• 2016
  • In 2016, 40,000 lives were cut short by air pollution in the United Kingdom, with sick and vulnerable people, the elderly and children being particularly at risk. (greenpeace.org.uk)
  • Based on data from 2016, the Environmental group Air Clean Taiwan claimed in 2017 that Kaohsiung's Zuoying District, Yunlin's Lunbei Township and Pingtung were amongst the worst affected city (districts) in the country, with Lunbei topping the list regarding high levels of PM2.5, often prompting the red and purple alerts issued by the EPA. (wikipedia.org)
  • In April and May 2016 ozone and suspended matter pollution in Mexico City had reached levels that were detrimental to health, though the criterion to signal a pollution alert is lower in 2016 than it was in the 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • smog
  • Visibility shrank to less than half a football field and small-particle pollution soared to a record 40 times higher than an international safety standard in one northern Chinese city as the region entered its high-smog season. (yahoo.com)
  • The rationale for shuttering these plants was a 2005 cost-benefit analysis that assumed that about $3 billion in annual savings to the health care system would come from the reduction of smog-related air contaminants. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • It creates a smog type formation in the air that has been linked to many lung diseases and disruptions to the natural environment and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first being the widespread damages to health, due to smog, and to nature, due to acid rain, caused by air pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smog is a kind of air pollution and results from large amounts of coal burning in an area caused by a mixture of smoke and sulfur dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • In autumn and winter months, large scale crop residue burning in agriculture fields - a low cost alternative to mechanical tilling - is a major source of smoke, smog and particulate pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • Air pollution kills around 7 million people every year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), accounting for one in eight deaths worldwide in 2012. (cnn.com)
  • According to the 2014 World Health Organization report, air pollution in 2012 caused the deaths of around 7 million people worldwide, an estimate roughly echoed by one from the International Energy Agency. (wikipedia.org)
  • In March 2014, Taiwanese legislators and the Taiwan Healthy Air Action Alliance claimed, based on reports by the World Health Organization, that the air quality in Taiwan is generally the worst of all of the Four Asian Tigers, in particularly drawing attention to the annual mean PM10 level of Taiwan (54 micrograms per cubic meter). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some reports, including one by the World Health Organization, claim 300,000 to 400,000 people die of indoor air pollution and carbon monoxide poisoning in India because of biomass burning and use of chullahs. (wikipedia.org)
  • haze
  • The 2015 Southeast Asian haze was caused by mass illegal burning in Indonesia and resulted in over a month of haze in Malaysia, Singapore and parts of Thailand - triggering school closures and disrupting air travel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hong Kong's
  • Made aware of fresh statistical and anecdotal evidence that pollution is driving away business and hurting Hong Kong's global competitiveness, James Tien called air pollution "a health issue, a lifestyle issue, a tourism issue, a business issue, and increasingly a political issue. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two major electricity companies of Hong Kong, namely China Light and Power and HK Electric Holdings emit more than 75,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide into Hong Kong's air daily. (wikipedia.org)
  • particles
  • Air pollution is chemicals, particles and other materials in the air in amounts that could damage the environment or harm the health or comfort of humans, animals, and plants. (cancer.ca)
  • The guidelines also do not have guidelines for many toxic air particles that are regulated by the European Union (EU). (wikipedia.org)
  • These particles - suspended in the air by wind action and human activities - can be stirred up by the strong northeastern winds occurring in winter, also known as the northeastern monsoon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lagrangian model - a Lagrangian dispersion model mathematically follows pollution plume parcels (also called particles) as the parcels move in the atmosphere and they model the motion of the parcels as a random walk process. (wikipedia.org)
  • PM2.5
  • Further more, in greater Taipei, the outdoor PM2.5 concentration in the air at ground-level up until the height of three-stories is around ten to twenty times higher than the concentration in the air at the height of four-story buildings and above. (wikipedia.org)
  • By November 2015, it was claimed that the EPA's PM2.5 Index indicated poor air qualities for almost one-third of Taiwan's cities for more than one hundred days that year, with Nantou topping the list at 147 such days. (wikipedia.org)
  • types of air pollution
  • There are three primary types of air pollution emission plumes: Buoyant plumes - Plumes which are lighter than air because they are at a higher temperature and lower density than the ambient air which surrounds them, or because they are at about the same temperature as the ambient air but have a lower molecular weight and hence lower density than the ambient air. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are five types of air pollution dispersion models, as well as some hybrids of the five types: Box model - The box model is the simplest of the model types. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • In the aftermath of the coal phase-out, and the extremely costly changes to the electricity system this transition required, we examine whether the removal of coal from the grid explains changes in air pollution levels since 2002. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • reduction
  • Through these strategies, policy instruments have been put in place that have contributed to the success of the significant air pollution reduction in Germany. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • According to the results of this study eastern China and northern India are the places that are struggling with the highest pollution levels. (redorbit.com)
  • Prior research shows that levels of air pollution fluctuate with the rise and fall of economic conditions, and this study is the first to investigate if these changes are associated with fluctuations in mortality rates. (nih.gov)
  • These results support the possibility that changes in pollution levels explain a portion of the observed procyclical variation in deaths. (nih.gov)
  • Check daily air quality levels and air pollution forecasts in your area. (cancer.ca)
  • In the UK, harmful nitrogen dioxide air pollution has broken legal levels every year since 2010, and our toxic air has been described as a public health emergency. (greenpeace.org.uk)
  • While use of these sensors was expensive in the past, the 2010s saw a recent trend towards the development of cheaper portable air-quality sensors that can be worn by individuals to monitor local air quality levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies by local public health experts have found that these roadside pollution levels are responsible for 90,000 hospital admissions and 2,800 premature deaths every year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hedley added that air pollution levels in Hong Kong were extremely high, and could affect the lungs, blood vessels and heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulations
