• East Africa
  • In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly associated with people of South Asian origin, particularly Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans. (wikipedia.org)
  • haplogroup
  • Direct-to-consumer DNA test companies have often labeled haplogroups by continent or ethnicity (e.g., an "African haplogroup" or a "Viking haplogroup"), but these labels may be speculative or misleading. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the authors, the spotty modern distribution pattern of haplogroup T-M184 within Africa may therefore represent the traces of a more widespread early local presence of the clade. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnic group
  • The objective of this study was to assess whether the likelihood of infant mortality varied by maternal race and ethnic group while considering the severity of the birth defect. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The magnitude of this association varied by ethnic group, and the decline in log circulating DHEAS levels with higher log BMI was steepest for Chinese and least steep for Hispanics. (umassmed.edu)
  • The UK usage of the term "Asian" is reflected in the "ethnic group" section of UK census forms, which treat "Asian" and "Chinese" as separate (see British Asian). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most respondents to the UK 2001 Census of non-Chinese East Asian and Southeast Asian descent chose to write-in their ethnicity in the "Other Ethnic Group" category rather than the "Other Asian" category, reflecting the association of the word Asian in the UK with South Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1980, Indians and all other South Asians have been classified as part of the Asian ethnic group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2012 census included 40 ethnic group options. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetics
  • In population genetics the term metapopulation describes discrete spatially distributed population groups which are interconnected by geneflow and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • whites
  • Significant findings were replicated in whites and African-American participants in the Childhood Asthma Management Program, in African-Americans in the Genomic Research on Asthma in the African Diaspora study, in whites and Hispanics in the Children's Health Study, and in whites in the Framingham Heart Study (FHS). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Hence general population is the Christian community, which includes whites, coloureds, blacks, and a good amount of those of Indian ancestry especially Tamils who have converted to Christianity. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • Fully adjusted multiple linear regression models estimated blood lipid changes among these pregnancy groups adjusted for race, age at menarche, baseline lipids, physical inactivity, body mass index, and family sociodemographics. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Mean FST values for common putatively functional variants were significantly higher than FST values for nonfunctional variants.Thus, putative functional SNPs in genes in etiologic pathways for CVD show greater population differentiation than non-functional SNPs and a significant variance of FST values was noted among pairwise population comparisons for different biological processes.These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • We investigated patterns of population differentiation (FST) of a set of genes in etiologic pathways of CVD among 3 ethnic groups: Yoruba in Nigeria (YRI), Utah residents with European ancestry (CEU), and Han Chinese (CHB) + Japanese (JPT). (nih.gov)
  • These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • Log circulating dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) concentrations were highest among Chinese and Japanese and lowest among African Americans and Hispanics, and this pattern persisted after adjustment for age, smoking, and log body mass index (BMI). (umassmed.edu)
  • Relationships among different Native Americans, Africans, and African Americans have been varied and complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reward notices in colonial newspapers now told of African slaves who 'ran off with his Indian wife' or 'had kin among the Indians' or is 'part-Indian and speaks their language good. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method studies differences in the frequencies of particular allelic traits, namely polymorphisms from proteins found within human blood (such as the ABO blood groups, Rhesus blood antigens, HLA loci, immunoglobulins, G-6-P-D isoenzymes, among others). (wikipedia.org)
  • published five scientific articles, where, among other claims, they concluded that the Greek population originates from Sub-Saharan Africa and do not cluster with other Mediterraneans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indians
  • While within the Mauritian social context, the main ethnic groups are refer to as the following: Hindus or Indians (North Indians Hindus) 40% (520,000), residing all over the Island, with higher concentration in the North. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Indians are people of mixed African-American and Native American heritage, who have strong ties to Native American culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • racial
  • The differences between clinic locations may be influenced by racial distribution, in that all of the African Americans subjects were seen at the same clinic. (nih.gov)
  • In specific terms, Rushton argues that the three broad racial groups that he's defined have fundamental biological differences going back through evolutionary history that cause clear-cut distinctions in modern everyday life, as well stating that generalizations about these broad groups are justified given the large nature of the gaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic analysis enables scientists to estimate the geographic ancestry of a person by using ancestry-informative markers, and by inference the probable racial category into which they will be classified in a given society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Americans
  • The narrator traces his life from college and into Harlem where he becomes invisible like other African Americans. (worldcat.org)
  • A fictional examination of the place of African Americans in American society. (worldcat.org)
  • These increases tended to be larger for Chinese, Hispanic, and Japanese than for African Americans and Caucasians, although the interactions were not statistically significant. (umassmed.edu)
  • Historically, certain Native American tribes have had close relations with African Americans, especially in regions where slavery was prevalent, or where free people of color have historically resided. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until recently, historic relations between Native Americans and African Americans were relatively neglected in mainstream United States history studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • African slaves brought to the United States and their descendants have had a history of cultural exchange and intermarriage with Native Americans, as well as with other enslaved people who possessed Native American and European ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the American Civil War some African Americans became members of the US Army and fought against the Native Americans, especially in the Western frontier states. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, other Native Americans and people of African descent fought alongside one another in armed struggles of resistance against U.S. expansion into Native territories, as in the Seminole Wars in Florida. (wikipedia.org)
