• Acute
  • Acute alcohol poisoning is a related medical term used to indicate a dangerously high concentration of alcohol in the blood, high enough to induce coma, respiratory depression, or even death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethanol's acute effects are due largely to its nature as a central nervous system depressant, and are dependent on blood alcohol concentrations: 20-79 mg/dL: Impaired coordination and euphoria 80-199 mg/dL - Binge drinking: Ataxia, poor judgement, labile mood. (wikipedia.org)
  • insomnia
  • Long-term use of sedative-hypnotics for insomnia lacks an evidence base and is discouraged for reasons that include concerns about such potential adverse drug effects as cognitive impairment (anterograde amnesia), daytime sedation, motor incoordination, and increased risk of motor vehicle accidents and falls. (wikipedia.org)
  • An extensive review of the medical literature regarding the management of insomnia and the elderly found that there is considerable evidence of the effectiveness and durability of non-drug treatments for insomnia in adults of all ages and that these interventions are underutilized. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was found that newer agents with novel mechanisms of action and improved safety profiles, such as the melatonin agonists, hold promise for the management of chronic insomnia in elderly people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic use of sedative-hypnotic drugs for the management of insomnia does not have an evidence base and has been discouraged due to concerns including potential adverse drug effects as cognitive impairment (anterograde amnesia), daytime sedation, motor incoordination, and increased risk of motor vehicle accidents and falls. (wikipedia.org)
  • dehydrogenase
  • Associations between alcoholism and certain alleles of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH2, ADH3, and ADH7) have been documented. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ethanol is metabolised to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which is found in many tissues, including the gastric mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • cocaine
  • A 2010 Lancet study showed alcohol to be the most harmful drug in Britain, scoring 72 out of a possible 100, far more damaging than heroin (55) or crack cocaine (54). (jamaica-gleaner.com)
  • efficacy
  • These efficacy studies also provide the response data that pharmaceutical companies must submit to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to obtain indications for developed drugs. (wikibooks.org)
  • As such, effectiveness studies complement our understanding of drug efficacy. (wikibooks.org)
  • The safety and the efficacy of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate in children with ADHD three to five years old have not been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • sedatives
  • Daily or continuous use of the drug is not usually advised, and caution must be taken when the compound is used in conjunction with antidepressants, sedatives or other drugs affecting the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disorders
  • Long-term users of hypnotic drugs for sleep disorders develop only partial tolerance to adverse effects on driving with users of hypnotic drugs even after 1 year of use still showing an increased motor vehicle accident rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • Lisdexamfetamine is a Class B/Schedule II substance in the United Kingdom and a Schedule II controlled substance in the United States (DEA number 1205) and the aggregate production quota for 2016 in the United States is 29,750 kilograms of anhydrous acid or base. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • A Steering Group was established consisting of representatives from the Department of Health, funded alcohol and other drug agencies within the Central Highlands area, local government representatives from City of Ballarat, Golden Plains Shire, Hepburn Shire and Moorabool Shire along with Dual Diagnosis representatives from Ballarat Health Services and St John of God Hospital. (docplayer.net)
  • Diagnosis is based on sleep habits and an examination to look for underlying causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • abuse
  • Susceptibility to alcohol abuse appears to run in families and is the subject of vigorous ongoing investigations to locate contributing genes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Genetic differences in alcohol metabolism may result in higher levels of a metabolite that produces pleasure for those with a predisposition toward alcohol abuse. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If you or a loved one is struggling with presciption drug abuse, this is the community to discuss your experience, find support, and meet others going through a similar fight. (dailystrength.org)
  • treatment
  • This study determines the benefits of an individualized treatment regimen on the quantity of benzodiazepine administered and the duration of its use during alcohol withdrawal treatment. (docplayer.net)
  • 2002;162: From the Alcohol Treatment Centers, Lausanne (Drs Daeppen, Schweizer, Gloor, and Yersin and Ms Landry) and Geneva (Drs Gache and Sekera), Switzerland. (docplayer.net)
  • 2 METHODS PARTICIPANTS Between August 19, 1999, and October 3, 2000, consecutive patients admitted to the alcohol treatment inpatient program, the 12-bed clinic Vallon affiliated with the Lausanne University Hospital and the 10-bed clinic Petit Beaulieu of the Geneva University Hospital, were considered for study inclusion. (docplayer.net)
  • Randomized controlled trials of continuous stimulant therapy for the treatment of ADHD spanning 2 years have demonstrated treatment effectiveness and safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • dose
  • In addition, it leaves the user feeling generally depressed and dissatisfied, and unable to find pleasure in previously enjoyable activities, often leading to a return to the drug for another dose. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentrations
  • Products with alcohol concentrations as low as 40% are available in American stores, according to researchers at East Tennessee State University. (wikipedia.org)
  • effectiveness
  • In addition, the effectiveness and safety of long-term use of nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic drugs remains to be determined. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effectiveness and safety of alternative medicine is unclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the effectiveness and safety of long-term use of sedative hypnotics has been determined to be no better than placebo after 3 months of therapy and worse than placebo after 6 months of therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • dependent
  • Capture rates enumerate the percentage of users who reported that they had become dependent to their respective drug at some point. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulant
  • Adderall, Adderall XR, and Mydayis are combination drugs containing four salts of the two enantiomers of amphetamine, a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the phenethylamine class. (wikipedia.org)
  • medication
  • A personal adaptation of medication dosage is now possible, using questionnaires that evaluate the occurrence and For editorial comment see page 1093 intensity of alcohol withdrawal. (docplayer.net)
  • risk
  • To minimize the risk of fire, alcohol rub users are instructed to rub their hands until dry, which indicates that the flammable alcohol has evaporated. (wikipedia.org)
  • It should be noted that concurrent medical illness is a significant risk factor for triggering alcohol withdrawal and was found to be the single greatest predictor for the development of delirium tremens (DTs). (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Causes
  • In addition to respiratory failure and accidents caused by effects on the central nervous system, alcohol causes significant metabolic derangements. (wikipedia.org)
  • duration
  • Hand alcohol should be thoroughly rubbed into the hands and on the lower forearm for a duration of at least 30 seconds and then allowed to air dry. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • With the advent of analytical techniques and capabilities to measure particle sizes in nanometer ranges, there has been tremendous interest in the use of nanoparticles for more efficient methods of drug delivery. (google.com)
  • metabolism
  • CBD is also believed to regulate the body's metabolism of THC by inactivating cytochrome P450, an important class of enzymes that metabolize drugs. (wikipedia.org)