• prognostic factors
  • In this study, three magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences were used to quantify the anatomical distribution of lesions, to grade DAI according to the Adams grading system, and to evaluate the value of lesion localization in combination with clinical prognostic factors to improve outcome prediction. (diva-portal.org)
  • widely
  • It has become the most widely used clinical outcome measure for stroke clinical trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • The GOAT is the most widely used standardized scale for the prospective assessment of PTA in the United States and Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally designed for emergency situations where only one doctor and one nurse are present, ATLS is now widely accepted as the standard of care for initial assessment and treatment in trauma centers. (wikipedia.org)
  • A patient is assessed against the criteria of the scale, and the resulting points give a patient score between 3 (indicating deep unconsciousness) and either 14 (original scale) or 15 (the more widely used modified or revised scale). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the design of WTAR, the demographic prediction tables were co-normed with the widely used Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS). (wikipedia.org)
  • This gives it an advantage for comparative analyses on predicted and actual general intellectual and memory function over similar reading tests such as the National Adult Reading Test (NART), which do not share normative data sets with the other widely used Wechsler assessments. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was President of the International Society for Technology Assessment and in 1984 he published High Technology Medicine: Benefits and Burdens followed a series of BBC talks Doctors, Patients & Responsibilities which were widely praised. (wikipedia.org)
  • severity
  • PTA has been proposed to be the best measure of head trauma severity, but it may not be a reliable indicator of outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • PTA is considered a hallmark of concussion, and is used as a measure of predicting its severity, for example in concussion grading scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many international collaborative studies followed, comparing outcomes after different severity of injury and with alternative therapeutic regimes. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuropsychological
  • Position Held: Executive Director Description: Oversee firm specializing in primary rehabilitation oriented research and specialized research/development and distribution of state of the art rehabilitation/health assessment, education and outcome measurement systems including: Rehabilitation Checklist, Rehabilitation Activities of Daily Living Survey, Pre/Post Condition Life Event Survey, Rehabilitation Survey of Problems and Coping, Rehabilitation Education and Coping Series, Neuropsychological Evaluation Summary and Rehabilitation Strategies Series, Rehabilitation Outcome Management System. (docplayer.net)
  • Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment: A Cognitive Approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • AVPU
  • During the primary survey a basic neurological assessment is made, known by the mnemonic AVPU (alert, verbal stimuli response, painful stimuli response, or unresponsive). (wikipedia.org)
  • The AVPU scale (an acronym from "alert, voice, pain, unresponsive") is a system by which a health care professional can measure and record a patient's responsiveness, indicating their level of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The AVPU scale should be assessed using these three identifiable traits, looking for the best response of each. (wikipedia.org)
  • univariate
  • Number of DW lesions in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and internal capsule and number of SWI lesions in the mesencephalon correlated significantly with outcome in univariate analysis. (diva-portal.org)
  • 60 mm Hg correlated significantly with outcome in univariate analysis. (diva-portal.org)
  • initial assessment
  • The first initial assessment that should take place with every athlete found to be unconscious after head or neck trauma is the "ABC's" (airway, breathing, and circulation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently
  • Consequently, individuals who would have been automatically entitled to CAT benefits must now wait at least 6 months for the assessment. (mondaq.com)
  • 1980s
  • The scale was originally introduced in 1957 by Dr. John Rankin of Stobhill Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland, and then modified to its currently accepted form by Prof. C. Warlow's group at Western General Hospital in Edinburgh for use in the UK-TIA study in the late 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient's
  • However, the point of the scale is to track the patient's progress over time while the GOS is used to simply determine the extent of a brain injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • pupil
  • Alterations of the pupil light reflex, size of the pupil, and anisocoria (unequal pupils) are correlated with outcomes of patients with traumatic brain injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • A numeric scale allows a more rigorous interpretation and classification of the pupil response. (wikipedia.org)
  • aims
  • This study aims to determine the outcomes of road traffic injuries on function and health-related quality of life, to assess their social impact and to weigh the economic cost of road traffic crashes in an urban setting in India. (bmj.com)
  • consciousness
  • GCS was initially used to assess level of consciousness after head injury, and the scale is now used by first responders, EMS, nurses, and doctors as being applicable to all acute medical and trauma patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • An abbreviated version has been developed to assess patients with mild traumatic brain injury, the Abbreviated Westmead PTA Scale (AWPTAS). (wikipedia.org)
  • To investigate the occurrence of behavioural problems in patients with severe traumatic brain injury during the first year after injury and potential associations with outcome. (ovid.com)
  • This study will provide the first comprehensive estimates on outcomes of serious road traffic injury in India, including economic and social costs, and the impact on individuals and families. (bmj.com)
  • The GCS has been replaced with the highly specialized Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended (GOS-E). The GOS-E can only be administered after 6 months from the date of the injury. (mondaq.com)
  • However, with the lengthy delay that will result from disputes over GOS-E assessments, brain injured individuals will likely have to pay a portion of their recovery expenses in the interim periods, or may be relegated to relying on a public health system that is ill-equipped to service the needs stemming from a brain injury. (mondaq.com)
  • A similar scale, the Rancho Los Amigos Scale is used to assess the recovery of traumatic brain injury patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scale was used to rate the effects of injury and decide how long recovery might take. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • The SF-36 is a validated survey of patient health consisting of eight scaled scores. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • However, there is no high quality evidence to show that ATLS improves patient outcomes as it has not been studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • The intent of the scale was to measure the general functional changes of the patient throughout the course of recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The patient can perform the assessment retrospectively or it can be done using medical history. (wikipedia.org)
  • The four possible recordable outcomes are: Alert: The patient is fully awake (although not necessarily oriented). (wikipedia.org)
  • Unresponsive: Sometimes seen noted as 'Unconscious', this outcome is recorded if the patient does not give any eye, voice or motor response to voice or pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multivariate
  • Multivariate analysis revealed an independent relation with poor outcome for age ( p = 0.005) and lesions in the mesencephalic region corresponding to substantia nigra and tegmentum on SWI ( p = 0.008). (diva-portal.org)
  • Descriptive analysis and multivariate models will be used to report outcome data and associations. (bmj.com)
  • health
  • The scale runs from 0-6, running from perfect health without symptoms to death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standardised tools will be used to collect data on health and social outcomes, and on the economic impact of road traffic crashes. (bmj.com)