• theory
  • Arousal is not a new construct and was originally proposed as an explanatory theory for autism spectrum disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, ASD is a heterogeneous condition and the assumption that hyper-arousal should be a general explanatory theory of autism was too broad. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first theory stresses that emotional arousal is highly genetic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lack of the empathy associated with ASPD is thought to be linked to the low arousal theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • A first trend may include publications written in the 1950s by Meyer, Younblood and Krahenbuehl & Coons that are concerned with objectivization and rationalization of the concepts of arousal, uncertainty, or non-confirmation of a prediction using information theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • Mental stimuli and physical stimuli such as touch, and the internal fluctuation of hormones, can influence sexual arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a case study, there was a significant reduction in verbal and physical aggression following the application of low arousal approaches with an adult with an intellectual disability in a hospital setting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical arousal caused by this syndrome can be very intense and persist for extended periods, days or weeks at a time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The general aggression model suggests the simulated violence of video games may influence a player's thoughts, feelings and physical arousal and this in turn creates a short-term (and possibly a long-term) effect on an individual's interpretation of an aggressive or violent act. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1974
  • Donald Dutton and Arthur Aron's (1974) study to test the causation of misattribution of arousal incorporated an attractive confederate female to wait at the end of a bridge that was either a suspension bridge (that would induce fear) or a sturdy bridge (that would not induce fear). (wikipedia.org)
  • phases
  • T a had no significant effect on the total cost of arousal episodes when all three phases are included. (springer.com)
  • stimuli
  • Things that precipitate human sexual arousal are called erotic stimuli and colloquially known as turn-ons. (wikipedia.org)
  • The potential stimuli for sexual arousal vary from person to person, and from one time to another, as does the level of arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Erotic stimuli which can result in sexual arousal can include conversation, reading, films or images, or a smell or setting, any of which can generate erotic thoughts and memories in a person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people do not feel aroused on every occasion that they are exposed to erotic stimuli, nor act in a sexual way on every arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically, hypo-arousal in people with an ASD has also been proposed as a factor to specific stimuli, although with limited laboratory evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person with low arousal reacts less to stimuli than one without. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorder
  • Arousal disorder in patients with cardiac failure? (rxpgnews.com)
  • A study in the Jan. 1 issue of the journal Sleep demonstrates that the frequent arousals from sleep that occur in heart failure patients with central sleep apnoea (CSA) may reflect the presence of another underlying arousal disorder rather than being a defensive mechanism to terminate apnoeas. (rxpgnews.com)
  • The authors suggest that hear failure patients with CSA may have a "predisposition to hyperarousability," and in some there may be an underlying arousal disorder accompanied by sleep disruption that is neither a consequence of CSA nor of impaired cardiac function. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Animal research on arousal has attempted to link deficiencies to conditions such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Alzheimer's disease, and autism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term is often used in the diagnosis of women (female sexual arousal disorder), while the term erectile dysfunction (ED) is often used for men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contrary to popular belief, the disorder is not always caused from a lack of sexual arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • The Shaw Festival's new production of Linda Griffiths' Age of Arousal , freely adapted from George Gissing's novel "The Odd Women," a play about women typists in Victorian England, begins previews July 23 at the Court House Theatre in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. (playbill.com)
  • There is a common belief that women need more time to achieve arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • The Yerkes-Dodson law states that an optimal level of arousal for performance exists, and too little or too much arousal can adversely affect task performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dermer, M., & Bersheid, E. Self-report of arousal as an indicant of activation level. (springer.com)
  • In the first condition, the men who were surveyed during their cross over the bridge would have had their arousal level increased as they were speaking to the woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus factors other than sleep apnoea such as pulmonary congestion during the night, other comorbidities, or medications, may explain the frequent arousals that heart failure patients experience. (rxpgnews.com)
  • psychology
  • Misattribution of arousal is a term in psychology which describes the process whereby people make a mistake in assuming what is causing them to feel aroused. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • One of the initial studies looking into this phenomenon conducted by Schachter and Singer (1962) was based on the idea that the experience of arousal could be ambiguous and therefore misattributed to an incorrect stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • A theoretical rationale for a collection of short-term non-aversive behaviour management strategies described as low arousal approaches is to avoid the use of punishing consequences to behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • show
  • Results indicate that after three months of treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, heart failure patients with CSA show no significant improvement in the frequency of their arousals or in their sleep structure even though breathing pauses are significantly reduced by 55 percent from 35.4 central apneas and hypopnoeas per hour to 16.1 events per hour. (rxpgnews.com)
  • female
  • More males contacted the female experimenter when they had just walked down the suspension bridge, which was thought to be due to their misattribution of their arousal (they believed that they were feeling sexual arousal at the sight of the female instead of feeling the leftover physiological arousal from the fear of walking across the suspension bridge). (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • According to the authors, arousals in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are considered to be an important defense mechanism to terminate apnoeas, and treating OSA with CPAP immediately reduces the frequency of arousals. (rxpgnews.com)
  • In heart failure patients with CSA, arousal from sleep may be incidental to, or play a causative role in, the development of CSA by rendering the respiratory control system unstable. (rxpgnews.com)
  • A low arousal approach deals with how staff handles patients who are easily aroused (in a non-sexual sense). (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • Bradley said, "These results indicate that unlike OSA, arousals from sleep in CSA are not protective, but probably have the opposite effect: they appear to be causative. (rxpgnews.com)
  • system
  • The limbic system is important for control of mood, and the nucleus accumbens signal excitement and arousal. (wikipedia.org)