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  • windpipe
  • Tracheotomy Surgical procedures on the neck to open a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (the windpipe). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tracheal intubation, usually simply referred to as intubation, is the placement of a flexible plastic tube into the trachea (windpipe) to maintain an open airway or to serve as a conduit through which to administer certain drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • distal
  • By Cook Critical Care, is a catheter shaft with a distal soft nylon flexible tip and balloon which can be deflected by 90° to guide the device into either bronchus. (wikipedia.org)
  • By Smith Medical, Rosmalen, NL, has a preformed angulation at the distal tip to aid placement in the desired bronchus. (wikipedia.org)
  • intubation
  • A second disadvantage is that left main bronchus intubation is not reliably achieved when this technique is used blindly. (ucsf.edu)
  • In the emergency setting, tracheal intubation can be used to ensure that the airway remains open. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other methods of intubation involve surgery and include the cricothyrotomy (used almost exclusively in emergency circumstances) and the tracheotomy, used primarily in situations where a prolonged need for airway support is anticipated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tracheal intubation can be associated with minor complications such as broken teeth or lacerations of the tissues of the upper airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of this, the potential for difficulty or complications due to the presence of unusual airway anatomy or other uncontrolled variables is carefully evaluated before undertaking tracheal intubation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tracheal intubation is indicated in a variety of situations when illness or a medical procedure prevents a person from maintaining a clear airway, breathing, and oxygenating the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it is not the only means to maintain a patent airway during general anesthesia, intubation of the trachea provides the most reliable means of oxygenation and ventilation and the greatest degree of protection against regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • secondary
  • Secondary airway malacia was defined as airway malacia secondary to esophageal atresia, VATER/VACTERL association (condition with vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital heart disease, tracheoesophageal fistula or esophageal atresia, renourinary anomalies, or radial limb defects), vascular or other external compression of the airways, or specific syndromes. (wikipedia.org)
  • tubes
  • From the bronchi, the dividing tubes become progressively smaller with an estimated 20 to 23 divisions before ending at an alveolus[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • tracheal
  • Made by Fuji Systems, Tokyo, Japan, is a tracheal tube with a second lumen that contains a coaxial, balloon tipped catheter which can be advanced under fiber optic bronchoscopy and blocked in either bronchus. (wikipedia.org)
  • General treatment options include Tracheal dilation using rigid bronchoscope Laser surgery and endoluminal stenting Tracheal resection and laryngotracheal reconstructionr Tracheal dilation is used to temporarily enlarge the airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • In very experienced surgery centers, tracheal resection and reconstruction (anastomosis complete end-to-end with or without laryngotracheal temporary stent to prevent airway collapse) is currently the best alternative to completely cure the stenosis and allows to obtain good results. (wikipedia.org)
  • lobe
  • This technique has several drawbacks: When a standard ETT is used to intubate the right main bronchus, the tube cuff is very likely to occlude the right upper lobe bronchus. (ucsf.edu)
  • stenosis
  • This creates a diagnostic pitfall in which many patients with laryngotracheal stenosis are incorrectly diagnosed as having asthma and are treated for presumed lower airway disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main causes of adult laryngotracheal stenosis are: The optimal management of laryngotracheal stenosis is not well defined, depending mainly on the type of the stenosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subglottic stenosis is often therefore used to describe central airway narrowing in children, and laryngotracheal stenosis is more often used in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • The main symptoms of hypoparathyroidism are the result of the low blood calcium level, which interferes with normal muscle contraction and nerve conduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • airflow
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), also known as chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD) or chronic airflow limitation (CAL), is a group of illnesses characterised by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmonary
  • People with significant underlying disease or injury, especially hospitalized patients, are at greater risk for developing respiratory complications following pulmonary aspiration because of certain factors such as depressed level of consciousness and impaired airway defenses (gag reflex and/or respiratory tract antimicrobial defense system). (wikipedia.org)
  • About 3.6 million cases of pulmonary aspiration or foreign body in the airway occurred in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among other pulmonary malignancies, the main differential diagnoses in suspected cases of Bas-SqCC include the high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas, such as small cell carcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • cartilage
  • The last cartilage is thick and broad in the middle, due to its lower border being prolonged into a triangular hook-shaped (uncinate) process, which curves downward and backward between the two bronchi. (wikipedia.org)
  • diameter
  • As the lumen of the right main bronchus is more vertical and of slightly wider diameter than that of the left, aspirated material is more likely to end up in this bronchus or one of its subsequent bifurcations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical
  • this is referred to as extubation of the trachea (or decannulation, in the case of a surgical airway such as a cricothyrotomy or a tracheotomy). (wikipedia.org)
  • Also at that time, advances in endoscopic instrumentation had improved to such a degree that direct laryngoscopy had become a viable means to secure the airway by the non-surgical orotracheal route. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • It may also be acquired later in life due to chronic or recurring inflammation resulting from infection or other airway disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • bronchoscope
  • Produced by Cook Critical Care, Bloomington, USA, is a catheter with a balloon tip and inner lumen which contains a flexible wire which is coupled to a fiber optical bronchoscope to guide the device into the desired bronchus. (wikipedia.org)
  • left
  • A fiberoptic scope is therefore frequently necessary to place a tube into the left main bronchus. (ucsf.edu)
  • The right main bronchus is wider, shorter, and more vertical than the left main bronchus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The injury is more common in the right main bronchus than the left, possibly because the former is near vertebrae, which may injure it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another possibility is that people with left main bronchus injuries are more likely to also have other deadly injuries and therefore die before reaching hospital, making them less likely to be included in studies that determine rates of injuries. (wikipedia.org)