• Infections
  • As the nature of the HIV epidemic changes, there is increasingly an overlap between the populations at risk for acquiring HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections because of shared routes of transmission. (natap.org)
  • Injection drug use is the fastest growing risk for both infections, accounting for 26% of new HIV infections in Canada in 1999. (natap.org)
  • Before the nationwide introduction of ART, only cotrimoxazole prophylaxis and drugs to diminish the effects of opportunistic infections were administered to people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). (wikipedia.org)
  • Untreated coinfections, such as malaria, tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can also propagate the spread of HIV within a population through the weakening of the host's immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • They will evaluate the composition of the strain of the virus that patients carry (HIV genotype), response of the immune system to the virus, and how genes may determine the way in which the drug may or may not work against the strain of virus. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Determine the feasibility of maintaining optimal ART in HIV-1 infected patients during allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). (knowcancer.com)
  • The aim of the investigators study is to demonstrate in healthy subjects and a cohort of patients infected with HIV, the presence of miRNAs in circulating peripheral blood microparticles (MPs). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • AIDS
  • Mozambique is a country particularly hard-hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. (wikipedia.org)
  • A surge toward the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS in women and children has additionally aided in Mozambique's aim to fulfill its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). (wikipedia.org)
  • The first governmental response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic occurred in 1988 with the establishment of four sentinel surveys in Maputo, Beira, Chimoio, and Tete to keep track of HIV prevalence within the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, since the end of the civil war in 1992, rural areas of Mozambique continue to face repercussions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, prominently due to the inability of the nation to quickly rehabilitate as a result of inadequate funds allocated towards addressing both educational and healthcare system infrastructural repairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • What's more, women and children are more likely than men to experience a general lack of awareness of the cause, transmission, and ways of prevention of HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phase
  • A pre-study phase is first realised to characterize those in the MSM population undergoing HIV testing, before promoting and then beginning the survey. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Treatment
  • Documenting the success factors in the scale-up of HIV care and treatment in resource constrained settings will enable health systems to prepare for changing population health needs. (ac.ke)
  • HIV could additionally spread through the use of unclean needles and syringes for injections and treatment within Mozambican healthcare settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • This study describes changing demographic and clinical characteristics of adult pre-ART cohorts, and identifies predictors of pre-ART attrition at a large urban HIV clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. (ac.ke)
  • At the screening visit, documentation of HIV status is required, and blood and urine collection, a physical exam, medical history, and clinical assessment will occur. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • disease
  • End-stage liver disease has become a leading cause of death in HIV-infected persons. (natap.org)
  • With 1,600,000 Mozambicans (11.5 percent of the population) living with HIV, 990,000 of which are women and children, Mozambique's government realizes that there is much work to be done on the path towards the eradication of this infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • epidemic
  • Several campaigns and organizations have been initiated since 1986 in order to combat the HIV epidemic in various ways and by reaching various sectors of Mozambican society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • This study will examine the effects of atorvastatin, a statin (drug that lowers cholesterol) on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • feasibility
  • The aim is to explore the feasibility and limitations of offering community based rapid HIV testing to men who have sex with men (MSM). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • studies
  • However, previous studies have suggested that if the amount of cholesterol in infected cells is reduced, multiplication of HIV is also reduced. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Background: Studies have shown that knowing one's own HIV positive status, may lead to a reduction in sexual risk behaviours. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • levels
  • These include the HIV viral load, KSHV secretion in saliva, the CD4 count, serum VEGF levels, and serum IL-6 levels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Baseline HIV RNA levels (p=0.7) and other characteristics were not associated with developing resistance. (ac.ke)
  • Changes in reported fatigue levels measured weekly, via the Paper Fatigue Scale (PFS), and the HIV-Related Fatigue Scale (HRFS). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • However, with time, HIV prevalence within Mozambique began to propagate to such extraordinarily high levels that the government was forced to act in order to save as much of its poor and dying population as possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • A community-based rapid HIV testing program could better target the high risk MSM population and shorten the delay between risky behaviour and HIV testing. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • years
  • By the year 2001, HIV had infected more than one million people, 53,000 of which were children under 18 years of age and 570,000 of which were women. (wikipedia.org)
  • rapid
  • During evenings and week-ends (i.e. when the centers are closed) only community based rapid HIV testing will be proposed. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In the long term, and if the results are confirmed, rapid HIV testing could be extended to strictly community-based sites. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • population
  • We expect to find that those MSM who undergo community based HIV testing during evenings or week-ends, is a population who take repeated sexual risks and who have repeated HIV testing. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • community
  • Objective: This research agreement brings together French and Canadian teams of scientists, HIV testing centers and community based partners. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • people
  • The incidence and severity of HZ and PHN increase as immune function decreases, as in elderly or HIV-infected people. (clinicaltrials.gov)