• axillary artery
  • axillofemoral bypass insertion of a vascular prosthesis or section of saphenous vein from the axillary artery to the ipsilateral femoral artery to relieve lower limb ischemia in patients in whom normal anatomic placement of a graft is contraindicated, as by abdominal infection or aortic aneurysm. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • axillopopliteal bypass insertion of a vascular prosthesis from the axillary artery to the popliteal artery to relieve lower limb ischemia in patients in whom the femoral artery is unsuitable for axillofemoral bypass. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It originates from the axillary artery and follows the lower border of the Pectoralis minor muscle to the side of the chest, supplies the Serratus anterior muscle and the Pectoralis major muscle, and sends branches across the axilla to the axillary lymph nodes and Subscapularis muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • obstruction
  • The coronary arteriography revealed severe obstruction in the main left coronary artery. (scielo.br)
  • Atherosclerosis is characterized by yellowish plaques of cholesterol, lipids, and cellular debris deposited into the inner layer of the wall of a large or medium-sized coronary artery, most often resulting in a partial obstruction in the affected artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Left main coronary artery obstruction requires two bypasses, one to the LAD and one to the LCX. (wikipedia.org)
  • A single obstruction of the left main coronary artery is associated with a higher risk for a cardiac death and usually receives a double bypass. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The surgeon reviews the coronary angiogram prior to surgery and identifies the number of obstructions, the percent obstruction of each, and the suitability of the arteries beyond the obstruction(s) as targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerves
  • The No-touch technique is where the vein is harvested with the surrounding tissues, keeping the vasa vasorum and the nerves in the adventitia intact. (wikipedia.org)
  • Opposite the heads of the ribs, the sympathetic trunk passes downward in front of them, and the splanchnic nerves also descend in front by the lower arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensory supply is from the 7-12 thoracic nerves The sternalis muscle may be a variant form of the pectoralis major or the rectus abdominis. (wikipedia.org)
  • arterial
  • Impact of Gender on Arterial Revascularization Strategies for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. (amedeo.com)
  • Arteriosclerosis is characterized by thickening, loss of elasticity, and calcification of the arterial wall, most often resulting in a generalized narrowing in the affected coronary artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some structural changes of intima thickening and vein wall remodeling are necessary for vein graft adaptation to the arterial environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The grafting exposes the vein to arterial pressure and flow that causes increased shear stress and wall tension, which further damages the endothelial layer and SMC. (wikipedia.org)
  • The radial artery is often punctured in a common procedure to obtain an arterial blood gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The radial artery is a common site for the insertion of an arterial line, such as for blood pressure monitoring in an intensive care unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • atherosclerosis
  • After 5 years the patency rate drops to 65% and at 10 years GSV patency rates are approximately 50%, with only half of the veins are atherosclerosis free. (wikipedia.org)
  • grafts
  • For example, the presence of obstructing lesions in an artery may be treated by the use of vascular replacements such as bypass grafts. (google.com)
  • VGF may be identified in asymptomatic patients, but can also produce symptoms of ischemia, depending on the area of the supplied territory of the heart, and the function of native arteries and other grafts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The solutions in which vein grafts are stored after harvesting also play an important role. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal cavity
  • The diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity, containing the heart and lungs, from the abdominal cavity and performs an important function in respiration: as the diaphragm contracts, the volume of the thoracic cavity increases and air is drawn into the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • laterally
  • The artery winds laterally around the wrist, passing through the anatomical snuff box and between the heads of the first dorsal interosseous muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • atherosclerotic
  • Vein graft atherosclerotic lesions are more diffuse and concentric, yet less calcified, compared to native atherosclerotic lesions, and are more susceptible to thrombosis formation and rupture. (wikipedia.org)
  • pulmonary
  • Sutureless Versus Conventional Pulmonary Vein Repair: A Magnetic Resonance Pilot Study. (amedeo.com)
  • right heart bypass diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the pulmonary arteries, avoiding the right atrium and right ventricles. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • procedure
  • During the procedure, the surgeon typically incises the skin overlying the surface of the vein. (google.com)
  • The terms single bypass, double bypass, triple bypass, quadruple bypass and quintuple bypass refer to the number of coronary arteries bypassed in the procedure. (wikipedia.org)