• 1983
  • The National Review hailed the first edition (1983) as "a genuine revolution in the field of alcoholism research" and said that "Vaillant has combined clinical experience with an unprecedented amount of empirical data to produce what may ultimately come to be viewed as the single most important contribution to the literature of alcoholism since the first edition of AA's Big Book. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1983: Vaillant publishes The Natural History of Alcoholism: causes, patterns and paths to recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1995: Vaillant publishes a new edition entitled The Natural History of Alcoholism Revisited, which includes the entire text of the 1983 edition plus new material marked "Revisited. (wikipedia.org)
  • binge
  • 56% of students reported binge drinking once a week.In comparison, the comparable figure of alcoholism for American Indian and Alaskan Native youth ("Native youth" hereafter) is approximately 80 percent (Beauvais, Oetting, & Wolf, 1989). (wikipedia.org)
  • alcoholics
  • The Natural History of Alcoholism Revisited (1995) is a book by psychiatrist George E. Vaillant that describes two multi-decade studies of the lives of 600 American males, non-alcoholics at the outset, focusing on their lifelong drinking behaviours. (wikipedia.org)
  • That for most alcoholics, attempts at controlled drinking in the long term end in either abstinence or a return to alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetics
  • COGA researchers will interview subjects using the SSAGA, or Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism, specifically created for the COGA project. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases
  • Genes not only carry information about eye and skin color, but also carry vulnerability to specific diseases, and probably cause a susceptibility to alcoholism as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors
  • The risk of developing alcoholism depends on many factors, such as environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In consequence, research has sought to determine the factors responsible for the development and persistence of alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • In coordination with these factors, molecular and epigenetic mechanisms influence the progression toward alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • By following the men from youth to old age it was possible to chart their drinking patterns and what factors may have contributed to alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Factors predicting alcoholism were related to ethnic culture, alcoholism in relatives, and a personality that is antisocial and extroverted. (wikipedia.org)
  • That means there are several different genes that influence risk factors involved in alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • drinkers
  • However, modern views of alcoholism emphasize that many individuals enjoy drinking without experiencing any alcohol-related difficulties and that one therefore should focus on problem drinkers rather than on alcohol use. (springer.com)
  • The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) screening tool was developed in 1971 and is one of the oldest alcoholism screening tests in identifying dependent drinkers. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • These reasons include: Availability of alcohol Peer pressure Role model Television Anxiety or stress There are a number of ways to preventing alcoholism throughout adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • anxiety
  • An increased propensity for alcoholism has been associated with stress-related anxiety and dysphoria, a state of general unease or dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies
  • Evidence from twin studies show that concordance rates for alcoholism are higher for monozygotic twins than dizygotic twins-76% for monozygotic twins and 61% for dizygotic twins. (wikipedia.org)