• locus of cont
  • Julian B. Rotter (October 22, 1916 - January 6, 2014) was an American psychologist known for developing influential theories, including social learning theory and locus of control. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1966, Rotter published his famous I-E scale in the journal "Psychological Monographs", to assess internal and external locus of control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondary outcomes include psychological symptoms, mental health-related quality of life, and locus of control. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In personality psychology, locus of control is the degree to which people believe that they have control over the outcome of events in their lives, as opposed to external forces beyond their control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with a strong internal locus of control believe events in their life derive primarily from their own actions: for example, when receiving exam results, people with an internal locus of control tend to praise or blame themselves and their abilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with a strong external locus of control tend to praise or blame external factors such as the teacher or the exam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Locus of control generated much research in a variety of areas in psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Debate continues whether specific or more global measures of locus of control will prove to be more useful in practical application. (wikipedia.org)
  • Careful distinctions should also be made between locus of control (a concept linked with expectancies about the future) and attributional style (a concept linked with explanations for past outcomes), or between locus of control and concepts such as self-efficacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Locus of control is one of the four dimensions of core self-evaluations - one's fundamental appraisal of oneself - along with neuroticism, self-efficacy, and self-esteem. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002) argued the concepts of locus of control, neuroticism, self-efficacy and self-esteem measured the same, single factor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Locus of control is the framework of Rotter's (1954) social-learning theory of personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who have internal locus of control believe that the outcomes of their actions are results of their own abilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with an external locus of control tend to believe that the things which happen in their lives are out of their control, and even that their own actions are a result of external factors, such as fate, luck, the influence of powerful others (such as doctors, the police, or government officials) and/or a belief that the world is too complex for one to predict or successfully control its outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • one's
  • We used these data to examine the relationship between (a) retrospective self-reports of attending segregated schools during one's 1st-to-12th grade education and one's current sense of control, as well as (b) the association between current sense of control and physical performance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Attending segregated schools for at least half of one's 1st-to-12th grade education was significantly associated with higher scores on the sense of control. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A person's "loci" (plural of "locus", Latin for "place" or "location") are conceptualized as internal (a belief that one's life can be controlled) or external (a belief that life is controlled by outside factors which they cannot influence, or that chance or fate controls their lives). (wikipedia.org)
  • scope
  • This course integrates project management theory with hands-on practice, designed to advance the participant's knowledge and experience in planning and controlling the project scope, schedule, and budget baselines, using project management software. (senecacollege.ca)
  • These indicators provide the basis to switch from a qualitative to a quantitative culture in IT Security Scope of measurements: External and internal threats (attempt and success), user's deviant behaviours, nonconformities and/or vulnerabilities (software, configuration, behavioural, general security framework). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sarbanes-Oxl
  • Information technology controls have been given increased prominence in corporations listed in the United States by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Internal control is a key element of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) of 1977 and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which required improvements in internal control in United States public corporations. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Physical security - controls to ensure the physical security of information technology from individuals and from environmental risks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study is a randomised controlled trial, in which individuals on sick leave either receive psychoeducation and standard case management or standard case management alone. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This implies that based on the methodology used so far, there seems to be insufficient evidence for the superiority of an external focus of control, neither in healthy individuals nor in clinical populations. (mdpi.com)
  • Studies included were randomised controlled trials, either testing treatment, prophylaxis or post-exposure prophylaxis of healthy adults and children, excluding immunodeficient individuals (malignancy and HIV). (clinicalcorrelations.org)
  • Concentration of media ownership (also known as media consolidation or media convergence) is a process whereby progressively fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • Behavior is frequently studied in conjunction with accident research in order to assess causes and differences in accident involvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulatory
  • Using a unique method of analysing clinical study reports (i.e. unpublished exhaustive clinical summaries of randomised controlled trials of drugs, as opposed to published trials, submitted to regulatory authorities), authors published this week in the British Journal of Medicine a systematic review of such clinical study reports of oseltamivir made available by Roche . (clinicalcorrelations.org)
  • clinical
  • Director Robin Carter, D.P.A. _______________________ Date Division of Social Work iii Abstract of USE OF DEPRESSION MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENTS IN ASSESSING AND TREATING CLIENTS WITH UNIPOLAR DEPRESSION by Diana G. Peck This exploratory study analyzed the extent to which clinical practitioners use depression measurement instruments in assessing unipolar depression, and examined the choice of theoretical approach and the selection of treatment models in ongoing therapy for this mental disorder. (studyres.com)
  • Organizations
  • IT departments in organizations are often led by a Chief Information Officer (CIO), who is responsible for ensuring effective information technology controls are utilized. (wikipedia.org)
  • ensure
  • IT application or program controls are fully automated (i.e., performed automatically by the systems) designed to ensure the complete and accurate processing of data, from input through output. (wikipedia.org)
  • These controls may also help ensure the privacy and security of data transmitted between applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Validity checks - controls that ensure only valid data is input or processed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identification - controls that ensure all users are uniquely and irrefutably identified. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the specific transaction level, internal controls refers to the actions taken to achieve a specific objective (e.g., how to ensure the organization's payments to third parties are for valid services rendered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Entity-level controls are internal controls that help ensure that management directives pertaining to the entire entity are carried out. (wikipedia.org)
  • initiation
  • Study the competencies required to move a business opportunity or solution through conceptualization, initiation, planning, execution, control, and closing, on-time on-budget, and to the satisfaction of the client. (senecacollege.ca)
  • compliance
  • Information systems produce reports, containing operational, financial and compliance related information, that make it possible to run and control the business. (creighton.edu)
  • expectations
  • Early work on the topic of expectations about control of reinforcement had been performed in the 1950s by James and Phares (prepared for unpublished doctoral dissertations supervised by Rotter at The Ohio State University). (wikipedia.org)
  • METHODS
  • METHODS: Forty-four controls (15 males, 15 females, and 14 parous females) and 28 incontinent parous females (with and without a sphincter defect) were studied. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It also recommends best practices and methods of evaluation of an enterprise's IT controls. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • This was interpreted that people could be divided into those who attribute to ability (an internal cause) versus those who attribute to luck (an external cause). (wikipedia.org)
  • Assess People iv. (wikipedia.org)
  • NKSC has carried out extensive research on the effects and impacts of external media on the North Korean people, and has carried out many seminars on information dissemination and control in North Korea. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurements
  • Volume measurements of the anal sphincter complex in healthy controls and fecal-incontinent patients with a three-dimensional reconstruction of endoanal ultrasonography images. (biomedsearch.com)
  • performance
  • The association between childhood school desegregation and later life sense of control and physical performance among African Americans is not clear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We hypothesized that childhood school desegregation adversely affected the sense of control of in later life, and that this reduced sense of control accounts in part for reduced physical performance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Moreover, sense of control scores either partially or fully mediated the statistically significant beneficial associations between childhood school segregation and physical performance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Childhood school desegregation was adversely associated with the sense of control of African Americans in later life, and this reduced sense of control appears, in part, to account for their poorer physical performance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The etiologic mechanism through which childhood school segregation at the time that this cohort experienced it improved the sense of control in later life, which subsequently led to better physical performance, has not been identified. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Control itself exists to keep performance or a state of affairs within what is expected, allowed or accepted. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • Also, since content marketing has become as big a buzzword as data-driven marketing, there's an increasing need to control the prolific output of content in all its forms. (adma.com.au)
  • ITGC include controls over the Information Technology (IT) environment, computer operations, access to programs and data, program development and program changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assess Data i. (wikipedia.org)