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  • 2002
  • No. 6,467,485 to Schmidt, entitled "anti-snoring device and method", issued October 2002, discusses an apparatus that inhibits snoring by having a handle and a distal free end that is disposed at an angle relative to the handle to facilitate placing the distal free end against the soft palate at the back of a throat. (google.com)
  • muscles
  • The suprahyoid branch of the lingual artery runs along the upper border of the hyoid bone and supplies blood to the attached muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • He picked up on Darwin's concept of "rudimentary" organs such as listed in The Descent of Man: the muscles of the ear, wisdom teeth, the appendix, the coccyx (tail bone), body hair, and the semilunar fold in the corner of the eye. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are 3 types of muscle, all found within the equine: Skeletal muscle: Contraction of these muscles leads to the muscle pulling a tendon, which in turn pulls a bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle is covered by a fibrous tissue called fascia, to which other muscles can attach, and muscles attach to bone via tendons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tendons attach muscles and bone, and are classified as flexors (flex a joint) or extensors (extend a joint). (wikipedia.org)
  • thyrohyoid
  • Our hypotheses are that hyoid apparatus injury will be more common in large breed dogs than in small breed dogs or cats, and the most commonly fractured bone will be the thyrohyoid (somewhat analogous to the greater cornua). (avmi.net)
  • cervical
  • The cervical halfrings, protecting the neck, have each an underlying continuous band of bone and the borders between the segments of these rings are covered by extra armour plates entirely hiding these connections from view. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiocephalicus: originates from the temporal bone, atlas, and 3rd and 4th cervical vertebrae, and inserts on the humerus. (wikipedia.org)
  • homologous
  • In other tetrapods, such as amphibians and reptiles, homologous bones to those of mammals, such as the quadrate, articular, columella, and entoglossus are part of the splanchnocranium. (wikipedia.org)
  • fracture
  • The objective of this study is to describe the prevalence of hyoid bone injury (fracture or luxation) in computed tomographic (CT) studies of dogs and cats. (avmi.net)
  • Hyoid fracture or luxation was present in 8 dogs, 75% (6/8) of which had no history of trauma. (avmi.net)
  • petrous
  • It begins in the anterior wall of the tympanic cavity, below the septum canalis musculotubarii, and, gradually narrowing, ends at the angle of junction of the squamous and the petrous parts of the temporal bone, its extremity presenting a jagged margin which serves for the attachment of the cartilaginous part. (wikipedia.org)
  • cavity
  • The innermost portion of the bone is a hollow cavity containing marrow. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The pre-neanderthal (Homo Heidelbergensis) finds at the Atapuerca site near Burgos in Spain offer one of the most promising directions for paleoanthropological research: to establish the degree of oral communication in that species by reconstruction of the sound-producing mechanism (hyoid) and hearing apparatus (bone structure and inner-ear cavity). (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • 2. An apparatus for treating a condition of a patient's airway, said apparatus comprising: a lever sized to be implanted within a patient's airway with a first end disposed abutting a fulcrum in a throat of said patient and with a force transmitting portion disposed opposing a posterior side of a hyoid bone of said patient, a tensioner for urging said force transmitting portion toward a jawbone of said patient. (google.com)
  • 6. An apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said tensioner is adapted for a length of said tensioner to be shortened between said anterior and posterior ends. (google.com)
  • 7. An apparatus according to claim 6 wherein said tensioner includes a tensioning member between said anterior and posterior ends with said tensioning member retained in a stretched state by a bio-resorbable member selected to resorb after placement of said tensioner in said tissue. (google.com)
  • wherein
  • 3. An apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said lever is a cable. (google.com)
  • 8. An apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said condition is snoring. (google.com)
  • 11. An apparatus according to claim 10 wherein said stiffening members are selected to induce a contracting fibrosis to a material of said contractor. (google.com)
  • 12. An apparatus according to claim 11 wherein said stiffening members are spaced apart for fibrosis to interconnect between said members. (google.com)
