• airway
  • To gain insight into what tips the balance between health and disease during respiratory virus infection, we are studying the antiviral defense mechanisms of airway epithelial cells, the cells that form the lining of the respiratory tract. (yale.edu)
  • Overall goals include (1) to identify natural defense mechanisms the body uses to block replication of respiratory viruses, (2) to understand how environmental exposures influence airway defenses and thereby impact the outcome of respiratory virus infections, and (3) to develop new diagnostic tests for respiratory pathogens based on the host response to infection. (yale.edu)
  • We are investigating basic mechanisms whereby the body maintains airway health in the setting of frequent exposure to respiratory viruses. (yale.edu)
  • Expanded coverage of asthma topics provides more information regarding abnormal airway physiology and autonomic nervous system anatomy and physiology in relation to asthma. (elsevier.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic immunological disorder of lung characterized by reversible airway obstruction, airway inflammation and increased airway hyperresponsiveness in response to provocative challenge. (frontiersin.org)
  • A number of critical care techniques can be taught using the anatomically correct airway, including how to provide oxygen, intubate, and connect to life support systems, like a mechanical ventilator. (mssm.edu)
  • Airway clearance techniques, a type of physical therapy, are recommended. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like other types of asthma, it is characterized by airway inflammation, reversible airways obstruction, and bronchospasm, but it is caused by something in the workplace environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • Advances in scanning technology such as hyperpolarized gas MRI has led to new regional measurements of ventilation, perfusion and gas diffusion in the lungs, while new image processing techniques allow these measures to be combined with information from structural imaging such as Computed Tomography (CT). (nih.gov)
  • As a specialist in internal medicine and pneumology, drug tumour therapy, sleep medicine, diving medicine and allergology he is specialized in lungs and lung diagnostics and also in developing individual treatment approaches. (leading-medicine-guide.com)
  • Sound is correlated to lung movement, so the absence of sounds in one or both lungs is diagnostic. (mssm.edu)
  • PNNL's prototype system models the nose, larynx and lungs of a rat. (pnnl.gov)
  • And, they can study how pollutants impact lungs of healthy people compared with those who suffer from respiratory ailments. (pnnl.gov)
  • Using the virtual respiratory tract, PNNL scientists can analyze the influence of various factors, such as the amount of pollutants or length of exposure, on healthy versus diseased lungs by manipulating the computer model. (pnnl.gov)
  • With the NMR technology, laboratory scientists captured images of a rat's upper respiratory tract and lungs in unprecedented detail. (pnnl.gov)
  • This technique is based on the assumptions that a known volume and concentration of helium in air begin in the closed spirometer, that the patient has no helium in their lungs, and that an equilibration of helium can occur between the spirometer and the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The technique is based on the assumptions that the nitrogen concentration in the lungs is 78% and in equilibrium with the atmosphere, that the patient inhales 100% oxygen and that the oxygen replaces all of the nitrogen in the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a medical condition occurring in critically ill patients characterized by widespread inflammation in the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hallmark of ARDS is diffuse injury to cells which form the barrier of the microscopic air sacs of the lungs, surfactant dysfunction, activation of the innate immune system response, and dysfunction of the body's regulation of clotting and bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immune System
  • Asthma is characterized by lung inflammation caused by complex interaction between the immune system and environmental factors such as allergens and inorganic pollutants. (frontiersin.org)
  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system (a hypersensitivity response) to the fungus Aspergillus (most commonly Aspergillus fumigatus). (wikipedia.org)
  • Left untreated, the immune system and fungal spores can damage sensitive lung tissues and lead to scarring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another important feature is its ability to interact and integrate with epithelial surfaces, which results in massive pro-inflammatory counter-response by the immune system involving IL-6, IL-8 and MCP-1 (a CCL2 receptor ligand). (wikipedia.org)
  • Allergies occur when immunoglobulin E (IgE), part of the body's immune system, binds to food molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immunological responses are mediated by non-IgE immunoglobulins, where the immune system recognises a particular food as a foreign body. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Although particulate air pollution has been blamed for a wide variety of negative health effects, a three-year study of asthmatic children in Denver, published in the November Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, indicates that it does not lead to significant worsening of asthma during the pollution-heavy winter months. (innovations-report.com)
  • Learning in context gives students of respiratory therapy and related health professions a particularly relevant foundation for clinical practice. (elsevier.com)
  • This clinical decision was compared with two scoring systems based on the questionnaire in order to determine their positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • acute
  • Another major limitation is the fact that many intermittent or mild asthmatics have normal spirometry between acute exacerbation, limiting spirometry's usefulness as a diagnostic. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was known as the Taiwan acute respiratory agent (TWAR) from the names of the two original isolates - Taiwan (TW-183) and an acute respiratory isolate designated AR-39. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. pneumoniae infection triggers acute wheezing, if it becomes chronic then it is diagnosed as asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • These observations suggest that acute C. pneumoniae infection is capable of causing protean manifestations of chronic respiratory illness which lead to asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to generally broadening the diagnostic thresholds, other notable changes from the prior 1994 consensus criteria include discouraging the term "acute lung injury," and defining grades of ARDS severity according to degree of decrease in the oxygen content of the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • nasal
