• impulsivity
  • In psychology, impulsivity (or impulsiveness) is a tendency to act on a whim, displaying behavior characterized by little or no forethought, reflection, or consideration of the consequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurobiological findings suggest that there are specific brain regions involved in impulsive behavior, although different brain networks may contribute to different manifestations of impulsivity, and that genetics may play a role. (wikipedia.org)
  • High PCL-R scores are positively associated with measures of impulsivity and aggression, Machiavellianism, persistent criminal behavior, and negatively associated with measures of empathy and affiliation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive
  • He had led an active and successful life as a general practitioner until he rapidly became unable to continue his work because of cognitive deficits, attention problems, irritability, mood changes (dysphoria alternating with episodes of constricted affect and anxiety), and ritualised behaviours. (bmj.com)
  • Antisocial youth with CU traits tend to have a range of distinctive cognitive characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • inhibition
  • According to inhibition theory, it is natural for one to alternate between periods of attention and distraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, for girls, deficits in inhibition and shifting and working memory were associated with higher ratings of relational aggression, but for boys, poor inhibition predicted higher relational aggression. (ubc.ca)
  • There is some evidence to support deficits in response inhibition as one such marker. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically
  • Specifically, the mechanism of directed attention employs the prefrontal cortex (PFC), the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the brain stem's basal ganglia. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavioural
  • Other common neurological features are seizures, syncope, or stroke-like events, often combined with a frontal subcortical pattern of behavioural dysfunction and psychiatric symptoms such as psychosis, mood disorders, and dementia. (bmj.com)
  • aggression
  • Recent developmental research has documented links between executive functioning deficits and physical aggression, but the role of executive functioning in physical aggression's more cognitively complex counterpart, relational aggression, is less established and may differ across boys and girls. (ubc.ca)
  • violent
  • For instance, McCabe, et al (2005,p.575) conducted an experiment with an aim of testing the hypothesis that those children who are exposed to violent behavior end up developing conduct problems during their adolescence. (customwritings.com)
  • developmental disorders
  • Både nationellt och internationellt har jag en rad olika förtroendeuppdrag, till exempel som gästforskare vid Centralinstitutet för mental hälsa vid Heidelbergs universitet, gästforskare vid Curtin University i Perth, grundare och styrelsemedlem i Scientific Society Autism Spectrum, redaktör för "Autism: the international journal of research and practice", biträdande redaktör för the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, och chefredaktör för Scandinavian Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology. (ki.se)
  • hypothesis
  • Of those focusing on the prefrontal cortex, the most prominent are the somatic marker hypothesis ( Damasio, 1994 ) and the response modulation deficit hypothesis (for a review see Newman, 1998 ). (rcpsych.org)
  • impairment
  • However, studies also show that children diagnosed with Conduct Disorder seem to have an impairment in the frontal lobe of the brain, the part which we use to avoid harm, learn from negative experiences, and plan ahead. (6543654.com)
  • Neuropsychological testing has shown that children and teens with conduct disorders seem to have an impairment in the frontal lobe of the brain. (novanthealth.org)
  • Neuropsychological deficits included a severe dysexecutive syndrome, anterograde amnesia, and attentional impairment. (bmj.com)
  • A neuropsychological investigation showed a severe impairment of memory functions, verbal more than figural, and reduced psychomotor speed and verbal associative skills (table 1), but no ideomotor apraxia, dysarthria, or visuoconstructive impairment. (bmj.com)
  • prefrontal cortex
  • Some fMRI studies have shown that directed attention involves changes in the anterior cingulate cortex and the lateral prefrontal cortex, perhaps as a consequence of increased connectivity between these two areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • If the caregiver is able to provide therapeutic intervention teaching children at risk better empathy skills, the child will have a lower incident level of conduct disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The interplay between genetic and environmental risk factors may play a role in the expression of these traits as a conduct disorder (CD). (wikipedia.org)
  • traits
  • Hypoactivity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in combination with CU traits seem to cause antisocial behavior even without external hardships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children with high CU traits are less responsive to time-out and other punishment techniques than are healthy children as they are unperturbed by the threat of punishment and time-out does not seem to bother them, so their behavior does not improve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reward-based disciplining techniques, such as praise and reinforcement, tend to have a greater effect than punishing techniques on children with high CU traits in reducing antisocial behavior. (wikipedia.org)