• renal
  • Sunitinib Alone or after Nephrectomy in Metastatic Renal-Cell Carcinoma. (nih.gov)
  • Validation of the 16-Gene Recurrence Score in Patients with Locoregional, High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma from a Phase III Trial of Adjuvant Sunitinib. (nih.gov)
  • Soluble CD146 is a predictive marker of pejorative evolution and of sunitinib efficacy in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. (nih.gov)
  • A 62-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of clear cell renal carcinoma was admitted to our institution for multinodular goiter. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The diagnosis of metastatic disease should be taken into account if patients have a history of clear cell renal carcinoma or if there is a multifocal growth pattern and clear cell appearance of the cytoplasm. (biomedcentral.com)
  • benign
  • Iodine nutrition may also influence the risk of thyroid malignancy, both by modulating thyroidal radioiodine uptake as well as by directly influencing the pathogenesis of benign and malignant thyroid disease. (edu.au)
  • Measurement of thyroid stimulating hormone and anti-thyroid antibodies will help decide if there is a functional thyroid disease such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis present, a known cause of a benign nodular goiter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pilomatrixoma, malignant Pilomatricoma, malignant Matrical carcinoma M8120/0 Transitional cell papilloma, benign Transitional papilloma M8120/1 Urothelial papilloma, NOS Papilloma of baldder (C67. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • There's still a risk of hypothyroidism though, as the remaining thyroid tissue may not be able to produce enough hormones in the long-run. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymphoma kinase
  • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) also known as ALK tyrosine kinase receptor or CD246 (cluster of differentiation 246) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALK gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • The translocation creates a fusion gene consisting of the ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) gene and the nucleophosmin (NPM) gene: the 3' half of ALK, derived from chromosome 2 and coding for the catalytic domain, is fused to the 5' portion of NPM from chromosome 5. (wikipedia.org)
  • iodine
  • It is presumed that Tg and thyroid are also an important storage of iodine for all body needs, in particular, for many iodine-concentrating organs such as breast, stomach, salivary glands, thymus, choroid plexus and cerebrospinal fluid, etc. (see iodine in biology). (wikipedia.org)
  • Thyroid hormones are important for development, and hypothyroidism secondary to iodine deficiency remains the leading cause of preventable intellectual disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypothyroidism
  • Sometimes only part of the thyroid is removed in an attempt to avoid causing hypothyroidism. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, hypothyroidism is a state of insufficient thyroid hormone production. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first is thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is generally below normal in hyperthyroidism and above normal in hypothyroidism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anti-thyroid autoantibodies can also be used, where elevated anti-thyroglobulin and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies are commonly found in hypothyroidism from Hashimoto's thyroiditis and TSH-receptor antibodies are found in hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hypothyroidism is a state in which the body is not producing enough thyroid hormones, or is not able to respond to / utilize existing thyroid hormones properly. (wikipedia.org)
  • variant
  • The thyroid is supplied with arterial blood from the superior thyroid artery, a branch of the external carotid artery, and the inferior thyroid artery, a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, and sometimes by an anatomical variant the thyroid ima artery, which has a variable origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • endocrine
  • Genetic causes include multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 which markedly increases rates, particularly of the rarer medullary form of the disease. (wikipedia.org)