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  • mechanisms
  • However, the neural mechanisms underlying action adaptation aftereffects remain unknown. (arvojournals.org)
  • We also measured fMR-adaptation to repeated actions (e.g. repetition suppression) and found significant effects in the right pSTS, although the strength of fMR-adaptation did not correlate with perceptual aftereffects, suggesting that distinct mechanisms are involved in action aftereffects and repetition suppression. (arvojournals.org)
  • What are the effects of ocean acidification and related changes in seawater chemistry on marine organisms, what are the underlying mechanisms of the observed responses and the potential for adaptation, how are they modulated by other environmental stressors, and what are the consequences for marine ecosystems and ocean biogeochemical cycles? (epoca-project.eu)
  • Particular attention is paid to elucidating (i) the mechanisms of calcification at the molecular, cellular and organism levels, (ii) synergistic effects with global warming, (iii) strain and species-specific differences in calcification responses and (iv) the potential for adaptation. (epoca-project.eu)
  • This pattern of apparent future adaptation may be caused by unknown abiotic properties of these environments, phages, bacterial competitors or general mechanisms of ecological niche release, and warrants future study. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • cognitive
  • In this sense, biological functionalism maintains that while bad results often occur in life, which do not serve any pragmatic concerns, an entrenched cognitive psychological motivation was attempting to create a positive result, in spite of its eventual failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • We suggest that the more abundant signatures of selection at immune genes in the ‡Khomani could be explained by their more frequent contact with immigrant groups, which likely led to increased exposure and adaptation to introduced infectious diseases. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • aspects
  • The interaction between Theme 2 scientists across disciplines and work packages is further strengthened by joint community level manipulative experiments employing benthic and pelagic mesocosms and allowing all partners to address specific aspects of their work in complex biological system. (epoca-project.eu)
  • brain
  • These results suggest a direct link between perceptual adaptation and neural adaptation in right pSTS, and suggest this as a core brain region for understanding social and perceptual deficits in Autism Spectrum Condition. (arvojournals.org)
  • Both Chomsky and Gould argue that the complexity of the brain is in itself an adaptation, and language arises from such complexities. (wikipedia.org)
  • survival
  • The adaptation from generation of Paul and his friends has suffered is bad because they got experience during the war, which they have to adapt for their survival throughout the grenade, bullet, and boom. (studymode.com)
  • By that fact, biological functionalism maintains that our individual survival and health is the driving provocation of actions, and that the importance of social rigidity is negligible. (wikipedia.org)
  • cold
  • Allen's rule is a biological rule that says the limbs of an endotherm is either shorter in cold climates or longer in hot climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • While both maintain the fundamental belief that a social structure is composed of many interdependent frames of reference, biological functionalists criticise the structural view that a social solidarity and collective conscience is required in a functioning system. (wikipedia.org)
  • responses
  • This enables the collection of comprehensive multidisciplinary datasets on organism responses covering a wide range of relevant biological processes and strophic levels. (epoca-project.eu)
  • functional
  • Second, with the adoption of corn as a major dietary constituent, the softer foodstuffs and more sedentary lifeway associated with that adaptation should result in a respective decrease in functional demand on the masticatory complex in particular and on the body in general. (amnh.org)
  • We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure neural adaptation after prolonged viewing of a BM stimulus (n=12). (arvojournals.org)
  • To address these questions for a wide range of potentially sensitive biological processes, Theme 2 activities are structured according to key ecosystem components and functional groups. (epoca-project.eu)
  • study
  • Study of the material and biological information in the environment, preservation and interaction with the physical milieu, molecular biomarker identification and development of methodologies for their detection. (inta-csic.es)
  • ability
  • while a disproportionately strong belief in good luck may lead to undesirable results, such as a huge loss in money from gambling, biological functionalism maintains that the newly created ability of the gambler to condemn luck will allow them to be free of individual blame, thus serving a practical and individual purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • complex
  • Scientist and psychologists Steven Pinker and Paul Bloom argue that language as a mental faculty shares many likenesses with the complex organs of the body which suggests that, like these organs, language has evolved as an adaptation, since this is the only known mechanism by which such complex organs can develop. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • All the quiet on the Western Front" is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, who is a German veteran of WWI, shows people a painful picture, line of thought, and the adaptation of the young group soldier in the war. (studymode.com)
  • fill
  • Carbohydrates are the most abundant biological molecules, and fill numerous roles, such as the storage and transport of energy (starch, glycogen) and structural components (cellulose in plants, chitin in animals). (wikipedia.org)