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  • Coronary Heart D
  • A fascinating study published in the BMJ shows that although the French drink more than the Northern Irish each week, as they drink daily, rather than more on less occasions, the French suffered from considerably less coronary heart disease than the Northern Irish. (redorbit.com)
  • 50 g if on only one occasion), volume of alcohol intake, frequency of consumption, and types of beverage consumed to risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events over a 10 year follow-up period. (redorbit.com)
  • Alcohol dependence is associated with hypertension, coronary heart disease, and ischemic stroke, cancer of the respiratory system, and also cancers of the digestive system, liver, breast and ovaries. (wikipedia.org)
  • drinkers
  • 14 drinks/week) were at a 46% higher risk of prostate cancer compared to those who were light drinkers (≤ 3 drinks/week). (urotoday.com)
  • Among drinkers, 12% of men in Belfast drank alcohol every day compared with 75% of men in France. (redorbit.com)
  • A study of 818 heavy drinkers found that those who are exposed to more acetaldehyde than normal through a defect in the gene for alcohol dehydrogenase are at greater risk of developing cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract and liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the total number of deaths and diseases caused by alcohol, most happen to the majority of the population who are moderate drinkers, rather than the heavy drinker minority. (wikipedia.org)
  • Death rate amongst current drinkers was higher for 'alcohol augmentable' disease such as liver disease and oral cancers, but these deaths were much less common than cardiovascular and respiratory deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • carcinogen
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization has classified alcohol as a Group 1 carcinogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer) of the World Health Organization has classified alcohol as a Group 1 carcinogen, similar to arsenic, benzene and asbestos. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a review, Pöschl and Seitz list some possible mechanisms of alcohol as a carcinogen: local effects of alcohol metabolism to acetaldehyde (which may be mutagenic at physiologically meaningful levels) induction of CYP2E1 nutritional deficiencies interactions with retinoids alcohol and methylation alcohol and immune surveillance Purohita et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • patterns
  • The hazard ratio for hard CHD events in Belfast compared with in France was 1.76 (95% CI 1.37 to 2.67) before adjustment, and 1.09 (95% CI 0.79 to 1.50) after adjustment for alcohol patterns and wine drinking, indicating that most of the differences between the rates in the two countries were related to these two factors. (redorbit.com)
  • acetaldehyde
  • Alcohol also has toxic and unpleasant actions in the body, many of which are mediated by its byproduct acetaldehyde. (wikipedia.org)
  • Boffetta and Hashibe list plausible mechanisms as including: a genotoxic effect of acetaldehyde increased oestrogen concentration a role as solvent for tobacco carcinogens production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen species changes in folate metabolism Individuals who both smoke and drink are at a much higher risk of developing mouth, tracheal, and esophageal cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abuse
  • WKS is usually secondary to alcohol abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol use is also related to various societal problems, including driving accidents and fatalities, accidental injuries, sexual assaults, domestic abuse, and violent crime. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system can occur from chronic alcohol abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • adolescents
  • These changes may make adolescents especially susceptible to the harmful effects of alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compared to adults, adolescents exposed to alcohol are more likely to exhibit cognitive deficits (including learning and memory dysfunction). (wikipedia.org)
  • Another way in preventing underage drinking would be by reducing the cultural forces which are encouraging and supporting underage drinking will also contribute to preventing adolescents from consuming alcohol as a culture in which adolescents feel that it is acceptable, will allow them to think that it is appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • Intriguingly, we found that abstinence was associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer-specific mortality compared to light alcohol consumption. (urotoday.com)
  • Mixed results are also observed in light drinking and cancer mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • The overall mortality from alcohol use was found to be similar to that of the effect of physical inactivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other studies have found age-dependent mortality risks of low-to-moderate alcohol use: an increased risk for individuals aged 16-34 (due to increased risk of cancers, accidents, liver disease, and other factors), but a decreased risk for individuals ages 55+ (due to lower incidence of ischemic heart disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • cancers
  • Europe: A 2011 study found that one in 10 of all cancers in men and one in 33 in women were caused by past or current alcohol intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has shown their risk of developing these cancers is 35 times higher than in individuals who neither smoke nor drink. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol is associated with an increased risk of a number of cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • pure alcohol
