• bicuspid aorti
  • Coronary artery disease Hypertension Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Hypercholesterolemia Hyperhomocysteinemia Elevated C-reactive protein Tobacco use Peripheral vascular disease Marfan syndrome Ehlers-Danlos type IV Bicuspid Aortic Valve Syphilis IgG4-related disease Pregnancy An aortic aneurysm can occur as a result of trauma, infection, or, most commonly, from an intrinsic abnormality in the elastin and collagen components of the aortic wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • A deficiency can be associated with bicuspid aortic valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • Ten years experience of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm surgical repair: lessons learn. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Finally, novel approaches, including combined hybrid surgical and endovascular treatment, and new technologies, including branched and fenestrated stent grafts for the treatment of complex aortic pathology, are examined. (springer.com)
  • Open aortic surgery ("OAS", also known as Open aortic repair, "OAR") describes a technique whereby an abdominal or retroperitoneal surgical incision is used to visualize and control the aorta for purposes of treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to the advent of EVAR, OAS was the only surgical treatment available for aortic aneurysms. (wikipedia.org)
  • once the aneurysm reaches about 5 cm, the yearly risk of rupture may exceed the risks of surgical repair for an average-risk patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aortic rupture is a surgical emergency, and has a high mortality even with prompt treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weekend admission for ruptured aortic aneurysm is associated with an increased mortality compared with admission on a weekday, and this is likely due to several factors including a delay in prompt surgical intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conventional approach for treatment of aortic valve stenosis is surgical replacement of the aortic valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, TAVI (transcatheter aortic valve implantation) has emerged as a valid alternative for patients in whom conventional surgical techniques are considered too invasive and risky. (wikipedia.org)
  • arteries
  • A number of techniques exist for maintaining perfusion to the viscera and spinal cord during open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair, including left heart bypass, balloon perfusion catheter placement in the visceral arteries, selective spinal drainage and cold crystalloid renal perfusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repair is also warranted for aneurysms that rapidly enlarge or those that have been the source of emboli (debris from the aneurysm that dislodge and travel into other arteries). (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular the calibre/tortuosity of the iliac arteries and the relationship of the neck of the aneurysm to the renal arteries are important determinants of whether the aneurysm is amenable to endoluminal repair. (wikipedia.org)
  • infrarenal
  • In infrarenal aneurysms, the relative tolerance of the lower extremities to ischemia allows surgeons to clamp distally with low risk of ill effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • valve
  • In tertiary syphilis the aortic root becomes so dilated that the aortic valve becomes incompetent and cor bovinum results. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure has excellent outcomes particularly in younger patients at relatively low-risk and will remain the gold standard for aortic valve replacement in the upcoming years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further prostheses for mitral und tricuspid valve replacement are under development and certainly will be available within the next years. (wikipedia.org)
  • renal
  • Through the constitution of a multicentric prospective cohort of patients with infra-renal AAA (n=450), the investigators aimed to determine the prevalence of a concomitant TAA, and the epidemiologic, clinical, biological and genetic factors related to this aortic phenotype. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Other species, such as dogs, do have vasa vasorum below their renal vasculature, and aneurysms at this site are substantially less likely. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marfan
  • People diagnosed with Marfan syndrome should immediately have an echocardiogram to measure the aorta, and followed up 6 months later to check for aortic enlargement. (wikipedia.org)