• HAART
  • This study will determine whether HIV-infected children on HAART have evidence of specific immunologic memory 3 to 4 years after vaccination in PACTG P1024. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • prevalence
  • She concluded that overall prevalence of drug resistance is 10% in Europe. (natap.org)
  • In fact, according to 2008 UNAIDS estimates, this southeast African nation possesses the 8th highest HIV prevalence in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, with time, HIV prevalence within Mozambique began to propagate to such extraordinarily high levels that the government was forced to act in order to save as much of its poor and dying population as possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first governmental response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic occurred in 1988 with the establishment of four sentinel surveys in Maputo, Beira, Chimoio, and Tete to keep track of HIV prevalence within the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIDS
  • Mozambique is a country particularly hard-hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. (wikipedia.org)
  • A surge toward the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS in women and children has additionally aided in Mozambique's aim to fulfill its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, since the end of the civil war in 1992, rural areas of Mozambique continue to face repercussions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, prominently due to the inability of the nation to quickly rehabilitate as a result of inadequate funds allocated towards addressing both educational and healthcare system infrastructural repairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • What's more, women and children are more likely than men to experience a general lack of awareness of the cause, transmission, and ways of prevention of HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • With 1,600,000 Mozambicans (11.5 percent of the population) living with HIV, 990,000 of which are women and children, Mozambique's government realizes that there is much work to be done on the path towards the eradication of this infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • Experiments show that a drug called sirolimus, which is used to prevent the immune system from rejecting transplanted organs, can inhibit cancer cell growth by blocking the mTOR protein. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • levels
  • 1. Drugs, such as rifampin and rifabutin, which induce hepatic enzymes are likely to result in decreased levels of saquinavir and, therefore, should be avoided where possible. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • individuals
  • Over 50 % of healthy individuals and 90 % of individuals living with HIV are seropositive for cytomegalovirus (CMV). (biomedcentral.com)
  • When comparing any studies on the rate of drug resistance and transmission in newly infected individuals, it is important to consider that their may be significant differences between the studies in the patient population studies and in the geographic areas studied. (natap.org)
  • studies
  • In these studies it appears as if the increasing trends we saw in the transmission of drug resistance may be leveling off but in discussion with some of the researchers they feel we may see increases in near future years. (natap.org)
  • Management
  • Participants who are assigned to the case management and referral arm will be enrolled in an established case management and adherence program in the Johns Hopkins HIV Clinic (Project LINK). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Transmission
  • In addition, the mutations may remain longer in genital secretions which may promote transmission of drug-resistant virus. (natap.org)
  • time
  • Immediately following this fight, in 1977, a 15-year civil war broke out, an event that concluded in 1992, around the same time that HIV first swept through the southern regions of Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, opt-out HIV diagnostic tests were offered to pregnant women for the first time. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • By the year 2001, HIV had infected more than one million people, 53,000 of which were children under 18 years of age and 570,000 of which were women. (wikipedia.org)
  • case
  • Mozambique's first case of HIV was reported in 1986 in the Cabo Delgado province. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several
  • Several campaigns and organizations have been initiated since 1986 in order to combat the HIV epidemic in various ways and by reaching various sectors of Mozambican society. (wikipedia.org)