• soft tissues
  • The addition of object thickness adds a third input to the two x-ray energies used by DXA, better solving the equation for bone and excluding more efficiently these soft tissues components. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although bone tissue itself contains no nociceptors, bone fracture is painful for several reasons: Breaking in the continuity of the periosteum, with or without similar discontinuity in endosteum, as both contain multiple pain receptors Edema of nearby soft tissues caused by bleeding of torn periosteal blood vessels evokes pressure pain Muscle spasms trying to hold bone fragments in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal
  • if a person inherits abnormal copies from each parent (it is a recessive condition) the body accumulates an intermediate substance called homogentisic acid in the blood and tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • increased bone loss
  • In a three-year longitudinal study of postmenopausal women, higher serum ferritin levels were correlated with increased bone loss at the femoral neck [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • body
  • females age 65 or older males age 70 or older people over age 50 with any of the following: previous bone fracture from minor trauma rheumatoid arthritis low body weight a parent with a hip fracture Individuals with vertebral abnormalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • stretchy tissue that, as the body grows, develops into bone. (tripod.com)
  • With a well engineered weighing system, body density can be determined with great accuracy by completely submerging a person in water and calculating the volume of the displaced water from the weight of the displaced water. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there were no errors whatsoever in measuring body density, the uncertainty in fat estimation would be about ± 3.8% of the body weight, primarily because of normal variability in body constituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Every person carries in their DNA two copies (one received from each parent) of the gene HGD, which contains the genetic information to produce the enzyme homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (HGD) which can normally be found in numerous tissues in the body (liver, kidney, small intestine, colon and prostate). (wikipedia.org)
  • turnover
  • Osteonectin has been localized in a variety of tissues, but is found in greatest abundance in osseous tissue, tissues characterized by high turnover (such as intestinal epithelium), basement membranes, and certain neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • postmenopausal women
  • The present study was undertaken to study the relationships between bone mineral density measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and the serum ferritin and serum iron in postmenopausal women heterozygous for the C282Y mutation. (hindawi.com)
  • The heterozygous C282Y mutation may be associated with impairment of bone cell function in postmenopausal women when only small increases in the serum iron or serum ferritin have occurred. (hindawi.com)
  • concentration
  • breast health and support of a healthy heart, good digestion, vision health, bone strength and memory and concentration. (win-edge.com)
  • Some sources of phosphate in fertilizers contain cadmium in amounts of up to 100 mg/kg, which can lead to an increase in the concentration of cadmium in soil (for example in New Zealand). (wikipedia.org)
  • weak
  • Bone density tests are not necessary for people without risk factors for weak bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, trestolone has only weak estrogenic activity and an amount that would appear to be insufficient for replacement purposes, as evidenced by decreased bone mineral density in men treated with it for hypogonadism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pathologic fracture - A fracture through a bone that has been made weak by some underlying disease is called pathological fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • fluid
  • It is caused by precipitation of minerals from saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in plaque on the teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • serum
  • Mutations in the HFE gene may be associated with increased tissue iron stores reflected in an elevated serum ferritin. (hindawi.com)
  • The correlation between the spinal bone mineral density, L2-4, the femoral neck bone mineral density, and the serum ferritin was not significant. (hindawi.com)
  • As a result of trestolone's gonadotropin-suppressing qualities, levels of serum testosterone fall sharply in men treated with sufficient amounts of the drug. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimation
  • The DXL results allow for a more accurate estimation of bone density by using three separate inputs (low and high x-ray energies plus thickness) for each pixel in the measuring region. (wikipedia.org)
  • strength
  • This information helps your doctor estimate the strength of your bones. (webmd.com)
  • If your bone density is lower than normal, you can increase it and your strength. (webmd.com)
  • A test that measures the strength of bones. (nccn.org)
  • The whole process may take up to 18 months, but in adults, the strength of the healing bone is usually 80% of normal by 3 months after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weight-bearing stress on bone, after the bone has healed sufficiently to bear the weight, also builds bone strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • porous
  • Beta tricalcium phosphate (beta TCP) is an osteoconductive, resorbable material, which, in porous ceramic form, is used as bone substitute since many years. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • risk
  • The following are risk factors for low bone density and primary considerations for the need for a bone density test. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with a history of eating disorders Other considerations which related to risk of low bone density and the need for a test include smoking habits, drinking habits, the long-term use of corticosteroid drugs, and a vitamin D deficiency. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • it measures the amount of ALT enzyme in a blood sample taken via venipuncture. (body-disease.com)
  • Measures the amount of antibody against a particular antigen in the blood taken via venipuncture. (body-disease.com)
  • That is, it should go into our bones and blood, but not arteries or muscles. (win-edge.com)
  • In alkaptonuria the HGD enzyme cannot metabolize the homogentisic acid (generated from tyrosine) into 4-maleylacetoacetate, and homogentisic acid levels in the blood are a hundredfold higher than would normally be expected, despite the fact that a substantial amount is eliminated into the urine by the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • lens
  • This property is usually given by lens manufacturers, the greater the density of a material, the greater its weight, all other factors being equal. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • medications
  • Certain medications increase the rate of bone loss including some antiseizure medications, chemotherapy, proton pump inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and glucocorticosteroids. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Test that removes cells or tissues for examination to determine presence or extent of disease. (body-disease.com)
  • Other massive vitamin K2 benefits include maintaining healthy bone density and preventing -- even reversing --- arterial calcification (a contributor to cardiovascular disease. (win-edge.com)
  • Without it, we can end up with bone spurs, hardening of the arteries and age-related brain diseases like Alzheimer`s disease. (win-edge.com)
  • Patients with black bone disease are asymptomatic as children or young adults, but their urine may turn brown or even inky black if collected and left exposed to open air. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • A form of treatment that uses electrical energy, heat, cold, alcohol, or other modalities to destroy a small section of damaged tissue. (harvard.edu)
  • Collagen's rubbery consistency allows bone fragments to move only a small amount unless severe or persistent force is applied. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even small amounts of cadmium from smoking are highly toxic to humans, the lungs absorb cadmium more efficiently than the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • In practical terms, horses prefer to eat small amounts of food steadily throughout the day, as they do in nature when grazing on pasture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Horses and other members of the genus Equus are adapted by evolutionary biology to eating small amounts of the same kind of food all day long. (wikipedia.org)
  • see Illnesses related to improper feeding below) Horses have a small stomach for their size, which limits the amount of feed that can be taken in at one time. (wikipedia.org)
  • dentin
  • Osteonectin is also detectable in osteoid, bone matrix proper, and dentin. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of the four major tissues which make up the tooth, along with dentin, cementum, and dental pulp. (wikipedia.org)
  • kidney
  • This spun off many modern words, including "calculate" (use stones for mathematical purposes), and "calculus", which came to be used, in the 18th century, for accidental or incidental mineral buildups in human and animal bodies, like kidney stones and minerals on teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • homozygous
  • Hemochromatosis due to excess tissue iron storage is frequently due to a homozygous mutation, cysteine to tyrosine, C282Y, in the HFE gene. (hindawi.com)