• defects
  • However, the risk of gene defects in the sperm increases slightly in older men, particularly after age 60. (sharecare.com)
  • Problems delivering the sperm into the woman's body can include swelling and physical trauma, retrograde ejaculation where the sperm are directed into the bladder rather than out of the body, or blockages or sperm duct defects. (sharecare.com)
  • Reproductive endocrinologists treat men having hypogonadism due to defects in the HPG axis with injectable medications such as recombinant FSH, human chorionic gonadotropin, human menopausal gonadotropin hormone, or GnRH. (ndnr.com)
  • Spermatogenesis
  • The study is titled "The Effect of Compound Herbal Remedy Used in Male Infertility on Spermatogenesis and Pregnancy Rate" was conducted by researchers from Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Tabriz, Iran. (com.ng)
  • Pretreatment infertility is a significant problem in males having Hodgkin's lymphoma, about 20 to 30% of patients have either azoospermia or oligospermia , yet a large number of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma have normal spermatogenesis with 24. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The degree of impairment is sufficient to impair spermatogenesis and / or the development of secondary sexual characteristics at puberty in males, but does not affect genital differentiation or development. (wikipedia.org)
  • this category of androgen insensitivity is diagnosed when the degree of androgen insensitivity in an individual with a 46,XY karyotype is great enough to impair virilization or spermatogenesis, but is not great enough to impair normal male genital development. (wikipedia.org)
  • obstruction
  • In a number of situations direct medical or surgical intervention can improve the sperm concentration, examples are use of FSH in men with pituitary hypogonadism, antibiotics in case of infections, or operative corrections of a hydrocele, varicocele, or vas deferens obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • fertility
  • While obese men may experience fertility problems, women in particular need to be at a healthy weight before pursuing fertility treatment. (sharecare.com)
  • Evidence suggests that male fertility has been diminishing in the past several decades, with an estimated decline in the mean sperm count of approximately 0.94 × 10 6 /mL per year. (ndnr.com)
  • It is diagnosed by a low sperm count or a low serum testosterone level, as well as the presence of hypogonadal symptoms such as a reduction in fertility, muscle mass, peak bone mass, energy, erectile function, mood, and libido. (ndnr.com)
  • Therefore, while exogenous testosterone therapy is an effective method for increasing testosterone levels, it is not a viable option for men who desire an improvement in their fertility. (ndnr.com)
  • Some authors claim that fertility decreases only with a sperm concentration of 5 million/ml or less (Jouannet, Ann Biol Clin 45:335;1987). (gfmer.ch)
  • This will give the information regarding the fertility of the male partner. (mediwave.net)
  • Rarely patients with normal semen analyses have sperm that do not function in a manner necessary for fertility. (auanet.org)
  • Statistically, one-third of infertility problems are related to men and the remaining one-third is a combination of fertility factors involving both partners or unknown causes. (americanpregnancy.org)
  • It is also possible to use over-the-counter screening tests using testing kits to evaluate key aspects of fertility for both men and women. (americanpregnancy.org)
  • testes
  • A testosterone level test provides information on whether or not the testes are producing adequate amounts of the male hormone, namely, testosterone. (drmalpani.com)
  • The Endocrine Society 3 defines hypogonadism in men as a clinical syndrome that results from failure of the testes to produce adequate levels of testosterone and a normal number of sperm due to a disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. (ndnr.com)
  • There are many causes for oligospermia including: Pre-testicular factors refer to conditions that impede adequate support of the testes and include situations of poor hormonal support and poor general health including: Hypogonadism due to various causes Drugs, alcohol, smoking Strenuous riding (bicycle riding, horseback riding) Medications, including androgens. (wikipedia.org)
  • A report published last year in Human Reproduction found that women who ate beef seven or more times per week tended to produce sons with lowered sperm counts, perhaps due to the effects of hormones or pesticides on developing testes. (nyhq.org)
  • male infertility is associated with reduced bitesticular volume, varicocele, retractile testes, low ejaculate volume, male accessory gland infections (MAGI), and mumps orchitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this situation the testes are abnormal, atrophic, or absent, and sperm production severely disturbed to absent. (wikipedia.org)