  • The amount of pure alcohol is stated in the table in both grams and millilitres. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pure alcohol has density of 789.24 g/l (at 20 °C). 0.35 l × ( 0.055 × 789.24 g / l ) ≈ 15.2 g {\displaystyle 0.35\ l\times \ (0.055\ \times \ 789.24\ g/l)\approx 15.2g} The standard drink size is given in brackets. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the UK a unit is defined as 10ml or 8g of pure alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • The company's research and development is focused on drugs for neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders like Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and other cognitive disorders, alcohol and drug dependence and post traumatic stress disorder, and inflammatory and fibrotic liver disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heavy drinking is associated with liver disease, such as cirrhosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aflatoxin B1, a frequent food contaminate, causes liver cancer, but drinking coffee is associated with a reduced risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Our co-twin analyses suggested that alcohol consumption may be associated with prostate cancer risk independent of early environmental and genetic factors. (urotoday.com)
  • Irrespective of country, only wine drinking was associated with a lower risk of hard coronary events. (redorbit.com)
  • Some studies found that drinking small quantities of alcohol (up to one standard drink per day for women and one to two drinks per day for men) is associated with a decreased risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and early death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Long-term effects of heavy drinking can inhibit new brain cell development and increase the risk for developing major depressive disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • better source needed] Alcohol is known to make blood less likely to clot, reducing risk of heart attack and stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects can manifest much later-mid-life Alcohol Use Disorder has been found to correlate with increased risk of severe cognitive and memory deficits in later life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol consumption is recognized worldwide as a leading risk factor for disease, disability, and death. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • The biologic mechanisms potentially linking alcohol and prostate cancer are complex. (urotoday.com)
  • One of the proposed mechanisms for alcohol's neurotoxicity is the production of nitric oxide (NO), yet other studies have found alcohol-induced NO production to lead to apoptosis (see Neuroinflammation section). (wikipedia.org)
  • whole grains
  • Dietary recommendations for cancer prevention typically include weight management and eating "mainly vegetables, fruit, whole grains and fish, and a reduced intake of red meat, animal fat, and refined sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] Most research is based on alcohol and the effects on people in general, essentially relating to adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] These counter arguments still don't change the fact that minors will continue to die, or how harmful drinking is to the human body when starting at a young age. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Take the brain for instance, drinking effects more than one part of the brain like the cerebral cortex, frontal lobe, and the hippocampus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dietary
  • Dietary intake was repeatedly assessed at baseline and after 10 years of follow-up with a validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. (springer.com)
  • effects
  • Alkana, R. L., & Malcolm, R. D. Comparison of the effects of acute alcohol intoxication on behavior in humans and other animals. (springer.com)
  • Begleiter, H., & Platz, A. The effects of alcohol on the central nervous system in humans. (springer.com)
  • The health effects of wine are mainly determined by its active ingredient alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol has a variety of short-term and long-term adverse effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adverse effects of alcohol on health are most important when it is used in excessive quantities or with heavy frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol works in the brain primarily by increasing the effects of a neurotransmitter called γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol has been produced and consumed by humans for its psychoactive effects for almost 10,000 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • These changes are significant as alcohol's effect on NMDARs could contribute to learning and memory dysfunction (see Effects of alcohol on memory). (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol at moderate levels has some positive and negative effects on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whatever the numerical definition used, heavy drinking or rapid consumption over a short period of time with the intention of becoming intoxicated is often implied when the term is used colloquially, since four or five drinks consumed over the course of a whole day and as an accompaniment to meals will not have the same effects as the same amount consumed over a couple of hours on an empty stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • varies
  • The size of a standard drink varies widely, as does the recommended maximum number of drinks per day or week, among the various guidelines. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • High fluid intake or intake of alcohol or caffeine containing beverages by the person. (medindia.net)
  • These foods tend to be high in sugar and/or fat, for example, soft drinks, chips and pastries. (mydr.com.au)
  • Studies have shown that moderate wine drinking can improve the balance of low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad" cholesterol) to high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good" cholesterol), which has been theorized as to clean up or remove LDL from blocking arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also shown that early onset of alcohol intake can lead to high levels of alcohol use in adulthood. (wikipedia.org)