • Microscopy
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the differences in bacterial adhesion between a machined titanium surface, a double acid etched surface (Osseotite®) and an Osseotite surface with Nanometer-scale Discrete Crystalline Deposition (DCD™) of calcium phosphate (CaP)(Nanotite®).Methods: Surface roughness properties of each sample were determined by a laser profilometer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation. (unipv.it)
  • membrane
  • Standardized protocols are therefore needed for the fundamental studies of bacterial adhesion and biofouling formation on NF and RO membrane. (ucd.ie)
  • While studying the critical tension required to detach a membrane bound to a surface through adhesion molecules, it was found that some adhesion molecules bound more tightly in response to tensions higher than the critical tension. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the prokaryotic gram-negative bacterial cells, membrane vesicle trafficking is mediated via bacterial outer membrane bounded nano-sized vesicles, called bacterial outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). (wikipedia.org)
  • A mechanism has already been proposed for generation of OMVs by gram negative microbes involving, expansion of pockets of periplasm (named, periplasmic organelles) due to accumulation of bacterial cell secretions and their pinching off as outer membrane bounded vesicles (OMVs) on the lines of a 'soap bubble' formation with a bubble tube, and further fusion or uptake of diffusing OMVs by host/target cells (Fig. 2). (wikipedia.org)
  • inhibit
  • Fruit extracts from black currants (Ribes nigrum L.) are traditionally used for treatment of gastritis based on seed polysaccharides that inhibit the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to stomach cells. (diva-portal.org)
  • cells
  • Functional testing of F2 was performed by semiquantitative in situ adhesion assay on sections of human gastric mucosa and by quantitative in vitro adhesion assay with FITC-labled H. pylori strain J99 and human stomach AGS cells. (diva-portal.org)
  • The characterization of the physiological responses of the inoculated microorganisms to starvation, especially the evaluation of characteristics that affect the adhesion of the cells to soil particles, is fundamental to anticipate the success or failure of bioaugmentation. (ufv.br)
  • Subsequent measurements of bacterial adhesion resulted in cell loadings of 0.2×10⁵, 1.0×10⁵cells×cm−2 and 2.6×10⁵ cells.cm−2 for deionized, tap water and MilliQ water, respectively. (ucd.ie)
  • By measuring the adhesion of single cells, important information for different topics in biology and materialscience can be obtained. (wikipedia.org)
  • With FluidFM it is possible to increase the rate in which these experiments can be performed, and even to assess the adhesion of spread cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • It provides information about how bacterial cells interact with their surface and with each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • The physical and chemical characteristics of bacterial cells can be affected by EPS composition, influencing factors such as cellular recognition, aggregation, and adhesion in their natural environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those cancer cells can form cell-cell adhesions again and return to an epithelial state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The smaller size and single domain make these antibodies easier to transform into bacterial cells for bulk production, making them ideal for research purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • experiments
  • Flow flied at the stagnation point flow http://www.yale.edu/env/alexis_folder/alexis_research_2b.jpg Many bacterial stains have been used for the experiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • A larger diameter is helpful for single cell adhesion experiments, whereas a smaller diameter provides good opportunities for nanolithography and handling of sub-micron objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to standard AFM experiments, FluidFM provides the possibility to perform countless other applications, such as single cell injection and adhesion as well as nanolithography and spotting. (wikipedia.org)
  • respiratory
  • Does upregulated host cell receptor expression provide a link between bacterial adhesion and chronic respiratory disease? (tcd.ie)
  • O'Toole R.F, Shukla S.D, Walters E.H, Does upregulated host cell receptor expression provide a link between bacterial adhesion and chronic respiratory disease? (tcd.ie)
  • Pseudomonas
  • The first study uses in situ attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to reveal that prior to Mn-oxidation via Pseudomonas putida GB-1, cell adhesion to ZnSe is favorable. (openthesis.org)
  • deposition
  • Controlling and preventing the adverse impact of the bacterial deposition on the aquatic environment need a deeply understanding about the mechanisms of this process. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was concluded that bacterial deposition mainly occurred in a secondary energy minimum by using DLVO theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • This resulted to an observable bacterial deposition despite of the very high electrostatic repulsive energy from the DLVO prediction. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • According to the researchers, "Robust cadherin adhesion is essential for maintaining the integrity of tissue such as the skin, blood vessels, cartilage and muscle that are exposed to continuous mechanical assault. (wikipedia.org)
  • E-cadherin downregulation decreases the strength of cellular adhesion within a tissue, resulting in an increase in cellular motility. (wikipedia.org)
  • affects
  • There is evidence that the adhesion and metal-binding ability of EPS affects mineral leaching rates in both environmental and industrial contexts. (wikipedia.org)
  • efficiency
  • It is inferred that the efficiency of bacterial transport through soils might be potentially increased by nitrogen starvation. (ufv.br)