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  • dipeptides
  • Furthermore, because of the position of the beta amino group, β-alanine dipeptides are not incorporated into proteins, and thus can be stored at relatively high concentrations (millimolar). (wikipedia.org)
  • Carnosinemia, also called carnosinase deficiency or aminoacyl-histidine dipeptidase deficiency, is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency of carnosinase, a dipeptidase (a type of enzyme that splits dipeptides into their two amino acid constituents). (wikipedia.org)
  • Caffeine
  • citation needed] Their energy gel contains carbohydrates (maltodextrin and fructose), an amino acid blend, electrolytes (sodium and potassium) and, in some flavors, caffeine. (wikipedia.org)
  • GABA
  • For example, in the human brain, glutamate (standard glutamic acid) and gamma-amino-butyric acid ("GABA", non-standard gamma-amino acid) are, respectively, the main excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • β-Alanine is not found in any major proteins or enzymes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the form of proteins, amino acid residues form the second-largest component (water is the largest) of human muscles and other tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • N-formylmethionine (which is often the initial amino acid of proteins in bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts) is generally considered as a form of methionine rather than as a separate proteinogenic amino acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • An additional domain is found at the N-terminal of some copper amine oxidases, as well as in related proteins such as cell wall hydrolase and N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase. (wikipedia.org)
  • physiological
  • It contains an α-amino group (which is in the protonated -NH3+ form under biological conditions), a carboxylic acid group (which is in the deprotonated -COO− form under biological conditions), and an imidazole side chain (which is partially protonated), classifying it as a positively charged amino acid at physiological pH. (wikipedia.org)
  • carboxyl
  • The N3-H tautomer, shown in the figure above, is protonated on the #3 nitrogen, farther from the amino acid backbone bearing the amino and carboxyl groups, whereas the N1-H tautomer is protonated on the nitrogen nearer the backbone. (wikipedia.org)
  • improves
  • The only thing that beneficial from this is that Amino Energy improves mood and boosts a little energy. (amazon.co.uk)
  • Some research shows that taking beta-alanine modestly improves some measures of physical performance, especially during high-intensity exercise and strength training . (webmd.com)
  • muscle
  • An amino acid product is suitable for anyone who is looking to enhance muscle growth, reduce recovery time, enhance mood through improving brain function and also improving training capacity. (nutritionwarehouse.com.au)
  • Beta alanine can also increase vasodilation or muscle pumps because carnosine helps increase nitric oxide levels in the body. (aminoco.com.au)
  • Beta-alanine is used for improving athletic performance and exercise capacity, building lean muscle mass, and improving physical functioning in the elderly. (webmd.com)
  • Beta-alanine supplements might also improve physical performance and delay muscle fatigue in older adults. (webmd.com)
  • performance
  • Optimum Nutrition Amino Energy Pre Workout Energy Performance. (amazon.co.uk)
  • There is evidence that β-alanine supplementation can increase exercise performance, but there is concern about lack of information about safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • doi:10.1002/14356007.a13_507 http://pharmacistanswers.com/beta-alanine-supplementation-for-exercise-performance.html Derave W, Ozdemir MS, Harris R, Pottier A, Reyngoudt H, Koppo K, Wise JA, Achten E (August 9, 2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • fatigue
  • Supplementation with β-alanine has been shown to increase the concentration of carnosine in muscles, decrease fatigue in athletes and increase total muscular work done. (wikipedia.org)
  • Creatine
  • Other research shows that a specific product containing beta-alanine, creatine monohydrate, arginine , alpha-ketoisocaproate, and leucine (NO-Shotgun) might increase fat-free mass and strength in men participating in resistance training. (webmd.com)
  • found
  • The catalytic domain is the largest of the 3-4 domains found in copper amine oxidases, and consists of a beta sandwich of 18 strands in two sheets. (wikipedia.org)
  • suggests
  • Early research suggests that taking beta-alanine is less effective than the drug veralipride at reducing hot flashes in menopausal women. (webmd.com)
  • bonds
  • This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming carbon-nitrogen bonds as acid-D-amino-acid ligases (peptide synthases). (wikipedia.org)