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  • medulla
  • Where does the adrenal medulla derive from? (brainscape.com)
  • The inner section, or the Adrenal medulla produce hormones that are not essential for life itself but assist the body in its functions, and these would include a hormone such as Adrenaline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higher levels of cortisol to stressful situations promote: Mental and physical preparation for stress weakened inflammatory actions resulting in temporary pain toleration fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism resulting high blood glucose levels (glucogenesis) Sleep deprivation Temporarily impaired cognitive performance Possible anxiousness Adrenaline, or other wise known as Epineephrine) is released from the Adrenal medulla. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adrenal medulla is driven by the sympathetic nervous system via preganglionic fibers originating in the thoracic spinal cord, from vertebrae T5-T11. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because it is innervated by preganglionic nerve fibers, the adrenal medulla can be considered as a specialized sympathetic ganglion. (wikipedia.org)
  • glands are located
  • Some potential side effects are: Trouble sleeping Fatigue Dry skin or hair Concentration difficulties depression Sensitivity to cold temperatures Frequent and heavy menstrual periods Joint and muscle pain The 2 adrenal glands are located on the top of the kidney and have two distinct sections. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adrenal glands are located on both sides of the body in the retroperitoneum, above and slightly medial to the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • corticosterone
  • Instead, extremely high levels of the precursor hormone corticosterone are produced, some of which is converted to 11-Deoxycorticosterone (DOC), a potent mineralocorticoid not normally clinically important in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • glucocorticoid
  • However, it is non-toxic even in high dosages, suggesting that it lacks conventional glucocorticoid activity, and it does not possess mineralocorticoid activity, unlike other adrenocortical hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tadeus Reichstein
  • Kendall was awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine along with Philip S. Hench and Tadeus Reichstein for the discovery of adrenal cortex hormones, their structures, and their functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hench, Kendall, and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein were awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • adrenaline
  • The specific mechanism involved is increased release of the "stress hormones", epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine which increase blood output from the heart and constrict arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovaries
  • Estrogens, together, make up a group of primary female sex hormones synthesized in the ovaries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Testosterone is secreted by the testicles of males and the ovaries of females, although small amounts are also secreted by the adrenal glands. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • There is a mixture of normal adrenal tissue, fat, and a full trilineage maturation of the three major blood-forming elements: myeloid (white blood cell forming), erythroid (red blood cell forming), and megakaryocytic (platelet forming) lines. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variety of tumors can arise from adrenal tissue and are commonly found in medical imaging when searching for other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • retention
  • This compound, however, does not cause certain undesirable activities in ketosis and other conditions as do other adrenocortical hormones, in that it does not cause retention of the sodium ion, nor does it produce hypertension during high sodium ion intake. (wikipedia.org)