• ephedrine
  • The sympathomimetic properties of amphetamine were unknown until 1927, when pioneer psychopharmacologist Gordon Alles independently resynthesized it and tested it on himself while searching for an artificial replacement for ephedrine. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1971
  • During my work on the Paris talk I began to wonder whether Paul Erdős (who I used as an example of a respected academic who used cognitive enhancers) could actually have been shown to have benefited from his amphetamine use, which began in 1971 according to Hill (2004) . (aleph.se)
  • narcolepsy
  • Amphetamine is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy (a sleep disorder), and obesity, and is sometimes prescribed off-label for its past medical indications, particularly for depression and chronic pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • compounds
  • it includes all derivative compounds which are formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the amphetamine core structure with substituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 1930s, amphetamine and some of its derivative compounds found use as decongestants in the symptomatic treatment of colds and also occasionally as psychoactive agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapeutic
  • At therapeutic doses, amphetamine causes emotional and cognitive effects such as euphoria, change in desire for sex, increased wakefulness, and improved cognitive control. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • Eight billion amphetamine tablets are officially produced in the U.S. annually, enough to supply 40 doses to every man, woman and child. (nymag.com)
  • Larger doses of amphetamine may impair cognitive function and induce rapid muscle breakdown. (wikipedia.org)
  • ADHD
  • Reviews of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies suggest that long-term treatment with amphetamine decreases abnormalities in brain structure and function found in subjects with ADHD, and improves function in several parts of the brain, such as the right caudate nucleus of the basal ganglia. (wikipedia.org)
  • One review highlighted a nine-month randomized controlled trial of amphetamine treatment for ADHD in children that found an average increase of 4.5 IQ points, continued increases in attention, and continued decreases in disruptive behaviors and hyperactivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • abuse
  • Long-term abuse of amphetamines may cause people to have hallucinations, hear voices, feel paranoid, and develop a psychosis that resembles schizophrenia. (kidshealth.org)
  • The great debate is: does the medical value of amphetamine outweigh the dangers of abuse and dependency? (nymag.com)
  • Chronic Amphetamine Use and Abuse Archived April 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • substances
  • For example, during the early 1970s in the United States, amphetamine became a schedule II controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act . (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1970, the United States adopted "the Controlled Substances Act" that limited non-medical use of substituted amphetamines. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemical
  • It also shares many chemical and pharmacological properties with human trace amines, particularly phenethylamine and N-methylphenethylamine, the latter being an isomer of amphetamine produced within the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syria
  • Syria has become a major amphetamines exporter and consumer as the trauma of the country's brutal civil war fuels demand and the breakdown in order creates opportunity for producers. (tradearabia.com)
  • often
  • When people use large amounts of amphetamines more often, it can put added stress on the heart and lead to elevated blood pressure and pulse rates, rapid breathing, and even heart failure. (kidshealth.org)
  • With little publicity, often by doctor's prescription, amphetamine is spreading like a new fluoride in the national water supply. (nymag.com)
  • body
  • Amphetamines are helpful to all these people: they do lift the mood, curb the appetite and energize the body. (nymag.com)
  • high
  • Any place where young people gather where worship of the eureka experience runs high and faith in America runs low amphetamine is becoming a god. (nymag.com)