  • 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the barrier extends from the first end of the body beyond the breathing gas inlet. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 3. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the barrier comprises a wall of the body. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 5. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the body has a cylindrical shape. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 6. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the breathing gas inlet has a cross-sectional area greater than the breathing gas outlet. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 8. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the baffle is positioned approximately at a cross-sectional center of the body such that the baffle defines a channel between a peripheral edge of the baffle and an inner wall of the body. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the peripheral edge of the baffle has a circular shape. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the baffle has a concavity facing toward the breathing gas inlet. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 15. The nebulizer system according to claim 11, further comprising a breathing device, wherein the breathing gas outlet of the apparatus extends through the outlet port of the adaptor, and the breathing device is coupled to the breathing gas outlet of the apparatus. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • connective
  • Blood vessels enter the channels, bearing with them small cells of connective tissue, some of which become osteoblasts, cells that form true bone. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • species
  • Some species, particularly those of Madagascar and some African genera in rainforest habitats, have blue fluorescence in their skull tubercles, deriving from bones and possibly serving a signaling role. (wikipedia.org)
  • Association between presence of hyoid injury and each risk factor was tested using the 2-sample t-test (age and weight) and Fisher's exact test (breed, sex, and species). (avmi.net)
  • stapes
  • Hearing highly developed due to three middle ear bones: malius, incus, stapes, and external pinnae. (shsu.edu)
  • Hyomandibular bone has now become the stapes - used for hearing. (prezi.com)
  • fibrous
  • They are connected to the body of the bone by fibrous tissue, and occasionally to the greater horns by distinct diarthrodial joints , which usually persist throughout life, but occasionally become ankylosed . (wikipedia.org)
  • Its composition is fibrous rather than solid and it gives bone its resiliency. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • lesser
  • The lesser horns are two small, conical eminences, attached by their bases to the angles of junction between the body and greater horns of the hyoid bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ossification commences in the greater cornua toward the end of fetal development , in the hyoid body shortly afterward, and in the lesser cornua during the first or second year after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • articulation
  • A characteristic of laryngeally echolocating microbats that distinguishes them from other echolocating microbats is the articulation of their stylohyal bone with their tympanic bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • greater
  • strangulation or hanging), and the greater cornua of the hyoid bone is most commonly fractured. (avmi.net)
  • The proportion of hyoid injury was greater among shepherd-type dogs (20.0% [2/ than among all the other breeds combined (1.7% [4/ (p=0.0215). (avmi.net)
  • includes
  • The method includes generating an aerosolized medicament, providing the aerosolized medicament to the adaptor, passing the aerosolized medicament through the barrier of the apparatus, providing a breathing gas to the apparatus, and flowing the aerosolized medicament and the breathing gas through the breathing gas outlet of the apparatus. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • During the power-stretching, even without yawning, the hyoid bone travels down and therefore mammalian breathing apparatus exercising includes also initiation of the ancient progenitor, even in its initial form with closed mouth. (naturalmotioncenter.com)
  • lower
  • The arms and hands of Pelecanimimus were more typical of ornithomimosaurs, with the ulna and radius bones in the lower arm tightly adhered to each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • For statistical analysis, the outcome of interest was presence or absence of hyoid injury. (avmi.net)
  • Hyoid injury may be more common in shepherd-type dogs. (avmi.net)
  • larynx