  • Records of contacts between Africans and Native Americans date back to April 1502, when the first enslaved African arrived in Hispaniola. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the lands which later became part of the United States of America, the first recorded example of an African slave escaping from European colonists and being absorbed by Native Americans dates to 1526. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1526 the first enslaved African fled the colony and took refuge with local Native Americans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intermarriage between enslaved African and Native Americans began in the early 17th century in the coastal settlements[which? (wikipedia.org)
  • Interracial relationships occurred between African Americans and members of other tribes in the coastal states. (wikipedia.org)
  • indigenous groups
  • Ethnicity is often constructed either as an amalgam national identity or as something reserved for the indigenous groups so that ethnic identity is something that members of indigenous groups have in addition to their national identity. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it did not include Mestizo as an option, which critics of current Bolivian President Evo Morales say was because he wants more Bolivians to identify as one of the indigenous groups in order to lend more legitimacy to his indigenous-friendly policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnicity
  • Whereas Ethnicity is often seen as a system of social organization where membership is established through mutual identification between a group and its members. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iberian
  • The ancestry of modern Iberians (Spanish and Portuguese) is consistent with the geographical situation of the Iberian Peninsula in the south-west corner of Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iberia also has an admixture level of ancestry originating in Africa, with the concentration of both being highest in Southern Portugal, which is largely ascribed to the long Moor presence in the Iberian peninsula and possibly African slavery in Portugal. (wikipedia.org)
  • race
  • METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 915 white and 892 black women enrolled in the Southern Community Cohort Study (age 40-79 years, half postmenopausal), serum leptin levels were compared between the race groups and across categories of body mass index (BMI). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Cox analysis indicated that black race was related to poorer survival in the medical group (p = 0.0006) but not in the surgical group (p = 0.28). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Creoles (of African descent or mixed-race) are about a quarter of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Portuguese asked about race in colonial censuses when they controlled Angola, and they provided three options: White, Mestizo, or African/Black. (wikipedia.org)
  • Census
  • Defined by the 2006-2011 Australian Census, three broad groups have the word Asian included in their name: Central and Southern Asian, South-East Asian and North-East Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Earlier Census forms from 1980 and prior listed particular Asian ancestries as separate groups along with White and Black or Negro. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the 1980 Census marked the first general analyses of Asians as a group, combining several individual ancestry groups into "Asian or Pacific Islander. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 1990 Census, Asian or Pacific Islander (API) was included as an explicit category, although respondents had to select one particular ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child
  • The objectives of this article were to compare the variance explained in anthropometric outcomes when using individual measures of socioeconomic status (SES) versus different approaches to create SES indices within the urban African context, and to examine the influence of SES measured during infancy on child anthropometric outcomes at 7/8 years. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • Native American
  • Several colonial advertisements for runaway slaves made direct reference to the connections which Africans had in Native American communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colonists in South Carolina felt so concerned about the possible threat posed by the mixed African and Native American population (arising due to runaways) that they passed a new law in 1725. (wikipedia.org)
  • Significant
  • A significant minority of early Chinese immigrants to Hawaii, and even fewer to the Continental US, were Hakka, and much of the animosity between the Hakka and Punti Cantonese people carried over. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many Indigenous peoples of the Eastern Woodlands, such as the Narragansett, Pequot, Lumbee and Cherokee, have a significant degree of African ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual
  • Linear regression models were used to investigate the association between SES (individual and index measures) during infancy and anthropometric measures at age 7/8 years, controlling for sex, age, and population group. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • population
  • It can help scientists understand ancient human population migrations as well as how human groups are biologically related to one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hakka
  • The Hakkas usually identify with people who speak the Hakka language or share at least some Hakka ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • One group is the New England Hakka Association, which reminds its members not to forget their roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another group is the Hakka Association of New York, which aims to promote Hakka culture across the five boroughs of New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congress
  • During the American Revolution, Lancaster was the capital of the United States for one day, on September 27, 1777, after the Continental Congress fled Philadelphia, which had been captured by the British. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was an elected executive member of the Pan African Federation of Filmmakers Congress in 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • White
  • There's also a substantial new arrivals of white South Africans, numbering about 20,000, and is a growing community. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • The Bangweulu Block however consists of Palaeoproterozoic granitoids and volcanics, and is overlain by a Palaeoproterozoic continental sedimentary succession, the Mporokoso Group, and does not preserve much direct evidence of Archaean protoliths. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • 2.7 and 2.5 Ga, but more importantly, by xenocrystic zircon found in volcanic and granitic lithologies of the Bangweulu Block, and the area to the West, the Central African Copperbelt (Rainaud et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now most commonly found in North Africa and the Middle East, T-M70 nevertheless appears to have long been present in Europe, having possibly arrived there in the Neolithic epoch with the first farmers. (wikipedia.org)