• cord
  • Epidural anesthesia involves the insertion of a hollow needle and a small, flexible catheter into the space between the spinal column and outer membrane of the spinal cord (epidural space) in the middle or lower back. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Type I ACM, which presents typically in adulthood, relates to cerebellar and cervical spinal cord involvement and can be associated with syringomyelia (2) . (lww.com)
  • Therefore, Bier suggested "cocainization" of the spinal cord as an alternative to general anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tethered spinal cord syndrome Psychogenic causes (psychosocial stresses, fear associated with urination, Paruresis ("shy bladder syndrome")- in extreme cases, urinary retention can result) Consumption of some psychoactive substances, mainly stimulants, such as MDMA and amphetamine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, Corning was incorrect in his theory on the mechanism of action of cocaine on the spinal nerves and spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • He proposed - mistakenly - that the cocaine was absorbed into the venous circulation and subsequently transported to the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be due to decreased sympathetic nervous system output or to increased parasympathetic activity occurring as a consequence of injury to the brain or spinal cord or of dysautonomia, an intrinsic abnormality in autonomic system functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Although Bier properly deserves credit for the introduction of spinal anesthesia into the clinical practice of medicine, it was Corning who created the experimental conditions that ultimately led to the development of both spinal and epidural anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • opined that artificial facet replacement still had much to prove: In the future, facet replacement devices will require a substantial amount of validation testing and numerous clinical studies before they can be considered a viable treatment option for the treatment of spinal disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • needle
  • After regional anesthesia, bleeding disorders are the greatest risk factors for the development of spinal hematoma 2,3 , although there are other known factors, such as difficult or traumatic insertion of the needle. (scielo.br)
  • dose
  • Spinals are pain medications delivered via the spinal column in one dose. (babymed.com)
  • The mean dose of ephedrine injected during anesthesia was 12.2 and 4.3 mg, and the incidence of ephedrine injected was 85 and 49%, in the standard and extra-strong stocking groups, respectively. (biomedsearch.com)
  • profound
  • Bradycardia in this setting may be treated with atropine.The Bezold-Jarisch reflex has been suggested as a possible cause of profound bradycardia and circulatory collapse after spinal anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The profound anesthesia of his legs was demonstrated with repeated kicks to his shins. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • We think that it is important for people suffering from restless legs syndrome to know that there is, at worst, only a very small likelihood that spinal anesthesia, which is the best choice for a number of surgical procedures, will worsen their condition," he added. (bio-medicine.org)
  • On 16 August 1898, Bier performed the first operation under spinal anesthesia at the Royal Surgical Hospital of the University of Kiel. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Localized infections can occur if spinal equipment is not sterilized properly. (babymed.com)
  • The same increased risk of C-section and assisted birth that comes with an epidural, can also occur with a spinal. (babymed.com)
  • pain
  • Epidural and spinal anesthesia are usually combined with other medicines that make you relaxed or sleepy (sedatives) or relieve pain (analgesics). (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • In these cases, pain spinal. (babymed.com)
  • Spinal pain relief can last up to two hours. (babymed.com)
  • As is the case with any pain relief, there is potential health risks associated with a spinal. (babymed.com)
  • Most notably, there is a "high spinal" and women may experience a blocking of pain and feeling that spreads into the chest area. (babymed.com)
  • Spinal anesthesia is usually not chosen as pain relief during labor and delivery.because it blocks movement which can make giving birth vaginally more difficult. (babymed.com)
  • The prosthesis is indicated for back and leg pain caused by central or lateral spinal stenosis, degenerative disease of the facets with instability, and grade 1 degenerative spondylolisthesis with objective evidence of neurological impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • spinal anesthesia in which the level of sensory denervation extends to the second or third thoracic dermatome, and sometimes as high as the cervical dermatomes. (drugs.com)
  • Obtain the heart rate variability (in means and standard deviation, including the high frequency, low frequency and its ratio) data of before and after spinal anesthesia with ECG (and Heart Rate Variability Analyzer) in 2 groups. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • legs
  • Fitting the extra-strong stocking on both legs for cesarean sections undergoing spinal anesthesia reduced usage of vasopressor agents, suggesting a promising use of this stocking for non-invasive prophylaxis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • back
  • I've already been told an epidural is tricky because I have two rods in my back from a previous spinal fusion. (asap.org)