• physiological
  • It contains an α-amino group (which is in the protonated -NH3+ form under biological conditions), a carboxylic acid group (which is in the deprotonated -COO− form under biological conditions), and an imidazole side chain (which is partially protonated), classifying it as a positively charged amino acid at physiological pH. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMAA
  • β-Methylamino-L-alanine, or BMAA, is a non-proteinogenic amino acid produced by cyanobacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMAA is a derivative of the amino acid alanine with a methylamino group on the side chain. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study performed in 2015 with vervets (Chlorocebus sabaeus) in St. Kitts, which are homozygous for the apoE4 gene (a condition which in humans is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease), found that vervets orally administered BMAA developed hallmark histopathology features of Alzheimer's Disease including amyloid beta plaques and neurofibrillary tangle accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, vervets that were co-administered BMAA with serine were found to have 70% less beta-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles than those administered BMAA alone, suggesting that serine may be protective against the neurotoxic effects of BMAA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nostoc flagelliforme (fat choy), has no nutritional value, and also contains beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), a toxic amino acid that could affect the normal functions of nerve cells and is linked to degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and dementia. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymatic
  • In thymine catabolism, the enzymatic reaction produces (R)-aminoisobutyric acid (AIBA), which is then deaminated to (R)-methylmalonic semialdehyde. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supplements
  • Beta-alanine supplements might also improve physical performance and delay muscle fatigue in older adults. (webmd.com)
  • Because of their biological significance, amino acids are important in nutrition and are commonly used in nutritional supplements, fertilizers, and food technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthesis
  • Their result showed the synthesis of 22 amino acids and 5 amines, revealing that the original Miller experiment produced much more compounds than actually known. (wikipedia.org)
  • isomers
  • These are all L-stereoisomers ("left-handed" isomers), although a few D-amino acids ("right-handed") occur in bacterial envelopes, as a neuromodulator (D-serine), and in some antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methylmalonate semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency is characterized by elevated beta-alanine, 3-hydroxypropionic acid, and both isomers of 3-amino and 3-hydroxyisobutyric acids in urine organic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • sugars
  • The present invention relates to a high-recovery, high-resolution method for purifying antihemophilic factor by using column chromatography techniques in the presence of sugars, polyhydric alcohols, amino acids or salts. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The device is useful in planetary exploration such as for the analysis of even trace amounts of amino acids, mono- and diaminoalkanes, amino sugars, nucleobases, and nucleobase degradation products from living and non-living materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • intensity
  • Some research shows that taking beta-alanine modestly improves some measures of physical performance, especially during high-intensity exercise and strength training . (webmd.com)
  • improves
  • The only thing that beneficial from this is that Amino Energy improves mood and boosts a little energy. (amazon.co.uk)
  • whereas
  • The N3-H tautomer, shown in the figure above, is protonated on the #3 nitrogen, farther from the amino acid backbone bearing the amino and carboxyl groups, whereas the N1-H tautomer is protonated on the nitrogen nearer the backbone. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Nine proteinogenic amino acids are called "essential" for humans because they cannot be produced from other compounds by the human body and so must be taken in as food. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Other than hormones, amino acids play a critical role in some of the major processes in the body including the regulation of mood, the repair and building of tissue such as muscle, collagen, hair, skin and nails, as well as also providing the necessary support in the function of our major organs. (nutritionwarehouse.com.au)
  • An amino acid product is suitable for anyone who is looking to enhance muscle growth, reduce recovery time, enhance mood through improving brain function and also improving training capacity. (nutritionwarehouse.com.au)
  • Beta-alanine is used for improving athletic performance and exercise capacity, building lean muscle mass, and improving physical functioning in the elderly. (webmd.com)
  • Boost your amino acid intake in order to promote lean muscle growth and enhance recovery with Her Aminos from NLA for Her. (evitamins.com)
  • Her Aminos from NLA for Her can give you the amino acid support your body needs to promote muscle growth and help you to achieve the fitness and body results you want. (evitamins.com)
  • suggests
  • Early research suggests that taking beta-alanine is less effective than the drug veralipride at reducing hot flashes in menopausal women. (webmd.com)