• lungs
  • Advances in scanning technology such as hyperpolarized gas MRI has led to new regional measurements of ventilation, perfusion and gas diffusion in the lungs, while new image processing techniques allow these measures to be combined with information from structural imaging such as Computed Tomography (CT). (nih.gov)
  • As a specialist in internal medicine and pneumology, drug tumour therapy, sleep medicine, diving medicine and allergology he is specialized in lungs and lung diagnostics and also in developing individual treatment approaches. (leading-medicine-guide.com)
  • Sound is correlated to lung movement, so the absence of sounds in one or both lungs is diagnostic. (mssm.edu)
  • PNNL's prototype system models the nose, larynx and lungs of a rat. (pnnl.gov)
  • And, they can study how pollutants impact lungs of healthy people compared with those who suffer from respiratory ailments. (pnnl.gov)
  • Using the virtual respiratory tract, PNNL scientists can analyze the influence of various factors, such as the amount of pollutants or length of exposure, on healthy versus diseased lungs by manipulating the computer model. (pnnl.gov)
  • With the NMR technology, laboratory scientists captured images of a rat's upper respiratory tract and lungs in unprecedented detail. (pnnl.gov)
  • This technique is based on the assumptions that a known volume and concentration of helium in air begin in the closed spirometer, that the patient has no helium in their lungs, and that an equilibration of helium can occur between the spirometer and the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The technique is based on the assumptions that the nitrogen concentration in the lungs is 78% and in equilibrium with the atmosphere, that the patient inhales 100% oxygen and that the oxygen replaces all of the nitrogen in the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hallmark of ARDS is diffuse injury to cells which form the barrier of the microscopic air sacs of the lungs, surfactant dysfunction, activation of the innate immune system response, and dysfunction of the body's regulation of clotting and bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathogens
  • In addition to their impact on short-term morbidity, RVs are also debated as important pathogens in the development of recurrent wheeze and/or asthma. (ersjournals.com)
  • Infants and young children are particularly vulnerable to ARTIs as their immunity is still developing and not fully in place to defend against most of the respiratory pathogens they are exposed to. (ersjournals.com)
  • therapeutic
  • Explanations of physiological mechanisms underlying the benefits of common therapeutic, diagnostic, and monitoring procedures are unique to this text. (elsevier.com)
  • The physiological basis for therapeutic, diagnostic, and monitoring procedures is made explicit. (elsevier.com)
  • Courses deal with therapeutic and diagnostic procedures and tests, equipment, patient assessment, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). (sowela.org)
  • We focus on biomolecules with altered expression, which may serve as inflammatory, diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers of asthma discovered in human or experimental asthma model using genomic, proteomic and epigenomic approaches for gene and protein expression profiling. (frontiersin.org)
  • nasal
  • Rhinovirus is the virus most commonly found in the nasal cavity, causing about half of common colds and childhood asthma attacks. (yale.edu)
  • The biomolecules that undergo cellular, biochemical or molecular alterations in asthma patients vs. healthy subjects that are measurable in biological samples such as Broncho alveolar lavage Fluid (BALF), Nasal lavage fluid (NLF), blood or lung tissues may be considered as asthma biomarkers. (frontiersin.org)
  • Immune
  • However, susceptibility factors and immune biomarkers of diisocyanate asthma (DA) have not been clearly defined. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma is characterized by lung inflammation caused by complex interaction between the immune system and environmental factors such as allergens and inorganic pollutants. (frontiersin.org)
  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system (a hypersensitivity response) to the fungus Aspergillus (most commonly Aspergillus fumigatus). (wikipedia.org)
  • Left untreated, the immune system and fungal spores can damage sensitive lung tissues and lead to scarring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another important feature is its ability to interact and integrate with epithelial surfaces, which results in massive pro-inflammatory counter-response by the immune system involving IL-6, IL-8 and MCP-1 (a CCL2 receptor ligand). (wikipedia.org)
  • ARDS
  • Diagnostic criteria for ARDS have changed over time as understanding of the pathophysiology has evolved. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to generally broadening the diagnostic thresholds, other notable changes from the prior 1994 consensus criteria include discouraging the term "acute lung injury," and defining grades of ARDS severity according to degree of decrease in the oxygen content of the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • exacerbation
  • Another major limitation is the fact that many intermittent or mild asthmatics have normal spirometry between acute exacerbation, limiting spirometry's usefulness as a diagnostic. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapy
  • II-16 Competition in Global Medical Oxygen Systems Market II-16 Table 15: Global Oxygen Therapy Market by Leading Player (2014): Percentage Market Share Breakdown of Sales for Caire, Invacare, Philips Respironics, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart). (bio-medicine.org)
  • Information about Sowela Technical Community College respiratory therapy program, and registering for elective discussion sections and seminars. (sowela.org)
  • Concentrating on Sowela Technical Community College respiratory therapy program, for example, you may gain an advantage in job recruiting on-campus. (sowela.org)
  • Applicants must have earned an associate's degree from an accredited respiratory therapy program, or completed a bachelors degree program, and pass an exam. (sowela.org)
  • Beyond major requirements within the respiratory therapy department, you may consider Norfolk State University occupational therapy as a complementary elective to your primary course of study. (sowela.org)
  • Respiratory Therapists graduates from a Technical College with a certification in Respiratory Therapy as well as a certification from a College or University and have passed a national board certifying examination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory therapists are specialists and educators in many areas including cardiology, pulmonology, and sleep therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • cough