  • seminal
  • It is known that well-organized men, especially from twenty to thirty-five years of age, who remain absolutely free from sexual intercourse or any other causes of expenditure of seminal fluid, are in a state of excitement, giving them a great, although abnormal, physical and mental activity. (ndnr.com)
  • Seminal plasma proteins TEX101 and ECM1 were recently proposed for the differential diagnosis of azoospermia forms and subtypes, and for prediction of TESE outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormone
  • In order to be diagnosed with the syndrome, you must have at least two of the following issues: irregular periods, excess male hormone levels and ovaries with multiple small cysts. (sharecare.com)
  • Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t test All men had a thorough history and underwent physical to compare pre- and posttreatment sperm parameters, serum examination, semen analyses, serum hormonal evaluation in- hormone levels, and testicular volumes. (pdfdrug.com)
  • Testosterone is the male sex hormone responsible for enhancing sexual libido and potency. (com.ng)
  • Several shortcomings exist, however, with all of these allopathic therapies: human chorionic gonadotropin can take up to 24 months to improve sperm count, human menopausal gonadotropin hormone is expensive, pulsatile GnRH is not widely available, and clomiphene citrate cannot be used in men with pituitary disease. (ndnr.com)
  • hypogonadism
  • Of note,hypogonadism is fairly common in the middle-aged and older male population and is strongly associated with various chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, obesity, hypertension, and osteoporosis. (ndnr.com)
  • In men, CD can reduce semen quality and cause immature secondary sex characteristics, hypogonadism and hyperprolactinaemia, which causes impotence and loss of libido. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc
  • Several medicines which contain Folic acid, Zinc, L- canitine, Argine, Coenzyme Q10 etc. are available which enhance the semen & sperm production. (mediwave.net)
  • Cadmium, being chemically similar to zinc, may replace zinc in the DNA polymerase, which plays a critical role in sperm production. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Most authorities define these patients as primarily infertile if they have been unable to achieve a pregnancy after one year of unprotected intercourse. (taseerlabs.com)
  • parameters
  • Result(s): The use of aromatase inhibitors (either letrozole or anastrazole) in cases of infertile men with low T/E2 ratios improved bothhormonal and semen parameters. (pdfdrug.com)
  • Consumption of compound herbal medicine with the lowest risk and cost, significantly improves sperm parameters. (com.ng)
  • insufficient
  • An insufficient number of sperm may be related to many of the issues in the point above, as well as physical problems within the scrotum (such as swelling, physical trauma or immunological issues). (sharecare.com)
  • On the other hand, due to large intra -and inter-individual fluctuations of the sperm it is difficult to demonstrate the superiority of a treatment over placebo due to an insufficient number of patients (type 2 error). (gfmer.ch)
  • mild
  • Men with mild oligospermia (semen concentration of 15 million to 20 million sperm/ml) were studied for an association of sperm DNA damage with life style factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical phenotype associated with MAIS is a normal male habitus with mild spermatogenic defect and / or reduced secondary terminal hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of MAIS phenotypes include isolated infertility (oligospermia or azoospermia), mild gynecomastia in young adulthood, decreased secondary terminal hair, high pitched voice, or minor hypospadias repair in childhood. (wikipedia.org)
  • lack
  • The common cause to infertility in a couple is lack of normal semen in the male partner. (mediwave.net)
  • Efficiency of treatment is difficult to evaluate due to lack of randomised studies and to spontaneous improvement of sperm due to regression towards the mean in about 30 % of cases (Baker, Int J Androl,8:421,1985). (gfmer.ch)
  • chromosomes
  • Men with relatively low levels of folate had increased risks for sperm containing either too few or too many chromosomes, according to researchers. (nyhq.org)
  • Normally, human sperm have 23 pairs of chromosomes. (nyhq.org)
  • infertility cases
  • Studies on the expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme-1 (ACE1) and angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) in male infertility cases have been reported, and Ace1 −/− male mice have been found to be sterile [ 12 ]. (mdpi.com)