• neuroendocrine
  • On the basis of the literature on the functions of these hormones and our own recent findings, we propose that dynamic interactions between oxytocin and vasopressin are components of a larger system which integrates the neuroendocrine and autonomic changes associated with mammalian social behaviors and the concurrent regulation of the stress axis. (bio.net)
  • experimental
  • In contrast, ethologists were wary of experimental work and instead carried out fieldwork to gain understanding of behavior in natural contexts. (acm.org)
  • As research progressed, ethology established methodology for observing and measuring behavior, whereas psychologists honed experimental design and quantification. (acm.org)
  • territorial
  • The silvertip shark can be recognized by its white-edged fins Jaws Upper teeth Lower teeth Though silvertip sharks are quite mobile, they exhibit fidelity to certain areas and there are reports of territorial behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • patterns
  • I studied the behavior of the Ozark zigzag salamander (Plethodon angusticlavius), that was naturally infected with the larval stage of an ectoparasitic mite (Hannemania eltoni) to determine if parasitism was associated with altered behavioral patterns. (missouristate.edu)
  • Patterns of animal conflict reveal important insights into the evolution of behavior and the influence of behavior on relationships that develop in a social group. (wikipedia.org)
  • closely
  • Colony behavior in V. acadica closely resembles that of other members of the V. rufa group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Mirza was resurrected in 1982 by American paleoanthropologist Ian Tattersall to represent an intermediate branch between Microcebus and Cheirogaleus, citing the Coquerel's giant mouse lemur's significantly larger size than the largest Microcebus and locomotor behavior more closely aligned with Cheirogaleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • mates
  • Some forms of agonistic behaviour are between contestants who are competing for access to the same resources, such as food or mates. (wikipedia.org)
  • physiological
  • The interpretation of what is observed is clearly a more challenging task, one that animal behavior researchers have long grappled with using additional physiological measures and comparative approaches to attribute meaning to what is observed. (acm.org)
  • animals
  • In adult animals, oxytocin may facilitate both social contact and selective social interactions associated with social attachment and pair bonding, and it participates in the regulation of parasympathetic functions. (bio.net)
  • The neural systems that control escape behavior have been studied intensively in several animals, including mollusks, fish and crayfish. (biologists.org)
  • Using zebrafish as a model system, we demonstrate how social experience affects decision making to enable animals to produce socially appropriate behavior. (jneurosci.org)
  • 2004). In spite of the close relationship hummingbirds and some plants often exhibit, these birds are commonly recorded visiting flowers that presumably are adapted to be pollinated by another group of animals, such as bees and bats, revealing their opportunistic foraging behavior (e.g. (scielo.br)
  • Pair-wise interactions have been observed to promote social hierarchies within groups of animals where individuals with successful agonistic behaviors often achieve dominance. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Engaging in agonistic behavior can be very costly and thus there are many examples in nature of animals who achieve dominance in more passive ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulation
  • For example, oxytocin is important for a variety of positive social behaviors, including the regulation of maternal-infant interactions. (bio.net)
  • Does proper regulation of AR function require compartmentalization of such interactions? (rupress.org)
  • In this study, we applied innovative combined FRAP and FRET methodology, and ratio imaging, using CFP and YFP tagging of wild-type ARs and AR mutants, to investigate the spatiotemporal regulation of AR N/C interactions and AR coregulator interactions in living cells. (rupress.org)
  • animal
  • Knowledge of animal physiology, animal behavior and animal needs based on the five freedoms is paramount in assessing as well as enforcing animal welfare. (ac.ke)
  • In this article we consider the challenges involved in measuring and interpreting animal behavior. (acm.org)
  • Specifically, we focus on trying to understand an animal's responses to a new system, which might be a new computer-based system the animal interacts with or a new management system (such as housing, feeding, etc.), where the animal-computer interaction element is actually the tools used to measure the observed behavior. (acm.org)
  • We hope that some of the experiences in observing, recording, and interpreting animal behavior that we recount here will highlight important points to consider, both when measuring behavior to evaluate interactive systems and during the design of these systems. (acm.org)
  • From these outward expressions of behavior, inferences can be drawn to further understand biology, provide indicators of welfare or well-being and identify preferences, and provide insight into animal perspectives. (acm.org)
  • citation needed] Animal decisions regarding involvement in conflict are defined by the interplay between the costs and benefits of agonistic behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • Overall, tail flipping was found to be a successful behavior in preventing predation, and only a small percentage of crayfish were killed and consumed. (biologists.org)
  • study
  • Why study behavior? (acm.org)
  • The research surrounding behavior has been a multidisciplinary effort, with origins in two scientific approaches: psychology (the study of the mind) and ethology (the biological study of behavior). (acm.org)
  • thus
  • By making measurements of behavior-that is, through the act of assigning values to our observations-reference values are created that permit further analysis and evaluation, thus enhancing the scientific rigor of our inquiries. (acm.org)
  • Thus, experience in a certain form of agonistic behavior results in differential aggressiveness among individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • upon
  • Nile tilapia has been observed to modify their fighting behavior based upon experiences during development. (wikipedia.org)
  • facilitate
  • We present examples of issues that arise when designing a behavior-analysis tool that aims to facilitate this task. (acm.org)
  • ways
  • Our results suggest that social status in house finches influences one component of the APR (mass loss) and can interact with the APR to modulate intraspecific agonistic interactions in ways likely relevant for disease transmission. (brillonline.com)