  • Rhinovirus is the virus most commonly found in the nasal cavity, causing about half of common colds and childhood asthma attacks. (yale.edu)
  • The biomolecules that undergo cellular, biochemical or molecular alterations in asthma patients vs. healthy subjects that are measurable in biological samples such as Broncho alveolar lavage Fluid (BALF), Nasal lavage fluid (NLF), blood or lung tissues may be considered as asthma biomarkers. (frontiersin.org)
  • evaluate
  • However, there have been no data concerning the use of the forced oscillation technique to evaluate respiratory mechanics in groups with different degrees of tobacco consumption. (scielo.br)
  • therapy
  • II-16 Competition in Global Medical Oxygen Systems Market II-16 Table 15: Global Oxygen Therapy Market by Leading Player (2014): Percentage Market Share Breakdown of Sales for Caire, Invacare, Philips Respironics, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart). (bio-medicine.org)
  • Information about Sowela Technical Community College respiratory therapy program, and registering for elective discussion sections and seminars. (sowela.org)
  • Concentrating on Sowela Technical Community College respiratory therapy program, for example, you may gain an advantage in job recruiting on-campus. (sowela.org)
  • Applicants must have earned an associate's degree from an accredited respiratory therapy program, or completed a bachelors degree program, and pass an exam. (sowela.org)
  • Beyond major requirements within the respiratory therapy department, you may consider Norfolk State University occupational therapy as a complementary elective to your primary course of study. (sowela.org)
  • assess
  • However, accuracy issues arise when trying to assess accurate respiratory volumes from a single respiration band placed either at the thorax, abdomen or midline. (wikipedia.org)
  • colds
  • Instead of worrying about air pollution they can focus their efforts on preventing and treating the real wintertime threat to their children s health - colds and other respiratory infections. (innovations-report.com)
  • adult
  • C. pneumoniae infection was first associated with wheezing, asthmatic bronchitis, and adult-onset asthma in 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnose
  • However, respiratory medicine is an underdeveloped subspecialty in veterinary medicine, and there are relatively few sophisticated tests that are available to the clinician that actually diagnose specific pulmonary disorders. (vin.com)
  • Various techniques are utilized to diagnose the problem. (vcahospitals.com)
  • A non-specific bronchial hyperreactivity test can be used to help diagnose occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • A spirometer is a device used to measure timed expired and inspired volumes, and can be used to help diagnose occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pediatric
  • In our study, wintertime air pollution had no significant effect on asthma exacerbations or lung function," said Nathan Rabinovitch, M.D., a lead author of the study and pediatric allergist at National Jewish Medical and Research Center. (innovations-report.com)
  • involvement
  • Involvement of respiratory muscles results in poor ability to cough and decreased ability to breathe well and leads to collapse of part or all of the lung leading to impaired gas exchange and an overall insufficiency in lung strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • Proteases released by both the fungus and neutrophils induce further injury to the respiratory epithelium, leading to initiation of repair mechanisms (such as influx of serum and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins) at the site of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinically
  • Measurement of maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures is indicated whenever there is an unexplained decrease in vital capacity or respiratory muscle weakness is suspected clinically. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypersensitivity
  • However, although overlapping in many cases, hypersensitivity pneumonitis may be distinguished from occupational asthma in that it isn't restricted to only occupational exposure, and involves type III hypersensitivity and type IV hypersensitivity rather than the type I hypersensitivity of asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, unlike asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis targets lung alveoli rather than bronchi. (wikipedia.org)
  • collaborate
  • They also will continue to collaborate with other institutions nationwide, including the University of California, Davis, which has conducted extensive research into asthma using animal models, and the University of Washington's pulmonary biology and bioengineering programs. (pnnl.gov)
  • inspiratory
  • Peak inspiratory flow (PifVt) is a measure that reflects respiratory drive, the higher its value, the greater the respiratory drive in the presence of coordinated thoraco-abdominal or even moderately discoordinated thoraco-abdominal movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • complementary
  • Computational models offer a complementary method to unravel the structure-function relationships occurring within a multiscale, multiphysics system such as this. (nih.gov)
  • Another important advantage, particularly in pathophysiological research, is that the FOT is able to provide information on the mechanical characteristics of the respiratory system that are complementary to spirometry. (scielo.br)
  • chest x-r
  • Respiratory impairments usually can be evaluated under these listings on the basis of a complete medical history, physical examination, a chest x-ray or other appropriate imaging techniques, and spirometric pulmonary function tests. (ssa.gov)
  • Pulmonary function testing (PFT) is a complete evaluation of the respiratory system including patient history, physical examinations, chest x-ray examinations, arterial blood gas analysis, and tests of pulmonary function. (wikipedia.org)