• bleach
  • US government regulations allow food processing equipment and food contact surfaces to be sanitized with solutions containing bleach, provided that the solution is allowed to drain adequately before contact with food, and that the solutions do not exceed 200 parts per million (ppm) available chlorine (for example, one tablespoon of typical household bleach containing 5.25% sodium hypochlorite, per gallon of water). (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern bleaches resulted from the work of 18th century scientists including Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele, who discovered chlorine, French scientists Claude Berthollet, who recognized that chlorine could be used to bleach fabrics and who first made sodium hypochlorite (Eau de Javel, or Javel water, named after a quarter in Paris where it was produced) and Antoine Germain Labarraque, who discovered the disinfecting ability of hypochlorites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium perborate as a laundry bleach had been used in Europe since the early twentieth century, but did not become popular in North America until the 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bleach, particularly sodium hypochlorite, has been shown to react with a microbe's heat shock proteins, stimulating their role as intra-cellular chaperone and causing the bacteria to form into clumps (much like an egg that has been boiled) that will eventually die off. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the best-known hypochlorites is NaClO, the active ingredient in bleach. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Toxic cyanide is oxidized to cyanate (OCN−) that is not toxic, idealized as follows: CN− + OCl− → OCN− + Cl− Sodium hypochlorite is commonly used as a biocide in industrial applications to control slime and bacteria formation in water systems used at power plants, pulp and paper mills, etc., in solutions typically of 10-15% by weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • E. faecalis is resistant to many commonly used antimicrobial agents (aminoglycosides, aztreonam, cephalosporins, clindamycin, the semisynthetic penicillins nafcillin and oxacillin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole). (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Silver nanoparticle -modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposites (AgCNTs) were synthesized by photochemical reduction method, their antimicrobial effect on both Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria, using E. coli and Bacillus anthracis as model bacteria, respectively, were investigated. (omicsonline.org)
  • Neutrophils of the human immune system produce small amounts of hypochlorite inside phagosomes, which digest bacteria and viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The same study found that at low (micromolar) sodium hypochlorite levels, E. coli and Vibrio cholerae activate a defense mechanism that helps protect the bacteria, though the implications of this defense mechanism have not been fully investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biocompatible with periradicular tissues Non cytotoxic to cells, but antimicrobial to bacteria Non-resorbable Minimal leakage around the margins. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterial
  • and subjecting the outer package, the containment compartment and the suture to time, temperature and pressure conditions sufficient to vapor transfer an effective amount of the antimicrobial agent from the suture to the containment compartment, while retaining an effective amount of said antimicrobial agent on the suture, thereby substantially inhibiting bacterial colonization on the suture and the containment compartment. (google.com)
  • Effective
  • Such combination strategy could be broadly applicable to the improvement of existing antimicrobial methods or design/discover new effective antimicrobial agents/methods. (omicsonline.org)
  • Studies indicate short term, limited or intermittent use of antimicrobial rinse containing sodium hypochlorite is effective self-care for patients with PDD. (carifree.com)
  • 2. The method for making a packaged antimicrobial suture according to claim 1 , wherein said step of subjecting the outer package, the containment compartment and the suture to conditions sufficient to vapor transfer an effective amount of the antimicrobial agent from the suture to an inner surface of the containment compartment, while retaining an effective amount of said antimicrobial agent on the suture includes an ethylene oxide sterilization process. (google.com)
  • mechanisms
  • The synergistic or enhanced effect of the combination of AgCNTs with other antimicrobial relied on the combination of different action mechanisms in which AgCNTs played a role to damage cell membrane which allowed easier access for other small antimicrobial molecules to penetrate into cells. (omicsonline.org)
  • rinse
  • 7. The method according to claim 6 wherein the poultry is contacted with the antimicrobial composition in scald-tanks, rinse systems, dip systems or in immersion chillers. (patents.com)
  • agents
  • Dong X, Koo Y, Tang Y, Yun Y, Yang L (2015) Superior Antibacterial Activity of Photochemical Synthesized Ag-CNT Composites and their Synergistic Effects in Combination with other Antimicrobial Agents. (omicsonline.org)
  • Traditional antimicrobial agents may be broadly classified into organic and inorganic materials. (omicsonline.org)
  • While most bleaches are oxidizing agents, some are reducing agents such as sodium dithionite and sodium borohydride. (wikipedia.org)
  • wherein
  • 4. The method for making a packaged antimicrobial suture according to claim 3 , wherein the step of introducing a chemical sterilization agent comprises introducing ethylene oxide gas into the sterilization unit. (google.com)
  • 8. The method according to claim 6 wherein the poultry is contacted with the antimicrobial composition during scalding, washing and/or chilling. (patents.com)
  • 10. The method according to claim 1 wherein the composition excludes chlorine-containing antimicrobials. (patents.com)
  • agent
  • positioning a suture within the containment compartment, said suture comprising one or more surfaces having an antimicrobial agent disposed. (google.com)
  • practice
  • This article reviews the potential complications that occur with sodium hypochlorite in clinical practice, discusses the measures that can be taken to minimize the risks and provides details to appropriate management in rare cases of suspected tissue damage. (omicsonline.org)