  • Involvement of respiratory muscles results in poor ability to cough and decreased ability to breathe well and leads to collapse of part or all of the lung leading to impaired gas exchange and an overall insufficiency in lung strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • Respiratory viruses also can cause serious lung infections. (yale.edu)
  • Enterovirus infections, including EV-D68, are not reportable, but laboratory detections of enterovirus and parechovirus types are reported voluntarily to the National Enterovirus Surveillance System, which is managed by CDC. (cdc.gov)
  • But when the researchers controlled for potential time-related confounders, such as upper respiratory infections, the correlation disappeared on almost all measures. (innovations-report.com)
  • It is well known that upper respiratory infections can cause problems for people with asthma, but the air pollutions results were a surprise," said Dr. Gelfand. (innovations-report.com)
  • Instead of worrying about air pollution they can focus their efforts on preventing and treating the real wintertime threat to their children s health - colds and other respiratory infections. (innovations-report.com)
  • Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are the most frequent infections worldwide and represent a major public health problem. (ersjournals.com)
  • assess
  • However, accuracy issues arise when trying to assess accurate respiratory volumes from a single respiration band placed either at the thorax, abdomen or midline. (wikipedia.org)
  • pediatric
  • In our study, wintertime air pollution had no significant effect on asthma exacerbations or lung function," said Nathan Rabinovitch, M.D., a lead author of the study and pediatric allergist at National Jewish Medical and Research Center. (innovations-report.com)
  • Respiratory therapists work in hospitals in the intensive care units (Adult, Pediatric, and Neonatal), on hospital floors, in Emergency Departments, in Pulmonay Functioning laboratories (PFTs), are able to intubate patients, work in sleep labs (polysomnograpy) (PSG) labs, and in home care specifically DME (Durable Medical Equipment) and home oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnose
  • However, respiratory medicine is an underdeveloped subspecialty in veterinary medicine, and there are relatively few sophisticated tests that are available to the clinician that actually diagnose specific pulmonary disorders. (vin.com)
  • Various techniques are utilized to diagnose the problem. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Intensive care and operating room Respiratory therapists educate, diagnose, and treat people who are suffering from heart and lung problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • A non-specific bronchial hyperreactivity test can be used to help diagnose occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • A spirometer is a device used to measure timed expired and inspired volumes, and can be used to help diagnose occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • occupational
  • Diisocyanates are among the most common causes of occupational asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • However, although overlapping in many cases, hypersensitivity pneumonitis may be distinguished from occupational asthma in that it isn't restricted to only occupational exposure, and involves type III hypersensitivity and type IV hypersensitivity rather than the type I hypersensitivity of asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, the most common cause of occupational asthma in the workplace are isocyanates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measuring PEFR at work is a highly reliable test for occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • C. pneumoniae infection was first associated with wheezing, asthmatic bronchitis, and adult-onset asthma in 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • biomarkers
  • Recent research in this field is focused on discovering new biomarkers associated with asthma pathogenesis. (frontiersin.org)
  • We summarized certain pathways with significant linkage to asthma pathophysiology by analyzing the compiled biomarkers. (frontiersin.org)
  • Systems approaches with this data can identify the regulating networks, which will eventually identify the key biomarkers to be used for diagnostics and drug discovery. (frontiersin.org)
  • childhood
  • Whereas the role of RSV, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, adenovirus and more recently the human metapneumovirus in causing ARTIs in infants and children have been intensively studied and are widely accepted [ 6 , 25 ], the contribution of RVs to respiratory morbidity in childhood is subject to debate [ 26 , 27 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • healthcare
  • Thus, they impose considerable burden on healthcare systems and account for a large proportion of emergency visits to hospital and hospitalisations [ 4 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • Healthcare systems are organisations established to meet the health needs of target populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiovascular
  • The research is interdisciplinary and focuses on measurement problems with the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, respiratory system and musculoskeletal system, together with applications in biomedicine and eHealth. (oulu.fi)
  • The interdependence of the pulmonary, cardiovascular, and renal systems in oxygentation and acid-base regulation are explored in depth. (elsevier.com)
  • Respiratory Therapists are frequently utilized as complete cardiovascular specialists being utilized to place and manage arterial accesses along with peripherally-inserted central catheters. (wikipedia.org)
  • collaborate
  • They also will continue to collaborate with other institutions nationwide, including the University of California, Davis, which has conducted extensive research into asthma using animal models, and the University of Washington's pulmonary biology and bioengineering programs. (pnnl.gov)
  • chest
  • Respiratory impairments usually can be evaluated under these listings on the basis of a complete medical history, physical examination, a chest x-ray or other appropriate imaging techniques, and spirometric pulmonary function tests. (ssa.gov)
  • Pulmonary function testing (PFT) is a complete evaluation of the respiratory system including patient history, physical examinations, chest x-ray examinations, arterial blood gas analysis, and tests of pulmonary function. (wikipedia.org)
  • inspiratory
  • Peak inspiratory flow (PifVt) is a measure that reflects respiratory drive, the higher its value, the greater the respiratory drive in the presence of coordinated thoraco-abdominal or even moderately discoordinated thoraco-abdominal movements. (wikipedia.org)