• sympathetic
  • Despite accumulating evidence indicating that neurotransmitters released by the sympathetic nervous system can modulate the activity of innate immune cells, we still know very little about how norepinephrine impacts signaling pathways in dendritic cells (DC) and the consequence of that in DC-driven T cell differentiation. (jimmunol.org)
  • All immune organs receive innervation from tyrosine hydroxylase-positive fibers, suggesting that the release of neurotransmitters, such as norepinephrine (NE), by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) could impact the function of immune cells ( 3 , 4 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • The accelerans nerve provides sympathetic input to the heart by releasing norepinephrine onto the cells of the sinoatrial node (SA node), and the vagus nerve provides parasympathetic input to the heart by releasing acetylcholine onto sinoatrial node cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • infusion
  • To further make a correlation to the biochemistry (as mentioned below), chronic infusion of propranolol (beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist) prevented the behavioral changes following repeated stressor exposure thus halting long term potentiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • dopamine
  • Norepinephrine is used mainly as a sympathomimetic drug to treat people in vasodilatory shock states such as septic shock and neurogenic shock, while showing fewer adverse side-effects compared to dopamine treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Renal blood flow and other renal functions are depressed when the normotensive animal is made hypertensive by the administration of norepinephrine. (ahajournals.org)