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  • Malignant
  • Thyroid neoplasm might be classified as benign or malignant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carcinomas occur when the DNA of a cell is damaged or altered and the cell begins to grow uncontrollably and become malignant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pilomatrixoma, malignant Pilomatricoma, malignant Matrical carcinoma M8120/0 Transitional cell papilloma, benign Transitional papilloma M8120/1 Urothelial papilloma, NOS Papilloma of baldder (C67. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential M8130/2 Papillary transitional cell carcinoma, non-invasive (C67. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormones
  • There's still a risk of hypothyroidism though, as the remaining thyroid tissue may not be able to produce enough hormones in the long-run. (wikipedia.org)
  • The thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are created from iodine and tyrosine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thyroid hormones are important for development, and hypothyroidism secondary to iodine deficiency remains the leading cause of preventable intellectual disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hypothyroidism is a state in which the body is not producing enough thyroid hormones, or is not able to respond to / utilize existing thyroid hormones properly. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymphoma kinase
  • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) also known as ALK tyrosine kinase receptor or CD246 (cluster of differentiation 246) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALK gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • The translocation creates a fusion gene consisting of the ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) gene and the nucleophosmin (NPM) gene: the 3' half of ALK, derived from chromosome 2 and coding for the catalytic domain, is fused to the 5' portion of NPM from chromosome 5. (wikipedia.org)
  • variant
  • The thyroid is supplied with arterial blood from the superior thyroid artery, a branch of the external carotid artery, and the inferior thyroid artery, a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, and sometimes by an anatomical variant the thyroid ima artery, which has a variable origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • parafollicular
  • Moreover, the histologically and phenotypically distinct medullary carcinomas, originating from the parafollicular C cells of the neural crest, also exhibit aggressive behavior and resist current therapeutic modalities. (aacrjournals.org)
  • parathyroid
  • Typically four parathyroid glands, two on each side, lie on each side between the two layers of the capsule, at the back of the thyroid lobes. (wikipedia.org)
  • iodine
  • To estimate the relationship between the radiation dose and response to radiation at one year for metastatic lesions arising from differentiated thyroid carcinoma, following a single therapeutic administration of 131-Iodine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It is presumed that Tg and thyroid are also an important storage of iodine for all body needs, in particular, for many iodine-concentrating organs such as breast, stomach, salivary glands, thymus, choroid plexus and cerebrospinal fluid, etc. (see iodine in biology). (wikipedia.org)
  • Iodine-131 scans and CT scans occasionally reveal cold thyroid nodules, requiring a follow-up ultrasonogram and fine-needle aspiration. (medscape.com)
  • lobes
  • The isthmus extends from the second to third rings of the trachea, with the uppermost part of the lobes extending to the thyroid cartilage, and the lowermost around the fourth to sixth tracheal rings. (wikipedia.org)
  • The superior and inferior thyroid arteries join together behind the outer part of the thyroid lobes. (wikipedia.org)
  • When present, this lobe often stretches up the hyoid bone from the thyroid isthmus and may be one to several divided lobes. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymphoma kinase
  • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) also known as ALK tyrosine kinase receptor or CD246 (cluster of differentiation 246) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALK gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • The translocation creates a fusion gene consisting of the ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) gene and the nucleophosmin (NPM) gene: the 3' half of ALK, derived from chromosome 2 and coding for the catalytic domain, is fused to the 5' portion of NPM from chromosome 5. (wikipedia.org)
  • iodine
  • Studies have also shown an increase of certain types of thyroid cancer in geographic areas where there is a high incidence of goiters (enlarged thyroid glands) due to lack of dietary iodine. (oncolink.org)
  • Environmental exposure to ionizing radiation from both natural background sources and artificial sources is suspected to play a significant role, and there are significant increased rates of thyroid cancer in those exposed to mantlefield radiation for lymphoma, and those exposed to iodine-131 following the Chernobyl, Fukushima, Kyshtym, and Windscale nuclear disasters. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is presumed that Tg and thyroid are also an important storage of iodine for all body needs, in particular, for many iodine-concentrating organs such as breast, stomach, salivary glands, thymus, choroid plexus and cerebrospinal fluid, etc. (see iodine in biology). (wikipedia.org)
  • As thyroid cancer can take up iodine, radioactive iodine is commonly used to treat thyroid carcinomas, followed by TSH suppression by high-dose thyroxine therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radioactive iodine-131 is used in patients with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer for ablation of residual thyroid tissue after surgery and for the treatment of thyroid cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • variant
  • The thyroid is supplied with arterial blood from the superior thyroid artery, a branch of the external carotid artery, and the inferior thyroid artery, a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, and sometimes by an anatomical variant the thyroid ima artery, which has a variable origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • neoplasms
  • Anaplastic carcinoma Refers to a heterogeneous group of high-grade carcinomas that feature cells lacking distinct histological or cytological evidence of any of the more specifically differentiated neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thyroid nodules are a major presentation of thyroid neoplasms, and are diagnosed by ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (USG/FNA) or frequently by thyroidectomy (surgical removal and subsequent histological examination). (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • On ultrasound, thyroid lymphoma is characteristically very hypoechoic ( see below image from Ultrasound Clinics Apr 2009 ) with a pseudocystic pattern (increased through transmission) similar to lymphoma seen in other organs, such as the liver or lymph nodes. (virginia.edu)