• Spermatogenesis
  • The degree of impairment is sufficient to impair spermatogenesis and / or the development of secondary sexual characteristics at puberty in males, but does not affect genital differentiation or development. (wikipedia.org)
  • this category of androgen insensitivity is diagnosed when the degree of androgen insensitivity in an individual with a 46,XY karyotype is great enough to impair virilization or spermatogenesis, but is not great enough to impair normal male genital development. (wikipedia.org)
  • couples
  • Conception normally is achieved within twelve months in 80-85% of couples who use no contraceptive measures, and persons presenting after this time should therefore be regarded as possibly infertile and should be evaluated. (taseerlabs.com)
  • Therefore, the male factor is at least partly responsible in about 50% of infertile couples. (taseerlabs.com)
  • But scientists have in recent clinical studies identified local foods and herbs that can, not only boost sex drive in men and women but improves sperm parameters and pregnancy rate.The recent clinical trial of 40 infertile couples referred to Alzahra Hospital in Iran was published in International Journal of Women's Health and Reproduction Sciences. (com.ng)
  • This study evaluated 72 studies to answer the question how varicocele repair (VR) impacts pregnancy rates and live birth rates in infertile couples undergoing assisted reproduction wherein the male partner has oligospermia or azoospermia and 7 studies were found to be eligible for inclusion. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • testes
  • A high FSH level is usually diagnostic of primary testicular failure, a condition in which the seminiferous tubules in the testes do not produce sperm normally, because they are damaged. (drmalpani.com)
  • A testosterone level test provides information on whether or not the testes are producing adequate amounts of the male hormone, namely, testosterone. (drmalpani.com)
  • The Endocrine Society 3 defines hypogonadism in men as a clinical syndrome that results from failure of the testes to produce adequate levels of testosterone and a normal number of sperm due to a disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. (ndnr.com)
  • There are many causes for oligospermia including: Pre-testicular factors refer to conditions that impede adequate support of the testes and include situations of poor hormonal support and poor general health including: Hypogonadism due to various causes Drugs, alcohol, smoking Strenuous riding (bicycle riding, horseback riding) Medications, including androgens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Testicular factors refer to conditions where the testes produce sperm of low quantity and/or poor quality despite adequate hormonal support and include: Varicocele, is a condition of swollen testicle veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • And, for the post-pubescent, the virus can go for the endocrine glands - the mammary glands and the ovaries in women, and the testes in men. (infertilityhomoeopathy.com)
  • Typically, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels are low (hypogonadotropic) commensurate with inadequate stimulation of the testes to produce sperm. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this situation the testes are abnormal, atrophic, or absent, and sperm production severely disturbed to absent. (wikipedia.org)
  • defects
  • However, the risk of gene defects in the sperm increases slightly in older men, particularly after age 60. (sharecare.com)
  • Y chromosome specific marker SRY used as internal controlSeminographic and morphological profile of 123 infertile males revealed that there was an involvement of structural defects in spermatozoa. (brightowl.pro)
  • Problems delivering the sperm into the woman's body can include swelling and physical trauma, retrograde ejaculation where the sperm are directed into the bladder rather than out of the body, or blockages or sperm duct defects. (sharecare.com)
  • Reproductive endocrinologists treat men having hypogonadism due to defects in the HPG axis with injectable medications such as recombinant FSH, human chorionic gonadotropin, human menopausal gonadotropin hormone, or GnRH. (ndnr.com)
  • seminal
  • The sperm then passes through other tubes called the ejaculatory ducts , where they are mixed with fluids made by glands called the seminal vesicles , the prostate and the bulbourethral glands (also called Cowper's glands). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is known that well-organized men, especially from twenty to thirty-five years of age, who remain absolutely free from sexual intercourse or any other causes of expenditure of seminal fluid, are in a state of excitement, giving them a great, although abnormal, physical and mental activity. (ndnr.com)
  • Delayed liquefaction may indicate a problem with the prostate, the seminal vesicles, or the bulb urethral glands, which are also known as the male accessory glands. (infertilityhomoeopathy.com)
  • Seminal plasma proteins TEX101 and ECM1 were recently proposed for the differential diagnosis of azoospermia forms and subtypes, and for prediction of TESE outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormone
  • In order to be diagnosed with the syndrome, you must have at least two of the following issues: irregular periods, excess male hormone levels and ovaries with multiple small cysts. (sharecare.com)
  • Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t test All men had a thorough history and underwent physical to compare pre- and posttreatment sperm parameters, serum examination, semen analyses, serum hormonal evaluation in- hormone levels, and testicular volumes. (pdfdrug.com)
  • Testosterone is the male sex hormone responsible for enhancing sexual libido and potency. (com.ng)
  • Several shortcomings exist, however, with all of these allopathic therapies: human chorionic gonadotropin can take up to 24 months to improve sperm count, human menopausal gonadotropin hormone is expensive, pulsatile GnRH is not widely available, and clomiphene citrate cannot be used in men with pituitary disease. (ndnr.com)
  • hypogonadism
  • Of note,hypogonadism is fairly common in the middle-aged and older male population and is strongly associated with various chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, obesity, hypertension, and osteoporosis. (ndnr.com)
  • In men, CD can reduce semen quality and cause immature secondary sex characteristics, hypogonadism and hyperprolactinaemia, which causes impotence and loss of libido. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc
  • Several medicines which contain Folic acid, Zinc, L- canitine, Argine, Coenzyme Q10 etc. are available which enhance the semen & sperm production. (mediwave.net)
  • Cadmium, being chemically similar to zinc, may replace zinc in the DNA polymerase, which plays a critical role in sperm production. (wikipedia.org)
  • chromosome
  • Among the 433 infertile patients, 57(33%) exhibited a numerical sex chromosome abnormality, including 49 (11.3%) subjects with typical Klinefelter syndrome, 4 (2.95%) ones with structural sex chromosome and 11 (4.4%) ones with the autosomal chromosome abnormality. (medcraveonline.com)
  • frequency
  • Administration of onion juice significantly reduced mount frequency and latency and increased the copulatory efficacy of potent male rats. (com.ng)
  • surgical
  • Important issues related to the evaluation of the male factor include the most appropriate time for the male evaluation, the most efficient format for a comprehensive male exam, and definition of rationale and effective medical and surgical regimens in the treatment of these disorders. (taseerlabs.com)
  • In the past pharmacological treatment has been used empirically for infertile patients when surgical treatment had failed or was unavailable. (gfmer.ch)
  • pregnancy
  • Most authorities define these patients as primarily infertile if they have been unable to achieve a pregnancy after one year of unprotected intercourse. (taseerlabs.com)
  • hormonal
  • 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aretaieion Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, Greece Objective: To compare the effects of 2.5 mg letrozole with those of 1 mg anastrazole daily on the hormonal and semen profiles of a sub-set of infertile men with low T/E2 ratios. (pdfdrug.com)
  • insufficient
  • An insufficient number of sperm may be related to many of the issues in the point above, as well as physical problems within the scrotum (such as swelling, physical trauma or immunological issues). (sharecare.com)
  • On the other hand, due to large intra -and inter-individual fluctuations of the sperm it is difficult to demonstrate the superiority of a treatment over placebo due to an insufficient number of patients (type 2 error). (gfmer.ch)
  • lack
  • Efficiency of treatment is difficult to evaluate due to lack of randomised studies and to spontaneous improvement of sperm due to regression towards the mean in about 30 % of cases (Baker, Int J Androl,8:421,1985). (gfmer.ch)