  • Canada has been criticized by the Organization for the Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the World Economic Forum for its air pollution policies, programs, and weak regulations. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, after loosening regulations in 2015 by the Mexico City government, air pollution has steadily increased in recent years in Greater Mexico City. (wikipedia.org)
  • emission
  • Air pollution in India is quite a serious issue with the major sources being fuelwood and biomass burning, fuel adulteration, vehicle emission and traffic congestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • India has less land area and less emission air space than the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • A decade later the Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Control Act was enacted to focus more specifically on automotive emission standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air pollution emission plume - flow of pollutant in the form of vapor or smoke released into the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • As another example, an emission plume of methane gas at ambient air temperatures is buoyant because methane has a lower molecular weight than the ambient air. (wikipedia.org)
  • India
  • China and India alone, with a combined population of around 2.7 billion, are both enormous sources and victims of air pollution. (cnn.com)
  • Especially China, North India and the Middle East are expected to be affected by a drastic decrease in air quality. (redorbit.com)
  • In 2015, Government of India, together with IIT Kanpur launched the National Air Quality Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • indoor air
  • So while that was good for saving money and using less non-renewable resources, all of the chemicals in new carpet, new office furniture, copy machines, computers, and more, was now getting trapped indoors and creating indoor air that was even worse than the outdoor air. (newsblaze.com)
  • health
  • Air pollution is one of the major current health risks of humanity. (redorbit.com)
  • The cost savings estimate came from assuming very large health effects associated with very small changes in air pollution. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • This information is usually provided with your weather forecast as the Air Quality Health Index . (cancer.ca)
  • Many citizens in major cities across the world suffered some type of health related problems due to excess toxins and pollution in the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • In mainland China the API was replaced by an updated Air Quality Index in early 2012 and on 30 December 2013 Hong Kong moved to a health based index. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was replaced by the Air Quality Health Index on the 30th December 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Government organisations have increased their promotion of clean air policies in the hope lower health care costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pollution is dramatically harming not only the health of citizens of Macau but also its economy, particularly relating to the ability to attract skilled foreign labour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air pollution is Canada continues to negatively affect the environment, leading to an increase in health problems for Canadians, especially regarding leukemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additional legislation was passed in 1963 to better fully define air quality criteria and give more power in defining what air quality was to the secretary of Health, Education, and Labor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air pollution in Mexico City is a continuing concern for citizens, health experts, and environmentalists. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air pollution is a concern in British Columbia, Canada because of its effects on health and visibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • You can reduce your exposure to air pollution. (cancer.ca)
  • These sensors, can then, in turn, help measure the spatiotemporal coverage and variety of chemical species, and empower individuals and communities to better understand their exposure environments and risks from air pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • parcels
  • Eulerian model - an Eulerian dispersion model is similar to a Lagrangian model in that it also tracks the movement of a large number of pollution plume parcels as they move from their initial location. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1997
  • The record-setting air pollution, which had begun in 1997 and lasted for months, caused a 30% spike in hospital visits. (cnn.com)
  • NIEHS
  • In this webinar, NIEHS grantees discuss their research on household air pollution in two different settings: rural Montana and Baltimore, Maryland. (youtube.com)
  • aerosols
  • Air pollution e.g. by aerosols or noxious gases . (wikimedia.org)
  • This happens because volatile organic compounds called secondary organic aerosols (SOA's) are transmitted directly into the air which react with sunlight and oxygen and remain there for days. (wikipedia.org)
  • problem
  • Without focusing too much on the problem, I'd like to offer a solution that can reduce stress and remove volatile organic compounds from the air you take in at work and home. (newsblaze.com)
  • Pollution from diesel cars is a big part of this problem, and we have been campaigning for the UK government to stop putting new diesel cars on the road , and accelerate the shift to cleaner, greener road transport. (greenpeace.org.uk)
  • Air pollution in Macau is considered a serious problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • A major contributor to the problem of Canadian air pollution are the Alberta Oil Sands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air pollution has been an ongoing problem in many countries in the Southeast Asia region, and Malaysia is one of the worst affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taiwan's topography has been noted to be a contributing factor to its air pollution problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fuel wood sourced residential wood smoke makes up over 50 percent of the wintertime particle pollution problem in California. (wikipedia.org)
  • The location of Los Angeles furthered the problem as several geographical and meteorological problems unique to the area exacerbated the air pollution problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • It is estimated that tens of thousands of Canadians die prematurely each year due to acute air pollution and that high summer temperatures lead to increased illnesses, hospitalization and deaths among older adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historic air pollution episodes of the 1950s led to acute increases in infant mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • The mortality rate from vehicular pollution can be twice as high near heavily traveled roads, based on a study conducted in Holland at residences 50 meters from a main road and 100 meters from a freeway. (wikipedia.org)
  • W McDonnell (1999), Air pollution and infant mortality in Mexico City, Epidemiology, JSTOR 3703084 O'Connor, Anne-Marie (2010-04-01). (wikipedia.org)
  • amounts
  • The Canadian and United States federal governments have required each other to reduce air pollution by specific amounts annually through detailed reporting. (wikipedia.org)