• tubule
  • This is followed by a renal tubule that passes from the cortex deep into the medullary pyramids. (wikipedia.org)
  • They form via precipitation of Tamm-Horsfall mucoprotein which is secreted by renal tubule cells, and sometimes also by albumin in conditions of proteinuria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affected cells of the proximal tubule may be passed in the urine, but a kidney biopsy is the only sure way to make a diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intervention
  • Identifies and discusses all levels of nursing management, including Health Promotion, Acute Intervention, and Ambulatory and Home Care, to prepare the nurse to effectively intervene at various stages of illness. (ecampus.com)
  • toxins
  • These toxins are sent to the kidneys where they are dissolved in water, filtered out, and excreted from the body during urination. (shihtzu.org)
  • Healthy kidneys make highly concentrated urine, which means large amounts of toxins are being processed and excreted in a relatively small amount of water. (shihtzu.org)
  • A diseased kidney, on the other hand, requires an ever-increasing amount of water to handle the same amount of toxins. (shihtzu.org)
  • This disease is also caused by other diseases and toxins that damage the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • from διά, dià, "through", and λύσις, lỳsis, "loosening or splitting") is the process of removing excess water, solutes and toxins from the blood in those whose native kidneys have lost the ability to perform these functions in a natural way. (wikipedia.org)
  • Via one or more of these mechanisms, the kidney participates in the control of the volume of various body fluid compartments, fluid osmolality, acid-base balance, various electrolyte concentrations, and removal of toxins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluid
  • There would have to watch out for the patient's fluid intake because too much fluid may result to the further weakening of the kidneys. (skinsheen.com)
  • erythropoietin
  • As the kidneys fail, they produce less erythropoietin, resulting in decreased production of red blood cells to replace the natural breakdown of old red blood cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • corticosteroid therapy
  • Prerenal azotemia can be caused by decreased blood flow through the kidneys (e.g. low blood pressure, congestive heart failure, shock, bleeding, dehydration) or by increased production of urea in the liver via a high protein diet or increased protein catabolism (e.g. stress, fever, major illness, corticosteroid therapy or gastrointestinal bleeding). (wikipedia.org)
  • artificial
  • In 1956 Baxter International introduced the first functioning artificial kidney, and in 1971 became a member of the Fortune 500. (wikipedia.org)
  • human kidney
  • In a first-of-its-kind look at human kidney development, researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have isolated human nephron progenitor (NP) cells. (biologynews.net)
  • In addition to defining the genetic profile of human NP, this system will facilitate studies of human kidney development, providing a novel tool for renal regeneration and bioengineering purposes," says principal investigator Laura Perin, PhD, co-director of CHLA's GOFARR Laboratory for Organ Regenerative Research and Cell Therapeutics in Urology. (biologynews.net)