  • In veterinary anatomy, the term hyoid apparatus is the collective term used to refer to the bones associated with the larynx - a pair of stylohyoidea, a pair of thyrohyoidea, a pair of epihyoidea, a pair of ceratohyoidea, and unpaired basihyoideum - and associated, upper-gular connective tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stylohyal bones are part of the hyoid apparatus that help support the throat and larynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ability to roar has an anatomical basis, often involving modifications to the larynx and hyoid bone and enlarged internal air spaces for low-frequency acoustic resonance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elephants possess a pharyngeal pouch associated with their larynx and hyoid apparatus, and their roars can also be modified by the nostrils in their trunks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The subdivision of the Felidae into "purring cats" on the one hand and "roaring cats" on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitively introduced by Pocock (1916), based on whether the hyoid bone of the larynx is incompletely ("roarers") or completely ("purrers") ossified. (wikipedia.org)
  • cervical
  • The cervical halfrings, protecting the neck, have each an underlying continuous band of bone and the borders between the segments of these rings are covered by extra armour plates entirely hiding these connections from view. (wikipedia.org)
  • roar
  • The structure of the hyoid bone can play a role in an animal's ability to roar. (wikipedia.org)
  • leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. (wikipedia.org)
  • All remaining species of the family Felidae ('purring cats') have a completely ossified hyoid, which enables them to purr but not to roar. (wikipedia.org)
  • palatine
  • the pterygoid is connected with the maxillary by the ectopterygoid or transverse bone, which may be very long, and the maxillary often emits a process towards the palatine, the latter bone being usually produced inwards and upwards towards the anterior extremity of the basisphenoid. (wikipedia.org)
  • skull
  • porous inside), 4) their brains fit snugly into skulls, " preventing the organ from banging around ", 5) the orientation of the brain " creates more surface area to absorb … exacting blows " and 6) " the hyoid apparatus, a bone-and-muscle structure that wraps around a woodpecker's skull, also keeps the brain safe . (blogspot.com)
  • The skull of fishes is formed from a series of loosely connected bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The roof of the skull is generally well formed, and although the exact relationship of its bones to those of tetrapods is unclear, they are usually given similar names for convenience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The skull roof is not fully formed, and consists of multiple, somewhat irregularly shaped bones with no direct relationship to those of tetrapods. (wikipedia.org)
  • The typical snake skull has a solidly ossified braincase, with the separate frontal bones and the united parietal bones extending downward to the basisphenoid, which is large and extends forward into a rostrum extending to the ethmoidal region. (wikipedia.org)
  • tetrapods
  • In other tetrapods, such as amphibians and reptiles, homologous bones to those of mammals, such as the quadrate, articular, columella, and entoglossus are part of the splanchnocranium. (wikipedia.org)
  • ulna
  • The arms and hands of Pelecanimimus were more typical of ornithomimosaurs, with the ulna and radius bones in the lower arm tightly adhered to each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • transverse
  • In both the transverse bone and the supratemporal are absent, but the coronoid element is present in the mandible. (wikipedia.org)
  • vocal
  • Based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, which is rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid. (wikipedia.org)
  • limbs
  • some have only concealed vestigial bones as a remnant of what were their limbs in the distant past. (wikipedia.org)
  • articulation
  • A characteristic of laryngeally echolocating microbats that distinguishes them from other echolocating microbats is the articulation of their stylohyal bone with their tympanic bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • skeleton
  • The blastema as a whole has the general form of the future skeleton (as shown in Lewis's and Bardeen's reconstructions), but though the general positions where the scapula and the long bones will appear later can already be distinguished, there is no sign of any morphological differentiation at these sites. (edu.au)
  • borders
  • The postfrontal bone, usually present, borders the orbit behind, rarely also above, and in the pythons a supraorbital bone is intercalated between it and the prefrontal bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • other important studies have examined the histology of postcranial bones as increases in bone density often happen early in semiaquatic lineages. (blogspot.com.br)
  • structure
  • Because bones come in a variety of shapes and have a complex internal and external structure they are lightweight, yet strong and hard, in addition to fulfilling their many other functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • side
  • The upper side of the humerus is very broad, equalling 70% of the total length of the bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • base
  • The processus praepubicus is straight without widening at the end or grooves, and in the base is not closed, the obturator foramen in the base and is half covered on the inside with a flat bone plate. (wikipedia.org)