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  • ischaemic
  • In this study on ischaemia-induced and reperfusion-induced injury, we found that the most widely used cardioprotective drugs in CAD unfavourably impacted the cardiac outcomes in rats after ischaemic preconditioning. (bmj.com)
  • artery
  • Bridging is typically described for left anterior descending artery (LAD), with the mid LAD considered the most common location 5 , however, other major coronary arteries can also be involved 2 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • cardiac
  • The Principal Investigator at each site will evaluate the results of the objective cardiac tests combined with biomarker evidence of myocardial necrosis to determine whether or not a patient enrolled at their site has a final diagnosis of ACS. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Imaging tests such as stress radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging or stress echocardiography can confirm a diagnosis when a person's history, physical exam, ECG and cardiac biomarkers suggest the likelihood of a problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiac markers or cardiac enzymes are proteins that leak out of injured myocardial cells through their damaged cell membranes into the bloodstream. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now, the markers most widely used in detection of MI are MB subtype of the enzyme creatine kinase and cardiac troponins T and I as they are more specific for myocardial injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • BACKGROUND: Although myocardial bridges (MBs) are traditionally regarded as incidental findings, it has been reported that adult patients with symptomatic MBs refractory to medical therapy benefit from unroofing. (stanford.edu)
  • patients
  • Myocardial bridging does not produce any symptoms in the majority of patients. (radiopaedia.org)
  • 2 mm) may cause symptoms of angina or ischemia in some patients. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Results Myocardial bridging by CTA was observed in 32 ABS patients (76%): 23 with partial encasement and 9 with full encasement. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Conclusions Our study showed that myocardial bridging of the LAD is a frequent finding in ABS patients as revealed both by CA and, mostly, by CTA, suggesting a role of myocardial bridging as potential substrate in the pathogenesis of ABS. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Although the coronary arteries of ABS patients are described as normal, an association between ABS and myocardial bridge has been recently reported ( 6-8 ). (onlinejacc.org)
  • It was convened by the British Journal of Cardiology to discuss these issues, with the aim of achieving consensus on the most appropriate management of patients with stable angina within Europe. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • The 12 lead ECG is used to classify patients into one of three groups: those with ST segment elevation or new bundle branch block (suspicious for acute injury and a possible candidate for acute reperfusion therapy with thrombolytics or primary PCI), those with ST segment depression or T wave inversion (suspicious for ischemia), and those with a so-called non-diagnostic or normal ECG. (wikipedia.org)
  • grafts
  • You elect to perform transmyocardial revascularisation to the circumflex territory, prior to placing the grafts, but you resolve to review the literature to check that you have not unnecessarily increased the risk of mortality for this patient, and that this additional procedure might improve the chances or resolving your patient's angina. (bestbets.org)
  • Free vein grafts are also used frequently during reconstructive surgery in situations where recipient vessels are damaged or are otherwise inadequate and require bridging vein grafts to connect graft and recipient blood vessels or to restore vessel length in situations where recipient vessels have been surgically debrided. (wikipedia.org)
  • CABG
  • In addition a systematic review recently published by the STS as a guideline for the use of TMR with or without CABG as treatment for refractory angina was included. (bestbets.org)
  • stable
  • Stable angina is the most common manifestation of coronary heart disease. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • Guidelines for the management of stable angina are relatively conservative in their approach, given their process of development. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • Moreover, stable angina management has not been as rigorously evaluated in large randomised trials as other coronary conditions. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • Stable angina, assessed according to the Rose Angina Questionnaire, is estimated to affect about 6% of individuals (both men and women) across 31 countries. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • The Euro-Heart Survey provides insights into how the management of stable angina has evolved. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • assessment
  • Images taken during dynamic exercise or pharmacologically induced stress (using vasodilators such as adenosine or beta-agonist such as dobutamine) and rest injections enable independent assessment of myocardial perfusion and viability. (medscape.com)
  • Results
  • He studied the effects of acidosis and ischaemia on myocardial function and Ca exchange and his early results suggested that developed force and Ca exchange were more responsive to acidosis within the cell than to extracellular acidosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • stress
  • Arrows indicate a small perfusion defect on the backside of the heart (visible only on the stress images), showing ischemia in this region of the heart wall. (medscape.com)
  • lead
  • The 12 lead ECG is used to classify patients into one of three groups: those with ST segment elevation or new bundle branch block (suspicious for acute injury and a possible candidate for acute reperfusion therapy with thrombolytics or primary PCI), those with ST segment depression or T wave inversion (suspicious for ischemia), and those with a so-called non-diagnostic or normal ECG. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Free vein grafts are also used frequently during reconstructive surgery in situations where recipient vessels are damaged or are otherwise inadequate and require bridging vein grafts to connect graft and recipient blood vessels or to restore vessel length in situations where recipient vessels have been surgically debrided. (wikipedia.org)